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Writing A Rap Song

Updated on June 4, 2012

For part three in the How to write a song series we explore the exciting world of rap music. Rap music or hip-hop, call it want you want. Some people nitpick as if they are different. We won’t get into that debate; we’ll just refer to it as rap music for this tutorial.

Like the other forms of music, rap music has come a long way since its humble beginnings. Now as one of the most successful forms of music, we are all familiar with it in one way or another. So what makes a hot rap song? Well that depends. There are a few different types of rappers, here are a few:

  • The Underground rapper - These rappers, while excellent at what they do and usually having the best lyrical content, are unknown to the mainstream and receive very little airplay on major stations.
  • The Gangster Rapper - The Gangster rapper usually does not receive much airplay, the edited versions of his songs consist of 3 or 4 words. Getting shot is a prerequisite and a badge of honor in this field. There have been some good ones, but they're all dead.
  • The Mainstream Rapper - These are the rappers you hear on the radio. They usually have a duet with a well known pop star and will at some point become an actor.

Now let's go over the ingredients of a rap song:

  • Bravado – This is key to any rap song. Rappers have to be self confident, almost to a flaw. You’re going to want to brag about yourself, or what is called your swagger. There is no room for error, you are the richest, baddest, toughest guy in the room.
  • You’re a player – Not one to be tied down, you are a serious player. You go from one to the next, never staying too long. This is a young man's game, so brag about your previous exploits with women, as well as your future ones with other people's.
  • You don’t have to rhyme - Isn't that what rapping is? Let me explain, gone are the days when you would rhyme got with not, or red with bed. These constraints have been lifted, if a word doesn't rhyme, just bend it. For example:

Me and Lawrence, make it rain like torrents, hanging out with Florence in a benz that’s orange.

See what we did there? Technically that shouldn't rhyme, but you do what you've gotta do.

  • Have some guests – Either a singer for a hook, or a fellow rap artist to trade verses with, you want some company. This changes the pace of the song, and gives the rapper a break in the process. The bigger the name the better.
  • Stay ahead of the curve – Rap music, more than other genres, has to be fresh. A week old rap song is considered long in the tooth, after a month it’s ancient. Hence, the remix. The remix is a clever way to keep a song new and gives it a boost. You can add a verse, or guest, slap the word remix on it and you’re on your way. Puff Daddy was the best at this, sometimes remixing remixes and then remixing yet again until the song was back to the original, and no one was any wiser!
  • Metaphors - This is big, you have to make sure you use metaphors that have not been used before. Rapping that you are hot like the sun, or as cold as ice will not be accepted. Be sure to have fresh metaphors in your arsenal.
  • Repetition – Repeating yourself frequently helps get your point across. Sometimes this is used in rock music but it is critical in the rap game. Whatever you come up with for your hook or song title, remember, redundancy is key. Make sure to remember, redundancy is key.

Now let's put it all together:

(The DJ starts playing music and yelling, this goes on for up to a minute of the three minute song)

Uh huh, yeah………uh huh, yeah……..uh huh yeah…..I thought you knew……..uh huh yeah……….here we go...uh huh, yeah.....

I make it hot to death, I’m that dude you wanna see,

Verse after verse, I continue with urgency.

Ya girl in the corner, she’s only yours currently,

until I pull that cash, any type of currency.

She’s leaving with me, out the back like an emergency,

after that it’s a rap, like you committing perjury.

telling your lies, with all of that hyperbole,.

better go tell you're crew, ask them if they've heard of me.

(The Dj resumes yelling, this continues for the last minute of the three minute song)

Let's review the above rap. As the author, I do not in reality, make any situation "hot to death", nor do not have money to brag of. Sure I pay my bills on time, but I don't go to clubs, and I certainly do not flash any type of currency around. I also would not steal my advisary's girlfriend, I'm not very smooth around the ladies and my wife would kill me. Furthermore, I know nothing about perjury or juries besides what I've read in John Grisham novels. Lastly, most people have not heard of me, I am not well known or notorious. All of this is okay, as many rappers play fast and loose with the facts.

