- Education and Science
Saving Timbuktu's Ancient Manuscripts
In mid January 2013, France initiated a military invasion of Mali. Supposedly to suppress the Islamist Rebels gathering in the north and agitating to start their own state.
In the meantime, the fate of the many ancient Manuscripts located in Timbuktu are hanging in the balance. Stories were issued claiming that the Libraries were being burned by the Rebels. These stories thankfully turned out to be false.
The Treasures of Timbuktu
Timbuktu was known as a major centre of Islamic learning from the 13th to the 17th Centuries. Some 700,000 manuscripts have survived to the present day in public libraries and private collections. These books cover a wide range of subjects including religion, law, literature and science.
In 1988, Timbuktu was added to the World Heritage list under UNESCO protection. There are three medieval mosques and 16 cemeteries and mausoleums which are protected. These mosques were heavily involved in spreading Islam across the Sahara to western Africa. The oldest mosque has been dated back to 1329 CE.
Information source - See Section - Treasures of Timbuktu
Image Source - Smithsonian Magazine -The last working Copyist is diligently trying to save Timbuktu's Manuscripts.
Books about the fascinating Timbuktu
Ancient Manuscript - Resources
- Timbuktu Manuscripts
- Sankore Madrasah, Timbuktu
- Ancient Manuscripts Exhibition
Library of Congress, Washington DC, USA
- Tombouctou Manuscripts Project
Cape Town, South Africa
- Old Families keep the secret of Timbuktu's Manuscripts
Raw Story March 2, 2013
- Timbuktu's manuscripts at the Ahmed Baba Institute
BBC - Timbuktu and her Manuscripts - in Pictures - January 2013
In January 2013 a flurry of reports came out of Mali saying that the Islamist Rebels had burned many of the ancient manuscripts and libraries in Timbuktu.
It turns out that the media lied and that most of these reports are simply not true. Many of these manuscripts were actually removed from Timbuktu back in April of 2012 after the Islamists took over control of the town. Many of these manuscripts were taken to Bamako, the capital of Mali.
Below (listed under News Resources) are some of these reports about the burning of the Timbuktu manuscripts.
What makes it different this time, in 2013, is the fact that France decided to unilaterally invade and take control of Mali. The question is - Why?
Well France SAYS they are taking control to rid Mali of the Islamist and Al-Qaeda rebels.That may well be true - but their REAL reason for the French invasion has got to be because Mali has vast untapped gold and oil resources and France is in desperate need of gold to repay those countries demanding their gold deposits back.
Image Source - Mali's Culture War - The Fate of the Timbuktu Manuscripts
News Reporting Resources
- Timbuktu mayor says Mali rebels torched library of historic manuscripts
The Guardian, UK
- Extremists Torch Timbuktu Library
Chronicle Herald Newspaper, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
- Have the Great Libraries of Timbuktu been lost?
New Yorker, NYC, USA
- Timbuktu's Art of Saving it's Monuments
BBC World News, Africa
- The Secret Race to Save Timbuktu Manuscripts
Globe and Mail , Toronto, Canada
- Lies Exposed - Timbuktu Libraries NOT Burnt Down
Pan African News Wire - Feb 2013
- Timbuktu Manuscripts Apparently Escaped Burning
Science Insider, Washington DC, USA
- The Fate of the Timbuktu Manuscripts
New York Times, USA - January 30, 2013
- Saving Timbuktu's Precious Manuscripts from Militants
New York Times, USA - February 1, 2013
- Timbuktu NOT out of Reach of US Troops
Timbuktu is not out of reach of U.S. troops. And a future U.S. military installation in Timbuktu is not out of the question. Future of Freedom Foundation - March 5, 2013
The Tuareg people
The Tuareg people of the Sahara desert have been a nomadic people for thousands of years.
But in the last century they have taken to settling down in one location and are now surviving by farming and raising animals. They don't use currency but barter their excess produce for whatever trade goods they require.
