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The Disputed President: Rutherford B. Hayes

Updated on December 18, 2015
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I am a Christian. I was an 8th-grade American History teacher. I am currently a freelance writer, public speaker, & homeschooling mom of 9.

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Hayes for Teachers, Students, & All Who Love to Learn

Looking for great YouTube video clips, books, recipes and free worksheets and lapbooks for teaching and/or learning about President Rutherford B. Hayes? Here you will find my favorite picks we used while studying the individual Presidents of the United States. This is part of a series of lessons I posted on individual Presidents. You can find links to all the lessons at President's Day Unit Study .

Do You Think Rutherford B. Hayes Was a Good President?

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Just the Facts on Our 19th President

Presidential Term: 1877-1881

Political Party: Republican

Vice President: William A. Wheeler

Birthplace: Ohio

Occupation: Lawyer

Yearly Salary as President: $50,000

Height: 5'8.5"

First Lady: Lucy Webb Hayes

Nickname: President of Reconstruction

Great Worksheets, Lapbooks, Trivia, & Recipes

Worksheets, Lapbooks, Recipes, & Trivia We Found Helpful

Rutherford B. Hayes for Teachers offers links to free worksheets, book suggestions, general information and trivia, interactive computer games, and more related to President Hayes.

Recipes of Lucy Webb Hayes and A Typical Diet of President Rutherford B. Hayes provide recipes for the favorite foods of Rutherford B. Hayes and also include a description of some of his other favorite dishes.

Presidential Statistics and Points of Interest includes an overview of Rutherford B. Hayes's life and some fun points of interest.

Our Favorite Children's Book on President Rutherford B. Hayes

Our Favorite Books on Rutherford B. Hayes

Rutherford B. Hayes: Nineteenth President 1877-1881 (Getting to Know the US Presidents)
Rutherford B. Hayes: Nineteenth President 1877-1881 (Getting to Know the US Presidents)
This was our favorite picture book on Rutherford B. Hayes. It covers his entire life and has cute illustrations. * Also look for "How To Draw The Life And Times Of Rutherford B. Hayes" (Kid's Guide to Drawing the Presidents of the United States of America) by Melody S. Mis.

Timeline of Major Events During Hayes's Presidency

Timeline of Major Events During 1877-1881

Crazy Horse's last battle
First White House lawn Easter egg roll
Federal troops removed from Louisiana, ending the period of Reconstruction
Sitting Bull and his men flee to Canada
Great Railroad Strike of 1877
First time federal troops used to end a strike
Nez Perce War
Thomas Edison invents the phonograph

First telephone installed in the White House

Congress allows women lawyers to practice law before the Supreme Court
First Timberland Protection Act
Thomas Edison invents the incandescent lightbulb

Work on the Panama Canal begins
John Philip Sousa directs the US Marine Corps Band

Kansas prohibits alcohol, initiating the national temperance movement

Even though Hayes's opponent, Samuel J. Tilden, actually won the popular vote, Rutherford B. Hayes was named President, winning the presidency by 20 disputed electoral vote.


Rutherford, a Puritan, held strong moral standards and attempted to run the country by the same standards and beliefs. He fought for racial equality and attempted to outlaw using the spoils system for the appointment of federal positions. Chester A. Arthur, who would eventually become America's 21st President, refused to abide by the merit system for federal appointees and was removed from his office as Collector of the Port of New York on account of it.

One of the first issues Rutherford dealt with in his presidency was the Great Railroad Strike of 1877, which spread from state to state after wages were cut and workers refused to work on the railroads. Hayes sent out federal troops to end the strike, and this act was the first time federal troops were used to end a strike.

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Rutherford kept his promise to not run for re-election and left his reform work to continue with his successor, James A. Garfield. Rutherford spent the end of his life supporting educational reform and fought for equal treatment of both the rich and poor.

Our Favorite YouTube Video Clip on President Rutherford B. Hayes

Good Overview of Rutherford B. Hayes

These were our 2 favorite YouTube clips giving a nice overview of Hayes during the period of his presidency.

Looking for more lessons on Presidents or all of my unit studies and lessons?

  • President's Day Unit Study - I posted links to each of my lessons on individual Presidents here. In each lesson I included fun worksheets, children's books, YouTube clips, timelines, and recipe ideas. On this page I also included our favorite books and YouTube video clips that cover all of the Presidents of the United States.
  • Fun, FREE Hands-On Unit Studies - I have posted my links to over 35 hands-on unit studies (compromised of over 170 lessons) that focus primarily on science and social studies. In each lesson plan I have listed the activities that we did (and included photos), the books we read, YouTube video clips that we watched, and lapbook links that pair with the lesson.


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