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Baby Vaccinations and Immunization Schedule

Updated on April 20, 2010

Baby vaccinations

The vaccinations also called immunizations are very effective and give infants power to resist contagious and serious health conditions. This will protect the babies against many diseases such as tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, measles, mumps, polio virus, hepatitis B and Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria.This immunization and vaccination schedule may vary depending upon where you live, your child's health, the type of vaccine, and the vaccines available. Ask your doctor about which vaccines your child should receive. Check with your doctor or nurse to make sure your baby is getting immunized on time. Also make sure you ask your doctor or nurse to give you a record card with all the dates of your baby's shots and be sure to bring it to every visit.

Your baby need vaccinations or immunizations due to the following reasons. Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material in the infant's body. The importance of immunization is that it helps to protect the infant's body against any infectious disease. It offers the life- long protection and security to the infant against deadly diseases which might invade its body any time throughout its life.

Your baby's vaccination and immunization schedule may recommend the following vaccines:

  • Birth- Hepatitis B
  • 1-2 months- hepatitis B
  • 2 months- DTaP (diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis) vaccine, Hib vaccine, polio vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)
  • 4 months- DTaP, Hib vaccine, polio vaccine, PCV.
  • 6 months- DTaP, Hib, polio (6-18 months), PCV, hepatitis B (6-18 months)
  • 12 months- MMR (12-15 months), Hib (12-15 months), chicken pox (12-18 months), PCV (12-15 months)
  • 15 months- DTap (12-18 months)

Always ask your health care provider for more details.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends that babies receive the following vaccinations or immunizations (health care providers often use initials when they talk about these vaccinations):

Baby vaccinations schedule
Baby vaccinations schedule

1. Diphtheria, Tetanus and Pertussis Vaccines (DTaP): Diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis are serious diseases caused by bacteria. Diphtheria and Pertussis are spread from person to person. Tetanus enters the body through cuts or wounds.

Diphtheria causes a thick covering in the back of the throat and nose. It can lead to breathing problems, paralysis and heart attack.

Tetanus (Lockjaw) Vaccine: Tetanus causes painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body. It can lead to locking of the jaw so the baby cannot open his mouth or swallow.

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) vaccine: Pertussis causes coughing spells so bad that is hard for babies to eat, drink, or breathe. These spells can last for weeks. It can lead to pneumonia, seizures and brain damage.

Diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine (DTaP) can help prevent these diseases. Most babies who are vaccinated with DTaP will be protected throughout childhood.

Babies should get 5 doses of DTaP vaccine or immunization, one dose at each of the following ages:

  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6 months
  • 15-18 months
  • 4-6 years


Side effects of DTaP vaccine

  • Babies may get fever
  • Redness or swelling of the baby where the vaccine was given
  • Soreness or tenderness where the vaccine was given.
  • Some babies may get fussy after the vaccine was given.
  • Tiredness or poor appetite


2. Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib) Vaccination

Haemophilus Influenzae type b (Hib) disease is a serious disease caused by a bacteria. It usually strikes children under 5 years of age. Hib disease can cause pneumonia, severe swelling in the throat, making it hard for babies to breathe, infections of the blood, joints, bones, and covering of the heart.

Babies should get 4 doses of Hib vaccine, one dose at each of the following ages:

  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6 months
  • 12-15 months

Side effects of Hib vaccination

1. Babies may get fever

2. Redness or swelling of the baby where the vaccine was given.

Hib vaccine can prevent Hib disease.

3. Hepatitis B Vaccine

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a serious disease. Hepatitis B virus can cause short-term illness such as loss of appetite, diarrrhea and vomitting, tiredness, jaundice (yellow skin or eyes). It can also cause long-term illness such as liver damage (cirrhosis) and liver cancer. Hepatitis B vaccine can prevent hepatitis B virus. It is the first anti-cancer vaccine because it can prevent a form of liver cancer.

Babies should get 3 doses of hepatitis vaccine according to the following schedule. If you miss a dose or get behind schedule, get the next dose as soon as you can. There is no need to start over.

