ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Broadway Musicals Stage to Screen

Updated on February 23, 2017

Why I'm making this page about "Broadway Musicals Stage to Screen"

First of all, I love Broadway musicals. They represent a great classic art form. Having developed from operetta, the Broadway musical combines drama and music in a unique blend. These classic shows are truly masterpieces of creative achievement. Secondly, I'm glad they decided to make the stage plays into films, so we could at least have the joy of seeing Broadway musicals in our hometown movie theaters if there are none playing in our nearby local live theaters. Or, at the very least we could watch these great shows on videos in our homes. But, thirdly, I'm making this page primarily because I feel that sometimes the film makers have gone too far in making changes from the original Broadway musicals, leaving out songs, adding new songs, and drawing out action sequences, thus straying the original purpose of making the film or what should be the purpose (to bring the original Broadway musical in all of it's creative genius to a wider film-going audience. For details on these content changes, see the section entitled "Examples of changes..." below. But first, check out my very brief history of the Broadway musical in the next section. After reading my comments on the content changes, check out some of the original Broadway cast albums to see for yourself what you're missing by only seeing the film version. Since you may already have the videos or know where you can buy or rent them, I won't list them here. But get the original cast albums both to enjoy by themselves and /or to play the missing songs at the points they should appear when you watch the movies. I have all of the ones I listed, as well as the movies and I do this when I watch the movies: I simply put my VCR on pause and play the missing song, then start the movie again.

Be sure to vote for how much leeway film makers should have in the pole marked "Do you agree?" Thanks.


A BRIEF HISTORY of Broadway musicals:

The Broadway musical developed as an art form from opera, retaining the same forms of recitative and aria. From opera came operetta and from operetta came musical comedy or the beginning of the Broadway musical.

With the first musicals, the songs were more or less loosely related to the plot. That was until Oklahoma opened in 1943. It is said to be the father of the Broadway musical as we know it, interweaving music, story line, and characters together in such a way that they are one unique piece of performing art.


The barn social scene from Oklahoma, the first true musical drama (1943)

Examples of content changes in Broadway musicals from stage to screen

...especially musical changes

In a way, it's unfortunate that film makers couldn't just film the live productions of Broadway musicals. There's just something about watching a live show. But they would have to include a lot of close-ups of the actors and perhaps the action would be too stultified for film. So they decide to make new films of the original stage plays. But in some cases, they make certain unfortunate changes ostensively to accommodate the new media. They may leave out an important song just because to include it would make the film run too long. Or in some cases, they may not only delete a song but add a new one in its place. They may even change the order of the songs. In many cases, they also draw out the action toward the end ( leaving too much time between songs), which takes away from the sense of it being a musical.

Here are a few examples along with some of the omitted songs for you to hear and some links to the Original cast albums, so you can see for yourself what you miss by only watching the film versions.


1. "Oklahoma!"

Opening in 1943, "Oklahoma!," by the newly formed writing team Rodgers and Hammerstein, was considered the first real Broadway musical, since it related the music to the story and characters in a way not previously done. When they made it into a film 12 years later, they left out the song "Lonely Room," which gives crucial insight into the character of Jed, the farmhand. There was also a song sung by the peddler, called "It's a scandal, It's an outrage" which was left out as well. [You can hear this one directly below.] That's two songs which I feel were crucial as they gave further insight into those two characters, minor characters though they be.

"It's a Scandal, It's a Outrage!" from "Oklahoma!"

2. "Annie"

The charming musical "Annie" by ‎Charles Strouse and ‎Martin Charnin opened in 1977 and won the Tony award for best musical that year. The movie version was made in 1984, with a few significant changes. First, they changed the beautiful "N.Y.C" song to a syrupy "Let's Go To The Movies," and left out entirely the first singing of "Tomorrow" and two political songs: "we'd like to thank you, Herbert Hoover" and "We're Getting a New Deal For Christmas." They also changed "You won't be an Orphan for long" to "We got Annie," which was in the first draft and they drew out the ending with an extended action scene. They did add an admittedly rather neat musical exchange between Mrs.Hanigan and Warbucks when he tries to get her to sign the adoption papers.

Lead-in and song: "NYC" from Annie:

Final scene from "Annie" ("A New Deal for Christmas":

"A New Deal For Christmas" *The Finale from ?Annie'
"A New Deal For Christmas" *The Finale from ?Annie' | Source

The original cast recording:

3. "South Pacific"

The 1958 film version of Roger's and Hammerstein's 1949 hit musical, "South Pacific" left out the poignant ballad, dealing with racial prejudice, "You Gotta Be Carefully Taught" because of fear of offending someone.

Lead in & song: "Carefully taught" from "South Pacific::

4-5 "My Fair Lady" &" Brigadoon"

Fortunately Lerner & Lowe's 1956 hit Broadway musical "My Fair Lady" survived the 1964 film version without any changes, even though the earlier (1964) movie of their earlier (1947) hit musical, "Brigadoon," left out a few numbers including a beautiful dream ballet between the bride and groom and the humorous "My mother's wedding day." "MyFair Lady," on the other hand, is the only one where the movie version accurately reflects the original Broadway show, Lerner and Lowe's classic musical based on Shaw's play Pygmalion about the relationship between speech and class in turn-of-the-century England. It was so well done the movie producers couldn't change it.


ballet from "Brigadoon
ballet from "Brigadoon | Source

6. "Camelot:"

Then, in 1960, Lerner and Lowe had another big hit with their next and most lavish Broadway musical, "Camelot."