Remember, grammar is of no importance, although annoying when trying to spell check. In fact, it’s better to use improper than proper grammar in rap music. Be sure to portray yourself in a way that exudes confidence. Following these simple steps should help you craft a rap song that is sure to be a hit. Good Luck!


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    • weestro profile imageAUTHOR

      Pete Fanning 

      9 years ago from Virginia

      I think you can make the mask work, if not rapping it would be great for a dj! Either way, may I suggest Spart-I-Bus as a moniker? That way when you start ta cuss, it's hard ta fuss, okay you get it...

    • spartucusjones profile image

      CJ Baker 

      9 years ago from Parts Unknown

      Thank you for this invaluable resourse. I now know why my careear as the rapping luchador was going nowhere. With your life saving advice I am going to make some changes to my style and lyrical content (but the mask stays on).

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      thts a good rap lol

    • weestro profile imageAUTHOR

      Pete Fanning 

      9 years ago from Virginia

      Sure, I can help, what cha got?

    • profile image

      Ashadah John 

      9 years ago

      can u guys help me choose a tittle for this song i'm writing i really can't decide

    • weestro profile imageAUTHOR

      Pete Fanning 

      9 years ago from Virginia

      Word Tom, Thanks!

    • Tom Koecke profile image

      Tom Koecke 

      9 years ago from Tacoma, Washington

      Dis ish iz da shizzle!

    • weestro profile imageAUTHOR

      Pete Fanning 

      9 years ago from Virginia

      Glad you enjoyed it thriftykash!

    • thriftykash profile image


      9 years ago

      "Puff Daddy was the best at this, sometimes remixing remixes and then remixing yet again until the song was back to the original, and no one was any wiser!" lol

    • weestro profile imageAUTHOR

      Pete Fanning 

      9 years ago from Virginia

      Glad you enjoyed it Eiddwen, Thanks!

    • Eiddwen profile image


      9 years ago from Wales

      A very interesting hub and thanks for sharing.

      Here's to so many more to share on here.

      Take care and enjoy your day.


    • WD Curry 111 profile image

      WD Curry 111 

      9 years ago from Space Coast

      They probably have, they ended up with the DAT.

    • weestro profile imageAUTHOR

      Pete Fanning 

      9 years ago from Virginia

      That's pretty cool WD, and you can always remix it!

      The Cure, hilarious! Thanks for reading jenubouka!

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      You are so right, what kills me is when a rapper pairs up with a country song. It has been done, or how about remixing a pop song with a rap beat? Really guys, you have no material from your ghetto thug live and need to seek "the Cure" for some beats?


    • WD Curry 111 profile image

      WD Curry 111 

      9 years ago from Space Coast

      This cracked me up! I have done some session work at a local recording studio. I love the guy who runs it. He records and helps produce country, rock, swing, hip-hop, rap, whatever. I play harmonica and midi wind instrument (synthesizer).

      I was putting some sweet licks on a friends recording of a bluesy song. We had to wait on an underground rapper, Little Cochise. His group was wild! They were crazy and too funny to watch. He had five gold records (one went platinum) all from the southern club scene.

      Since they went into our time, we asked them to jam with us and see what we could do. They balked, "Come on, y'all can't hang with this."

      We just said, "Whatever, start playing."

      It is nothing but a loop, but I straightened it out on that midi horn. They loved it!

    • weestro profile imageAUTHOR

      Pete Fanning 

      9 years ago from Virginia

      Thanks Alecia, I'm glad you enjoyed it!

      Jeannie, don't box yourself in, I think you could be the next big crossover artists!

    • Jeannieinabottle profile image

      Jeannie Marie 

      9 years ago from Baltimore, MD

      Another extremely helpful installment in creating music. I thought I was going to be a country singer, but with this information, perhaps I will try rap instead. Thanks! Voted up and awesome!

    • Alecia Murphy profile image

      Alecia Murphy 

      9 years ago from Wilmington, North Carolina

      This is so funny Weestro! I wish I had thought of this myself but you're absolutely right. The mainstream rapper tries to be the gangsta rapper but needs the money worse so they team up with an auto-tuned pop star and make it rain. Awesome hub! I'm sharing this!


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