  • Birth to 2 months of age
  • 1-4 months of age (at least 1 month after first dose)
  • 6-18 months of age

Side effects of Hepatitis B vaccine

1. Soreness of the baby where the vaccination or immunization shot was given, lasting a day or two.

2. Babies may get fever.

4. MMR (measles, mumps and rubella) vaccine:

MMR vaccine protects against 3 viruses: Measles, mumps and rubella (German measles). Many parents choose the MMRV vaccine instead of the MMR, except that it includes protection against the varicella virus, which causes chicken pox.

Measles is a highly contagious illness. The main symptoms are a fever, runny nose, cough, rash and eye irritation. Other complications include pneumonia, ear infections, diarrhea, seizures and brain damage.

Mumps is a viral infection that typically causes a fever, headache and inflammation of the glands under the jaw. It can lead to meningitis and encephalitis. It can also cause painful swelling of the testicles or ovaries.

Rubella also called German measles, is characterized by a pinkish red rash that starts on the face, a mild fever, and swollen lymph nodes. It's possible, however, to have rubella without any symptoms. Rubellais a mild illness that runs its course in about three days, but if a woman gets it during pregnancy, it can cause miscarriage or birth defects in her baby including deafness, eye problems, heart defects, and mental retardation.

Babies should get 2 doses of MMR vaccine according to the following schedule.

  • Between 12 to 15 months
  • Between 4 and 6 years old - although the second dose can be given at any time as long as it's at least 28 days after the first.

To track your baby's immunizations visit BabyCenter's Vaccination or Immunization Scheduler.

Side effects of MMR vaccine:

1. Baby may get fever.

2. Swelling and rashes can occur where the vaccine was given.

Baby immunization schedule
Baby immunization schedule

5. Polio Vaccine

Polio is a disease caused by a virus. It enters a child's (or adult's) body through the mouth. Sometimes it does not cause serious illness. But sometimes it causes paralysis. Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) can prevent polio. IPV is a shot, given in the leg or arm, depending on age. Most people should get polio vaccine when they are children. Children should get 4 doses of IPV at these ages.

  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6-18 months
  • 4-6 years

Side effects of polio vaccine

Some babies who get IPV get a sore spot where the vaccine was given.

6. Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine:

Infection with streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria can cause serious illness. It is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in the United states. (Meningitis is an infection of the covering of the brain).

Babies should get 4 doses of immunization, one dose at each of these ages:

  • 2 months
  • 4 months
  • 6 months
  • 12-15 months

The number of doses needed depends on the child's age. Always ask your health care provider for more details.

Side effects of Pneumococcal Conjugate vaccine:

1. Baby may get fever.

2. Redness or swelling can occur where the vaccine was given.

3. Some baby also became fussy or drowsy, or had a loss of appetite.


You should always consult with your baby's health care provider or pediatrician for an exact vaccination and immunization schedule for your baby.


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    • profile image

      Charles Leathers 

      5 years ago

      Could it have been dangerous for a baby to get all it's baby shots at once in 1968? Could it have caused brain damage?

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      after the bcg injection and the injection of the tigh which injection the baby must do again i want to know please

    • jule729 profile image


      6 years ago

      This is very useful! IPD /Pneumococcal is one of the most expensive vaccines in the Philippines. The Philippine government can't cover the expenses for this vaccines. It will cost 85- 120 US dollars (or 3500 pesos to 5000 pesos) per shot.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Don't talk as if you are in the medical field. Im a medtech so i know how a bacteria/virus/fungal can harm you and be transferred to you... it doesn't mean that you are virgin your baby is protected from hepa.. helo???? your baby is being vaccinated to protect him form the said antigen. its irriversible, once you had the infection, its forever.. so don't act as if you know it all.. don't question the doctors.. your so pathetic.. NAÏVE!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Wake up people! Vaccines are probably one of the most important, if not the most important, medical advancements in history. It is the reason why we live in a world without smallpox today. Statistics tell us that life threatening cases of pneumonia and meningitis have decreased dramatically since pneumococcal and Hib vaccines were introduced. The measles vaccine not only protects your child from the acute disease but the complications such as SSPE ( that HAS NO CURE, and will kill the patient within two years from onset. This PREVENTABLE disease still exists today in countries where vaccination programs are not comprehensive and in certain cultures who do not believe in them. Vaccination is every child's RIGHT. Unvaccinated children not only are exposed to these potentially lethal diseases, they also put younger, unvaccinated children at risk of being infected. Not vaccinating your child is not only dangerous, it is also irresponsible.

