ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Film Review - The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas (Pajamas)

Updated on December 7, 2013

Film Review – The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas

I had no idea what The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas was about as I sat down to watch it. This is my review of the film.

Starring Asa Butterfield as Bruno, the 8 year old son of a senior German Officer in Hitler’s Germany sometime around the 2nd World War, we saw the world through a child’s eyes.

Living as Bruno did in a large elegant house in Berlin, one that always seemed to be full of German soldiers doing his father’s bidding, and personal servants, he gets told one day that the family were moving to the country. He naturally didn’t want to go, seeing as he’d be leaving his friends behind.

The movie opened with Bruno and his friends running through soldier-filled streets playing at being aeroplanes with their arms outstretched.

In the new house, a big forbidding looking structure, we watch as his 12 year old sister, Gretel, seems to start developing into a young woman, chatting up the ever-present soldiers and throwing away her dolls.

The boy was bored. No school. No friends. From his bedroom window he had seen what he thought was a farm in the fields nearby. At this farm were a lot of people who wore what he thought were striped pyjamas. There were children there who he wanted to befriend.

Concentration Camp

His parents were horrified to hear that his bedroom had this view. The farm was of course a Nazi Concentration Camp full of Jewish prisoners, but Bruno never did understand this, as no-one thought to explain to him, with him being so young.

His bedroom window was duly boarded up.

The father brings in a private tutor for the children. The tutor taught nothing more than German history and the importance of the Third Reich and the war effort.

The boy’s mother queried this teaching, but was told by her husband that this was German policy throughout the country at the time, to keep the next generation patriotic.

The household has a servant called Pavel, played by actor David Hayman, who one day helps Bruno by patching up his knee after he fell off his swing. That day, Bruno learned that Pavel was a doctor. He couldn’t understand why a doctor would give up medicine to peel potatoes! However, he accepted that perhaps Pavel wasn’t a very good doctor as he had given up his practise, and Bruno though he meant he had been practicing! i.e. hadn’t yet learned how to be a doctor.

He did wonder why Pavel wore his striped pyjamas, clearly seen at his ankles under more normal clothes, through the day.

Bruno's Discovery

Bruno was only allowed into the gated/walled and soldier-guarded front garden of this big imposing house. He longed to go round the back but he was forbidden.

One day, he went round and found a shed window he could climb through and escape to a wonderful tree-lined country pathway alongside a river.

Along this way, he came upon the barbed wire fencing of the encampment, and there was a small boy his age just inside the fence.

They strike up a friendship, even though Bruno has no understanding of why the boy was there. He learns eventually that the boy called Shmuel, played by Jack Scanlon, was a Jew. Because of his home-schooling classes he realises that Jews are supposed to be a horrible race of people that he is supposed to hate.

He cannot understand then why it is he likes little Shmuel, who of course is just a normal little boy like himself.

He sees the chimneys on a nearby hillside bellowing black smoke some days, and asks his mother and father what it is they are burning, as it smells awful. He never gets a straight answer. But it is obvious that his mother really doesn’t know, although during the course of the film she learns the horrible truth.

When she does learn, she turns against her husband. It is clear she is a good-hearted, decent person.

The two little boys discuss it one day, one inside the barbed wire fencing, the other outside. Shmuel doesn’t know what it is either. He assumes it to be old clothes or something, seeing as how all their clothes had been taken off them at arrival in camp.

Bruno's Betrayal

One day, Bruno is surprised to find his friend Shmuel inside his house. He asks what he is doing there and the reply was to the effect that they wanted someone with small hands to polish all the crystal glassware, of which there was a huge pile on the table in front of Shmuel.

There was also a tray of fresh-baked cakes in the room, and Bruno offers Shmuel some. He knows Shmuel is always hungry and had been smuggling food to him.

A German Officer came into the room and screamed at the boys as he demanded to know who gave Shmuel permission to eat the cake.

Shmuel pointed at Bruno and said they were friends and that Bruno had offered them to him.

Frightened by the Officer’s manner, Bruno then denied this and said he had never seen Shmuel before!

The camera then watched Bruno make many trips to the concentration camp but Shmuel is never there. Then one day he was back, sporting a hugely swollen eye and battered face.

