ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Role of Summer Trading in Viking Cities

Updated on November 30, 2016
Midnight Muse profile image

The Midnight Muse received her Bachelor of Arts degree in Anthropology from the University of South Florida and writes about world cultures.

A Viking Camp Demonstration by Living History Reenactors
A Viking Camp Demonstration by Living History Reenactors | Source

Centers for Commerce and Trade

The role of Vikings cities functioned much differently from the typical definition of a city. These locations were based on cultural traditions and functioned as designated economic centers for commerce, trading, religious activities. The most recognized of the Viking cities were Birka, Hedeby, and Ribe. Vikings, for the most part, lived at fairly large distances from their neighboring households. Although areas were controlled by local earls, the size and proportion of these areas could be quite extensive at times. Seasonal pilgrimages to these merchant cities provided the opportunity for people to meet and conduct business transactions.

The Summer Trading Season

The Vikings loved to trade. In fact, it was a matter of survival to the Viking lifestyle. The wares that were made by a Viking household during the winter months were taken to these economic distribution centers during the summer for barter or trade.

Seasonal Inhabitation

Many of these cities were inhabited on a seasonal basis. During the summer, these cities functioned as established trading centers and allowed for commerce and the exchange of goods; but afterwards, the cities were deserted during the cold winter months. Even at such renowned trading centers as Birka, the habitation of the city did not last very long. The few cities that emerge and remain active throughout the entire year are later abandoned as soon as the flow of trade was diminished. Other cities that were open during the summer months migrated locations according to the exact point where they are erected. These seasonal market-cities were often just like very large flea markets or boot sales.

Learn More About the Vikings

Population of the Cities

The largest of the Viking cities was inhabited by a paltry population of approximately 3,000 people. The population of these cities was quite small when compared to the populations of other European cities of the same time period such as London. Although these trading centers are recognized as Vikings cities, they more closely resemble seasonal towns.

Treasure Hordes and the Value of Coins

In Gotland, a huge Viking coin horde was found. The Vikings preferred Byzantium coinage above all others. They did not care about the worth of coins, but rather were more concerned with their weight and quality. Largest, this was due to an understanding of the worth of gold in the manufacture of objects as well as an understanding of the value of metal rather than that of an assigned fictitious monetary value by foreign governments.

© 2015 Midnight Muse

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)