      So please, educate yourselves. Yes, there may be side effects, but like any other drug, these vaccines are approved because the BENEFIT FAR OUTWEIGHS THE RISK.

      And if you heard of the news that MMR vaccine is related to autism, this is what happened to the author who made this claim:

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      i am also a bit confused now..........

      my son turned 5 and is due for the 4-6 immunization

      i am starting to procrastinate.......

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I'm so confused on what to do

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      do you know what its people like some of u with negative attitudes that caused me to have stress and sleepless nights and tearful days worrying what the heck to do because i bacame petrafied to immunize my son after the gossip of know it alls and opinionated people but i decided to immunize anyway, YES some jabs arent nessasary and YES some children do have side effects but these jabs have been reserched and around for a long time and my son has had them all and is FINE aswell as many of my friends children and family who also had it YEARS AGO so ...would it still be around if it was dangereous ?? some children may react YES but no more than to an allergy of some sort ,truth is nobody knows how the child will react but all i know is id rather immunize and be safe than sorry as some of these illnesses are SERIOUS and do u want to take the risk on your child gettin them ?? personal choice ...i know what id rather !!!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Let me tell you, if it weren't for these vaccines your child probably wouldn't exist because YOU probably wouldn't exist. Vaccines are a blessing. Learn the word correlation. It might help you in your future decision making. Remember you're not only deciding for your child, but also for the populous.

    • profile image

      chrissy white 

      7 years ago

      Can it be dangerous if my child aged 6 months gets the MMr vaccination

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      m very thankful to u for give this all type of knowledge for bady's lookafter. I like dis all very much. In joint family we don't hav very much need of this topics,becoz of elders. They guide us time to time. But in nuclear family this is helps us like our elders and parents. This is helpful, awesum

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Yes, for the Naturopathic Doctor, I feel the way you do, but I am not sure how to detox an infant 5 months. She is on her first foods. Could you let me know what you used for your children please? Also, to the dr in training. You are a bit rude, thinking you know it all. I have three family members who have had seizures due to vaccines and my friends baby died the day she got the DTAP, so DON"T TELL ME I AM A FOOL. You don't know other peoples situations and reactions. If you are going to be a Dr. (which you are not yet) you need to learn to listen. Remember, you work for the parents. They will not be your patient if your trying to make them feel like fools. We have mother instincts, much more powerful that any textbook will ever teach you. Learn to listen and be a bit a more tactful, if you want a successful career.

    • rodrigur2 profile image


      7 years ago

      Thank you for making a summary of the shots needed for babies. I was looking for a list and this was the best lists of shots that i could find through google search!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      As a Naturopathic Doctor I have to say this: the vaccines that are given to each and every one of us are loaded with mercury and/or aluminum. This is toxic to the system and these are the ingredients that are causing all of these side effects. One of the biggest issues are nervous system disorders and these are all caused from the toxic levels of metals that accumulate in our systems. Some shots even contain BORAX!!! Don't tell me that this is SAFE!!! Please do your research. I have had my children vaccinated, however, I always treat them with "heavy metal detox" afterward. They still benefit from the vaccine while removing the harmful metals from the body. I think that children cannot handle the amount of mercury that is measured in these vaccinations. Personally I do not think they need any of them until they actually start school or daycare. My daughter had the Hep B vaccine at birth and I regret it to this day. She came home from the hospital with jaundice and I still believe that her liver & nervous system are stressed from that shot. I am now in the process of giving her a gentle cleanse. I don't think anyone can say one way or the other what is right or what is wrong. We want to do what is best for our kids/families and we have the right to some honest education before making those choices. The magic word here is HONEST.

    • profile image

      doc in training 

      7 years ago

      I think the problem with many persons today is that they swallow any foolish dribble that comes on the internet and the news. I am training to be a physician and I am currently on a paediatric rotation and one of the biggest topics of well baby care is proper immunization.

      For those who believe that vaccinations can cause developmental problems you are fools because after investigation into that study it was proven that all of the data supporting that argument was FALSE!! Try to spend as much time on finding the truth as you do the lies.

      You cannot claim that it might have been a conspiracy to make more money from Pharmaceutical companies when in actuality vaccinations do not make much money because they are controlled in price by WHO and other governmental agencies...they would actually profit more from the fools who didn't vaccinate their children and contracted PREVENTABLE diseases that can become FATAL once contracted.

