ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Utilizing Weeds – Making Wealth out of Waste

Updated on October 28, 2019
hmkrishna profile image

The author is postgraduate in Botany and experienced in IPR handling as well as agribusiness management with an MBA, lives in a farmhouse.

Plant biomass

The soil in which plants can grow is very fertile. Plant biomass is very important. It is mainly because it is a carbon sink. Plants take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Highest carbon dioxide conversion capacity is called carbon sequestration which is considered as one of the positive requirements in containing air pollution due to carbon dioxide.

When there is sufficient availability of water and good soil airborne seeds and the dispersal seeds germinate and grow. We call the unwanted plants as weeds. Once upon a time, the rice we eat was also a weed. Crops are domesticated weeds for economic use. Because of this, every plant is ecologically important.

Because of this, we have various conservation measures of plants through restriction from destruction. By identifying the richness of the diversity of plants the areas are marked as biodiversity e conservation units. These are are the reserved forest conserved forest national parks and ecologically important regions. Some of the areas in the world are identified as biodiversity hotspots. These areas contain such an enormous amount of diversity of plants which cannot be found elsewhere and it is the requirement to conserve those areas without which the plants may be endangered.

Ferns in the plantation
Ferns in the plantation

Weeds

The plants do not have any economic value, which gives trouble for the normal life of human beings and crops are called weeds. These are among all the three types of plants that may be herbs, shrubs or small trees. Encroachment of inhabiting areas, cause of allergies and problem for free movement, etc. are some of the problems caused by these plants.

Naturalists say that ignorance of human beings in realizing the value of plants such as safeguarding the environment, supply of medicinal principles, continuity nexus of food web, etc. are making them labelled as weeds.

Weed control

As far as the hazards and problems are concerned the control of the weeds is very important. The weeds harbour wildlife like rats, insects, snakes and dangerous creatures. Plantations they create a lot of problem for the movement of individuals for the collection of the crops and other cultivation practices. In such situation control of the weeds becomes very much essential.

Weed control is done:

  • Manually,
  • Mechanically,
  • Chemically or
  • Biologically.

Manual weeding

Since time immemorial the weeds have been blocked by men and women and were controlled. After plucking these sweets were either used as manure, as fodder or sometimes for fuel.

Mechanical weeding

Sickles were used for cutting the weeds in the plantations some of the long hand signals also words were used to trash weeds. Since last few years, motorized weed cutting has become popular in the plantations. Small petrol engine with cutting rope decreases weeds from the ground level. Fast operation and avoiding contact with weeds advantages.

Chemical control

A few decades back chemical control was very much popular. Some of the growth regulators respiratory inhibitors and poisons were used to eradicate the weeds. These were deadly and quickly effective and where economic. Soon people have started realizing that these chemicals are not only harmful to the weeds but also harmful to the environment. Weedicides like hormones had a residual effect in the soil and caused mutations in the plants and animals. Weedicides have also caused a reduction in yield and some acute cases total unfavourable conditions for crop growth. In some other places, weedicides have polluted water bodies and contaminated with toxins and made water not drinkable. Realising these factors weedicides are now banned in many countries.

Composite weed biomass in tropical South India
Composite weed biomass in tropical South India

Biocontrol

The easiest method of control of the weeds is to grow the plants in a high-density manner. Once there is low availability of sunlight and covering of the small weeds with litter causes non-emergence of weeds in high-density plantations.

To eradicate some of the noxious weeds weed-eating insects have been used. A large number of particular weed-eating insects where released they went on eating all these weeds and destroyed them. but later on, it is found that after a particular weed is a finish this is treating some other plants and also caused problems to animals. therefore scientific management of biological control agents is very important as far as the control methods are used.

Weeds utilization

As we have seen earlier wheels are the best for feeding the cows. Most of the herbs are eaten away by the cows and the fodder use is economic.

Wealth from waste

Traditionally, the sholas and most of the barren hills were all covered with grasses. These grasses were eaten by the dwelling animals especially the cows and goats. When these grasses are available in enormous quantity they can be converted into silage and stored for future use.

The grass is also used for making cardboard and low-quality paper.

In cropping areas like sugarcane rhizome crops like ginger and turmeric, grasses are thrashed and used as mulch.

When there is a fire in the grassland a lot of grass is lost. The fire not only burns grasses but also whatever is coming underneath it.

Composting

To avoid wildfire the grass has to be cut when it starts drying and has to be utilised properly making use of the biomass for useful purposes. To this effect, the biomass is converted into highly useful manure. biomass along with other biological waste as well as the cow dung is composted and used as organic manure.

Use of earthworms for converting decompose into vermicompost makes it more valuable. Vermicompost contains a balanced amount of nutrients as well as growth-promoting substances. it is because it comes out of the earthworm gut after the biochemical process. It is in the form of granule and it can be easily applied in the fields.

Rain covered composting tank
Rain covered composting tank

Last words

When you come across the weeds, don't be upset, but formulate strategies to effectively use the biomass for converting it into wealth. Availability of biomass is a boon and a wise utilisation of this biomass adds value to your efforts.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Prantika Samanta profile image

      Prantika Samanta 

      5 months ago from Kolkata, India

      An interesting read. I have found it very useful and I did not know so much about weeds.

    • Niks007 profile image

      Niks 

      5 months ago from India

      Your knowledge about natural resources, plants, and various environment-related subjects reflects in your articles. A great article explaining the usage of biomass along with good photographs.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)