Camelot
Camelot | Source

"

When the musical was made into a movie 7 years later, 3 songs were left out of the film version: "Before I Gaze at You Again," which shows Lancelot's first reaction to realizing he's in love with Arthur's wife and is a sort-of-opposite of his later musical declaration, "If Ever I would leave you," "The Seven Deadly Virtues," which gives further insight into the depth of evil present in the character of Mordred [watch and listen to it below], and "Fie on Goodness," which shows the discontent which the knights eventually felt with Arthur's "Might for Right" order. "Follow me" is there but in the wrong place. It's supposed to show the spirit of Nym's luring away of Merlin toward the beginning but is used for background for Arthur's trip to the forest toward the end.

Marc Parker as Mordred singing "The 7 Deadly Virtues" from "Camelot

"Camelot" The original cast recording:

7 "The Sound of Music":

Perhaps the worst offender was "The Sound of Music." In the film version, "My favorite Things," which was supposed to celebrate the joy of living even in a nunnery, was moved from the Abby to the bedroom scene. "Lonely Goatherd," which was originally sung in the bedroom scene was made into an elaborate puppet show. Then they added a new song by the composer. "I have Confidence," to be sung by Maria on the way to the Captain's house. But that is not the worst of what they did. They left out the very crucial "How Can Love Survive?" sung by Max and the Baroness to show the hopelessness of love between two rich people, as well as the song "No way to Stop It," sung primarily by Max and the baroness as a protest to Captain's strong stance against the Nazis. [You can watch and listen to this scene below.] They also replaced "Ordinary Couple," the poignant love song between Maria and the Captain, which made a perfect contrast to "How Can Love Survive?" with the syrupy sentimental and theologically incorrect song "I Must Have Done Something Good."

Here's the lead-in to and the original song "No way to stop it" from "The Sound od Music::

8. Les Miserables:

The New movie version of the musical "Les Miserables" has ValJeaun singing "Bring Him Home" earlier than in the play--before Marius was shot rather than while he was being carried by ValJaun. Then they left out entirely (except for a few words) the song "Dog eats dog," which is sung by the inn-keeper as he scavenges for gold from the dead bodies in the sewer. These, however, do not distract from the value of the movie. In this case, the deletion of the song served to move the action forward and keep the focus on ValJuean and Marius and it was not that noticeable since more music followed, but, i can't help thinking it would have been nice to hear it, so you can do so immediately below. For more on this musical, look for my hub devoted entirely to it.

"Dog Eats Dog" from Les Miserables:

Conclusion:: So. hear it for yourself! Get these Original Broadway cast Recordings and hear what you've been misssing! - Imagine you're there!

Get the movie and the original cast albums (above) to compare. If you get or have the movie, do get the original cast album as well. Once you see from the album covers what songs are missing and at what place they come in the original play, you can always pause the movie and listen to the missing songs at the appropriate times. Admittedly, it's not as good as seeing it performed, but it's something.

You can search for more original cast albums and movies yourself on Amazon.

Another negative change: drawing out action in musical films:

Film producers also tend to want to draw out any action toward the end before the last musical number, making too long of time between numbers for a musical. The prime examples are "The Sound of Music" (the long scene at the abbey before the final "Climb every mountain" reprise, and "Annie." (The long action scene trying to catch the crooks before the final party scene).

Check your understanding: Take my little 4 question quiz:

view quiz statistics

What do you think?

Do you agree with me that the original stage production of a Broadway musical is a work of creative genius and should not be changed? Or do you think movie producers have the right to make any changes from the original Broadway musical which they fell are necessary or advisable?

Do You Agree?

See results

Reader Feedback

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Yamin Joe profile image

      Yamin Joe 

      5 years ago

      Very enjoyable and homesick lens.

    • opatoday profile image

      opatoday 

      5 years ago

      This is just Amazing Thank You MAKE MORE

    • LewesDE profile image

      LewesDE 

      6 years ago

      Great lens. I hope you make more of them!

    • profile image

      anonymous 

      6 years ago

      fantastic at what you've done here on your article! *blessed*

    • nyclittleitaly profile image

      nyclittleitaly 

      6 years ago

      Thank you for this lens. Broadway shows are the best.

    • GeorgeneMBramlage profile image

      Georgene Moizuk Bramlage 

      6 years ago from southwestern Virginia

      Thanks for a very interesting lens and the amount of work done to produce it. IMHO, sometimes the movie version of a book or play is better than the original. Cercis

    • GypsyLyric LM profile image

      GypsyLyric LM 

      7 years ago

      I love your arguments - very nicely presented!

    • smithlights profile image

      smithlights 

      7 years ago

      Great lens. Thanks. And the 1998 version of Oklahoma (with Hugh Jackman in it) is a filmed version of the stage play, complete with the extra songs you mentioned. It is one of my favoring move-musicals for that reason. It's set on a stage, so there aren't big changes in costume or location, and it is very well done. It was done by the British Royal Theatre or something like that.

    • ChemKnitsBlog2 profile image

      ChemKnitsBlog2 

      7 years ago

      @boutiqueshops: Yeah, musicals are by far my favorite movies to watch!

    • KatrinaJames profile image

      KatrinaJames 

      7 years ago

      Cool Lens!:-)

    • ChemKnitsBlog2 profile image

      ChemKnitsBlog2 

      7 years ago

      I thought Chicago was a FANTASTIC adaptation. I actually like it more than the stage version.

    • profile image

      boutiqueshops 

      8 years ago

      OHMYGOSH...so many favorites here; thank you for a thoughtful page about some favorite Broadway musical treasures captured forever on film. (Sound of Music, My Fair Lady, Phantom Of The Opera)

    • smange lm profile image

      smange lm 

      8 years ago

      Fantastic lens - and perfectly complementary to my Movie musicals lens. Lensrolled! :)

    • profile image

      jipock 

      9 years ago

      Great Lens! 5*****

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)