Bruno apologises from the bottom of his heart and promises never to tell a lie like that again. It is clear he knows he owes his friend a lot and is keen to do anything to make things up. Shmuel shook his hand and said not to worry, or words to that effect.

The Boys' Plot

Not long after this, Bruno learns that his father has decided to send his wife and children away. He seems to have finally realised that living next door to a concentration camp in the middle of nowhere is not the best place to bring up children.

Bruno of course doesn’t want to go.

He goes to tell Shmuel, and that day learns that Shmuel’s father has gone missing.

History tells us now exactly what happened to the boy’s father, but at the time, neither child understood.

Bruno offers to help Shmuel find his father, next day. The two wee boys hatch up a plan, where Bruno takes a spade and digs a hole under the perimeter fence, and enters the compound with Shmuel, to find Shmuel's father. In Bruno’s head, finding the father will redeem him in his friend’s eyes for lying to the guards about the giving of cakes the day Shmuel was cleaning glasses.

Shmuel agrees to smuggle out a ‘uniform’ to him, and a hat to hide the fact that his head wasn’t shaved.

The Horrifying Ending

Next day, as the family is almost finished packing up to leave, Bruno asks his mother permission to go out and play on his tyre swing in the garden. He has stolen a sandwich from the kitchen for his friend.

He goes out, runs round the back and grabs a spade from the shed and sets off along the river bank. Arriving at the prison camp, he quickly changes into the ‘pyjamas’ his friend brought him and quickly digs a hole in the soft earth, and wriggles through the space he has created.

He finds he has lost the sandwich.

The two boys enter the camp. After a bit, Bruno suggests they go to the cafe, which brings a surprised look from his friend, because of course there is no cafe.

For the first time, the camera pans the inside of the camp, where thin, starving men are lounging around, some lying down, too weak to move.

They enter a hut chock full of sick-looking men and walk down its length, calling for Shmuel’s father. Just then the opposite door bursts open, and guards quickly hustle the crowd of men out and through the mud. By this time the Heavens have opened and it is pouring with rain.

The two boys are dragged along in the middle of the surge of men. They couldn’t free themselves even if they tried. Just two little boys dragged along with the crowd and into this big imposing building. There are pegs and bench seating, just like outside a gymnasium. The boys sit down and reassure themselves they are only there until it stops raining.

Then the prisoners get told to strip for a shower, and everyone complies, the boys included.

They get put in this room with no windows and a heavy metal door, and the light goes out. You see the German soldiers on the roof wearing masks against the gas which they then send into a tiny aperture in the roof of this sealed building.

Meanwhile, back at the house, there is an increasingly frantic search for Bruno. His father’s important meeting gets interrupted, much to his annoyance, until he realises his son is missing. Then there is a frantic search of the grounds. The missing sandwich is found, next to the open shed window. Tracker dogs lead his parents and other soldiers to the prison fence where he left his clothes and dug the hole.

By the time his parents realise where he is, it is too late.

I know I have given the ending away, but what a shocking film! Right up to the end, you hope against hope that he will be found in time, but it was not to be. Bruno and Shmuel died together holding hands, or at least is is assumed they did and the camera does not return into the gas chamber.

I think perhaps there is a lesson to be learned from this film.

Let the world never forget the atrocities committed by Nazi Germany. So many good men, women and children died all because they were the ‘wrong’ religion.

The film was based on the book of the same name, written by John Boyne


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from UK

      Thanks Arthur. It's a superb film, simple words here cannot begin to describe just how powerful it is.

    • arthurchappell profile image


      9 years ago from Manchester, England

      Tremendously powerful and brave film - it was obvious it couldn't end happily from the outset but nothing prepares you for the ending - it's incredibly moving material - great review too

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from UK

      I think I maybe shouldn't have given the ending away in this review - its just not done, so I might go back and change it. It would make no difference to you, of course, having read the book.

      The movie was great but I don't know how closely it followed the book. Historically, it wasn't factual, it seems. There are those who say there were no children in Auschwitz as they were all killed beforehand:(

    • nicnac profile image


      9 years ago from Ireland

      Good review.. have read the book and was so shocked by the ending I simply couldn't believe it.. then you realise, this crazy kind of stuff happened! Was at a war museum in London and followed the Holocaust from start to finish... to think this happened among humans! Will watch the movie after seeing this review, thanks!

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from UK

      Ha! Well we won't let them! This page here is up for eternity!