      For the mother who think that Hep B is only contracted via sex you need to crack open a book or click on a website and read the methods of contraction....blood from any infected individual...meaning if your child is in daycare they can get from an infected child who bled. In any event if they want to attend an institute of higher learning they will have to get that same vaccination or the booster(if they had it before) anyway.

      And for those non believers you can start believing because after many years of vaccinating against whooping cough/pertussis and managing to control the outbreaks, the parents who decided to not vaccinate just made their children more susceptible to catch it from adults and other children which is becoming a problem in the US as we speak. WAKEUP!!! stop following the latest mommy trend these are your children and they deserve the best life free of as many diseases as they can.

      Do you relize that you cannot even accuse me of wanting money from vaccinations because the cost of a vaccination is nothing compared to the cost of treating you child who may die...and by the way weren't you not vaccinated and you survived and your friends and family? Are they all autistic and developmentally challenged? How selfish of you to be vaccinated and survive and not want to give your children the same protection? And I assure you that most doctors immunize their children.

      I hope you parents wake up and spend more time caring for your children and know that vaccinations are what's best for them,especially at this young age.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      In addition to educating yourself prior to having your child vaccinated, it is still prudent to closely track vaccinations for our children, since we no not know what future studies may find on this subject.

      We have three daughters and found a simple Excel spreadsheet provides a simple method of tracking the child, doctor, vaccination, date and any other information. There are also online web-sites and desktop software which will help with this. (I use a program called Lifelong PHR which does the job nicely.)

      The records will come in handy in the future, should we need them.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      There is a great book simply called The Vaccine Book by Dr. Sears. Every parent should read and consider this information and make an educated choice about what is right for their child/family. Immunizing isn't wrong, but we need to take control of our healthcare choices by educating ourselves of the true risks before vaccinating out of fear b/c the medical community says we should.

    • profile image

      RS. Bio. Undergrad 

      8 years ago

      Quite a few of you parents seem a bit uneducated. There is no empirical evidence that vaccines are the cause of psychological disorders, such as: ADD, ADHD, Autism etc. Statistical evidence shows that America has a higher rate of these disorders compared to that of Europe and other countries; furthermore, these countries purchase and use the EXACT same vaccines we give our children, to that of theirs.

      The quantity of dosages given at a time have no contraindications toward each other, as well as no HARSH effects on the child. As with any engineered vaccine, side effects MAY occur, due to the fact that foreign substance are being introduced into the body, though, these foreign particles are not by any means lethal or as sever as the pure bacteria/virus themselves.

      It is a wise choice to get your children vaccinated by means of sufficient modern medicine, rather than to have them develop a potentially lethal disease.

    • profile image

      a. k. Y. 

      8 years ago

      As a mother of two, of course I worry about every little thing. I even give my children organic everything. However, I also work in a children's hospital. I have seen Measles, whopping cough, etc. I will take the minute chance that my child will suffer the adverse side effect vs the possiblility of some of these diseases. At least immunize yourself against whopping cough. You can't imagine what it would be like to watch your child gasp for air.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Very informative.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      This is a good information for new moms. Every mom should keep track on their baby's immunization records and be aware also of how much does baby's immunization cost.


    • profile image


      9 years ago

      I'm a public school educator and from the first year of my career until now I have never encoutered such a drastic increase in students will learning disabilities as well as mental and physical. It is quite obvious that something is triggiring this and most educators would strongly agree that vacinnation intake have increased over the years, the large quantity/dosage given at one time and the chemicals involved.

      PLEASE do your homework (LOL) before vaccinating your own children if you love them and don't follow the crowd. Why are doctors choosing only certain vaccinations and others none whatsoever for their own families. Be wise and educate yourself.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      I completely disagree with some vaccines. My husband and I were both virgins when we married and don't have any sexual diseases; therefore, I will NOT have my baby vaccinated for Hepatitis B. This is simply one example. I wish people would acctually research what is injected in their children instead of believing the government. Seriously!

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      hep b vaccine is no good!oh ya mercury in vaccines .im a herbalist and i would suggest you doctors wake up and run the show ,not the show running you!

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      look up what the hep b can do !it can kill !


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