The Tuareg are a proud people. They are also called the Blue Men of the Desert due to the blue indigo dyed clothing they wear. They have fiercely resisted French colonial rule - which is part of the reason why this new conflict has arisen.
When the colonial powers abatrarily divided up the Sahara into political entities known as countries, they made no allowances for the Tuareg people.
So because of the arrogance of the colonial powers (mostly France, Italy and Britain) the Tuareg people have no home. Thus the Proud Tuareg have literally been made a stateless people.
In this the 21st century, NOONE is helping them. They are now some of the poorest people on earth, despite having a long and proud history.
Image Source - These Tuareg men are from Gao in Mali
More Books about Timbuktu and the Taureg People
Imshuradj People without a Country
Why France Invaded
The Tuareg people have demanded a home state several times since Mali became independent from France in 1960. It just so happens that the northern part of Mali has vast untapped deposits of Oil and Gold.
Back in January 2012, the Tuareg people declared the Northern half of Mali to be their new state. They named it AZAWAD. Azawad as a state was never recognised by the rest of the world.
The Tuareg people had needed the help of a group called Ansar Dine, in order to claim their victory in Northern Mali. Over the next few months the 2 groups began a new conflict. In June 2012, another islamic group swept in to take up the void. This new group is called MUJWA (the J stands for Jihad) and they are demanding that Sharia Law be reinstated throughout western Africa.
By September 2012, Militant soldiers from Ansar Dine and Mujwa had taken over control of various towns in western and northern Mali - namely Timbuktu, Gao and Kidal. The West (mostly France and USA) has claimed that MUJWA has connections with Al-Qaeda in the Maghreb (Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia) but I dont think there is any such connection. It's just a convenient means to keep using that name to keep the public scared.
In January 2013, the French Military invaded the West African country of Mali, under the guise of getting rid of these Islamist Militants. The French Defence Minister has even said - The goal is the total reconquest of Mali. We will not leave any pockets [of resistance].
The western world (particularly Europe and the USA) desperately need more gold to prop up their financial systems. Especially since some countries such as Germany and Venezuela have begun demanding all their gold deposits to be repatriated back to the home country. The banks of France and USA do not have sufficient gold to fulfill these requests.
Image Source - Map of Mali
Map Source - Azawad held territory - January to June 2012
Do you feel the Tuareg people should be granted their own political state?
Why France has invaded Mali
January 14, 2013 - France Invades Mali
January 14, 2013 - On the ground in Mali for the French Invasion
May 2012 - Inside Story - Al Jazeera TV
January 13, 2013 - Inside Story - Al Jazeera TV
All Wars are Bankers Wars - Michael Rivero
All Wars are Bankers Wars - by Michael Rivero. February 2013
The REAL Reason why France has invaded Mali.
The German government recently asked for the return of some of their gold bullion from the Bank of France and the New York Federal Reserve. France has said it will take 5 years to return Germany's gold. The United States has said they will need 8 years to return Germany's gold. This suggests strongly that the Bank of France and the NY Federal Reserve have used the deposited gold for other purposes, and they are scrambling to find new gold to cover the shortfall and prevent a gold run.
So it is inevitable that suddenly France invades Mali, ostensibly to combat Al Qaeda, with the US joining in. Mali just happens to be one of the world's largest gold producers with gold accounting for 80% of Mali exports. War for the bankers does not get more obvious than that!
The Text can be Read Here - See Video Below
Text Copyright to Mike Rivero - WRH - but freely available to be copied and spread around the Internet.
Mali Politics - Resources
- Azawad, Mali
- Independent Azawad No More - Northern Mali in Islamist Hands
Political Geography Now - Sept 2012
National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad
- The Tuareg People
- Islamists' Harsh Rule Awakened Ethnic Tensions in Timbuktu
New York Times - Feb 1, 2013
- UNESCO says it will take Millions to restore Mali's Lost Heritage
LiveMint - February 8, 2013
- Who are the Tuareg People?
Tuareg Culture & News Blog