    • justmesuzanne profile image


      9 years ago from Texas

      Yes, of course it did. I think what they have to gain is a hope of pushing people to forget so that it can happen again - not necessarily to Jewish people, but rather to whoever happens to fit their witch-hunt criteria.

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from UK

      I don't understand where the Holocaust Deniers are coming from, nor what they have to gain. But I am certain the Holocaust happened.

    • justmesuzanne profile image


      9 years ago from Texas

      This was an excellent movie and a good book (though written for young teens). I am glad that those who are willing to remember continue to fight back against fools such as "Holocaust Deniers".

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from UK

      This is so true Isadora! We have become almost immune to human suffering, but I hope we never fail to be touched to the suffering of children.

    • IsadoraPandora profile image


      9 years ago from Tennessee

      This was a very good movie. Its one I think about often. Anytime children suffer--its the most awful thing in the world. :(

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      Seems nice, thanks for posting.

    • profile image

      jack rayner 

      10 years ago

      hi i love kieren

    • AndyCrane profile image


      10 years ago

      This was an amazing movie. I learned a lot about the horrors of that war through the eyes of a young child who just wants to make friends.

      Great hub!

      By the way, I am also an expat living in Costa Blanca. We could be neighbours!!


    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from UK

      Interestingly enough, I read a review on the same film recently by a proper film reviewer (ie not me) and they pointed out that the film was so historically inaccurate it was actually insulting to the Jews! Seems there were no 8 year old boys in Aushwitz ?sp) as they'd all been put to death immediately (children too young to work), and that everyone for miles around knew what was going on but later denied it and tried to wash their hands of responsibility. The film stirred a bit of a hornets nest among those who survived and their families, but I think it brought a horrendous incidence in history alive and one we should never be allowed to forget.

    • viking305 profile image

      L M Reid 

      10 years ago from Ireland

      That was a very good review and I enjoyed reading it. I haven't seen the film yet but I have seen trailers of it and read about it in other places.

      Yes the ending is very sad but it had to be really.

      History is best told in a personal way and the audience is meant to get to know and love the two boys so that they feel the loss. If they read or watched a load of facts about any subject in history it has no effect on them.

      Thanks again for an interesting hub

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from UK

      That is so true Lauren!Sometimes wish the world leaders could see the world through the eyes of a child. This world would be a different place.

    • profile image

      lauren craig 

      10 years ago

      for me it showed how children have a natural love inside that don't know hate unless they are taught, bruno was confused on the things he heard about the jews, all he knew is shumal was his friend and it didn't matter if he ws jewish or not, people want to say that racism is a disease that people are born with, well it is not, it is a learned behavior, teach love to our children not hate.

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from UK

      There wouldn't have been a dry eye in the cinemas showing it, that's for sure!

      Thanks for dropping by, Dale :)

    • Dale Mazurek profile image

      Dale Mazurek 

      10 years ago from Canada

      What a great review.

      It was a great movie and I know the ending was something I never expected. It was brilliantly done because Im sure no one expected that ending



    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from UK

      The ending made the story - and made it all the more poignant.I'm glad the film was made in that it is a constant reminder of the atrocities that happened. Not only does the film educate the younger generations, it keeps the world focussed on the idea of 'never again'.

      Thanks for commenting, Ulrike :)

    • UlrikeGrace profile image


      10 years ago from Canada

      What a good review...and yes you did give the ending away but I'm glad it would have been very hard to see. But we do need to be reminded of the horror of that time for the innocents as well as the guilty. And many people did not parents were ones such as these, it was awful...

    • IzzyM profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from UK

      Thanks Rachael:)

      I also was unaware before seeing this movie that the German people didn't have a clue what was going on. I thought the wife in this film showed her horror well.

      What other Holocaust for kids movies and books are out? I've got internet but no TV or newspapers so am not up-to-date on what is going on. I didn't know anything about this film befor it saw it either, so it was quite a shocker for me!

    • RachaelLefler profile image

      Rachael Lefler 

      10 years ago from Illinois

      Good hub, I liked how the movie showed that most Germans at the time were not actually aware of the Holocaust because it was a lot of secret military operations. Even nazi officers and police who specialized in other things might not have known.

      I'm kind of sick of Holocaust-4-kids themed movies and books though...


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)