The first steps in negotiating the minefield of baby weaning
A composite approach
The subject of weaning seems to produce a lot of conflicting advice, parent competitiveness and general fear and loathing. What starts off as excitement about baby's first slurps can very often descend into panic, frustration and upset. Weaning isn't rocket science - and certainly isn't an exact science - yet it can easily become over-complicated and a chore. However, it doesn't have to be like that. Yes, in the initial stages you will need to do extra work if you have decided to boycott all pre-prepared baby food but you can quickly progress to a stage where a large proportion of what you make for the rest of the family can be used for your little one (omitting salt and very strong spices).
Aside from when to start (which is generally advised to be from six months WHO recommendation), one of the first weaning issues seems to be the apparent pressure to decide what 'style' of weaning you will use: baby-led versus traditional spoon-feeding. Finger foods allow babies to self-feed and stimulates their interest in food (and most babies seem to enjoy), but spoon-fed purees give a much better idea of how much they've eaten and therefore provide greater parental control. It's almost as if the style you choose defines what kind of parent you are. Nobody really seems to talk about a combination - or a composite - approach, which blends the two styles and takes inspiration from different sources. However, it's easy to combine them for a flexible and common sense approach to weaning.
Again, no discussion of a combination approach
- BBC News - Spoon feeding makes babies fatter
Babies weaned on pureed food tend to end up fatter than infants whose first tastes are finger food, researchers believe.
Pros and cons
With a number of pros and cons for each method, a composite approach makes sense.
- Greater independence
- Develops pincer grasp/fine motor skills
- Self regulate food intake - learn to understand huger cues
- Linked with lower instances of obesity in later life
- Potential for iron deficiency
- Choking more likely
- More difficult to ascertain whether baby has eaten enough
- Fewer foods that can be offered as not all suitable as finger foods
- Parent is able to monitor more easily how much is consumed
- Greater variety of food can be offered
- Baby can eat the same as the rest of the family
- Easier to make nutritionally balanced meals
- Lack of child independence
- Has been linked to obesity as child could keep eating until parent decides they've had enough
- Don't understand hunger cues so well
Where to begin?
In the beginning, one 'meal' a day - a couple of spoons - is fine. The aim is to introduce the concept of food; different flavours and textures. At this early stage the actual nutritional value is secondary (obviously this isn't carte blanche to introduce things that are actually bad for your baby!) as your little one's nutritional needs will be predominantly satisfied by their milk feeds.
Baby rice on its own is bland but is a good starting point nonetheless; progressing pretty quickly and combining it with steamed fruits for a breakfast and using it to bulk up vegetable purees will probably do your baby a lot of favours and within a few weeks it will probably have served its purpose. Don't be afraid to move fast and up 'meals' to three a day if your baby enjoys it. Don't worry, in the early stages this won't affect their milk intake, this will only properly start to decrease when proteins are introduced. Trust your instincts, if they're a little unsure then stick to one meal of a couple of spoons a day for a while. However, if your little one is enjoying baby rice and steamed fruit and simple vegetable purees then give them as much as they want.
Once you're properly up and running, introduce lumpier textures, replace the baby rice - which you may have been giving at breakfast - with a baby cereal or a low salt and sugar 'adult' porridge or wheat cereal; mash vegetables instead of pureeing or give them as finger foods.
Also there is nothing wrong with using frozen vegetables to supplement fresh fruit and veg. In the case of things such as peas, the frozen variety can often surpass the fresh as they are frozen within a couple of hours of being picked so very few nutrients are lost.
Examples of baby's first foods (first couple of weeks)
- Sweet potato puree
- Brocoli and potato puree
- Cauliflower puree
- Carrot, baby rice and baby's usual milk
- Baby rice and mashed fruit (banana, steamed apple, steamed pear)
- Mashed avocado
Next couple of weeks
- Big pasta with grated cheese as a finger food or very small pasta to spoon feed
- Pasta with simple tomato sauce
- Omelette (well cooked) with cheese, spinach etc
- Cauliflower and brocolli in cheese sauce
- Vegetable puree with couscous
- Steamed vegetables as a finger food (green beans, mange tout, tender stem broccoli, carrots etc)
- Rice cakes
- Fingers of cheese
- Cherry tomatoes (cut into non-chokeable pieces!)
Then the real fun starts and you can start introducing proteins and more complex combinations as well as adapt your family favourites.
Tried and tested baby weaning recipes
- Easy fish pie for babies
An easy take on a classic fish dish that pleases even the fussiest of young palates. A perfect meal for babies of seven months plus.
- Tried and tested baby weaning recipe - easy veg curry