ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Easy Tips for Audio Mastering

Updated on March 12, 2013

Find out very easy tips for better audio mastering

Improve your audio mastering technique simply by following easy tips for better audio mastering provided by professional audio engineers.

This audio mastering tutorial contains 5 easy steps that every audio engineer should know and use in order to improve the mastering. When the audio mixing is great, doing the mastering is a pleasure. But what when the audio mixing is bad? In this case, sometimes the steps explained here may help, but in general they will work in every situation.

The recording studio of Paul 'Win' Winstanley. An audio engineer at mixing Audio Pros
The recording studio of Paul 'Win' Winstanley. An audio engineer at mixing Audio Pros

Audio Mastering Tips

There are many audio mastering tips you can use to prepare your audio mixes before you take them to the CD mastering studio. You need to know how to submit your prepared mixes so that you get the best sounds to use in songs. As a mastering engineer, you will have to start with a clean slate based on the master bus. You will also need to use a proper file format and type to make the most of your music.

Following are some of the audio mastering tips you need to internalise to make great music:

1. Getting Rid of Noise

As you pass over your mix, ensure you get rid of any pops or noise from the tracks. Where possible, you can use fades to cut out spots containing recorded noise. When you do this while mixing, the overall noise levels will be reduced to allow you to effectively compress and equalize the mix.

2. Keep the Mix Dynamic and Clean

It is not advisable to overuse processors such as compressors (dynamic processors) on the master mix bus. This can end up destroying the mix and making it impossible to create a great master.

Unless you are looking for a specific sound from the master bus processor, you would be better advised to go for audio mastering that is free of plugins and outboard processing. If you will undertake master bus processing, ensure the mastering engineer knows about its settings and type.

3. Levels

Another of the audio mastering tips you should never forget is that the loudest section in your mix should not peak over - 3db from the master bus. You should also not use limiter sets on your master bus.

The final dynamic level and control should be relegated to the mastering engineering experts. The engineer will be better placed to create the right dynamic levels for mp3, CD or radio play duplication.

4. File Submission

- Lossless file

This is a file which has the exact data that needs to be reconstructed. It retains the audio quality

- Lossy file

This file contains approximations of the data that has to get reconstructed. It degrades the audio quality. You should never use lossy file formats when you submit audio files for mastering

The most popular mastering file types include .WAV and .AIFF. Both of them are lossless (non- compresses/ converted). Most mastering engineers will find it easy to work with both of these file types.

Anyway, WAV files will mostly be used on PCs while AIFF files are traditionally engineered on Mac systems. Therefore, you need to ensure that the mastering studio you choose can work easily with the format you selected.

The other audio mastering tip you need to remember is that when you submit a mix to get mastered, you should keep the file in the resolution in which it was mixed (with no down conversions).

For instance, a song that was mixed at 24 bit 96 kHz needs to be submitted as a 24 bit 96 kHz file (.AIFF or .WAV).

5. Use Reference Songs

When you submit masters or mixes of a song that were previously done, you need to include some reference sounds with a sound similar to that you desire. This will give the audio mastering engineer a rough idea about the vision you have for your music. You could refer to bands that inspire you or which sounds that are similar to those you like. Whatever the case, be diligent in your audio mastering techniques to achieve the best sounds for your music.

Amazon Recommendation - Recommended for audio engineers

New Guestbook Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)