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Sensitive Parameters of The Adolescence Period

Updated on April 28, 2020
bsharan12 profile image

Dealing with adolescents at high school is a very sensitive and important part. This is a period when they are between 9 and 19 years old.

Explanation

A child's journey of life starts at the age of five. But the hurdles of this young life begin on reaching the age of nine.

Henceforth this journey is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. This period is known as the adolescence period.

This adolescence period is broken up into the following three broad categories:

  • Early Adolescence
  • Middle Adolescence
  • Late Adolescence

The early adolescence of children varies between the ages of 9 to 12 years of age.

The middle adolescence varies between the ages of 13 to 15 years.

The late adolescence period covers the ages of 16 to 19 years.

During these ages, the children are a confused lot regarding their status in the family and society. They are neither considered children nor adults.

Adolescent Periods

This period in children’s lives is of great prominence. Every adult as a child goes through this state.

The transitional phase of this time brings about physical and psychological development in children. It occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood.

The period of early adolescence in children that occurs between 9 and 12 years is known as the ‘preteen’ or ‘tween’ years.

The period between 13 to 19, the middle and later adolescence period, is referred to as the ‘teenage’ of children.

Memorable Quote

" If we refuse to accept as

inevitable, the irresponsibility

and educational unconcern of

the adolescent culture,

then this poses a serious challenge."

- James S. Coleman

Basic Needs and Demands

The children, during this period, are confused regarding themselves. They face the following problems:

  • Identity and existence to be defined
  • They want acceptance of their thoughts and ideas
  • They desire their responsibilities to be defined and fixed

The first confusion for them Is regarding their identity and existence in the family. They require that their parents clarify their identity and status.

At this stage, these youngsters are more close to their peers and schoolmates. They have their own viewpoints and ideas of lifestyle.

They usually demand these being accepted by parents and society.

The last feelings are that their responsibilities and duties at home be defined and thrashed out with mutual consent.

Development Traits

The adolescence period is a critical time of identity formation. It comes with an explosion in physical. Intellectual, and social growth along with the onset of puberty.

At this stage, these adolescents have fully developed physical traits similar to adults.

As they interact with their peers they form their own opinions and ideas, thus gaining a distinct identity of their own. This clashes with their guardian's opinion.

These developments require a patient understanding and handling, because of its nature, and scope, by parents.

Times of Stress, Storm, and Crisis

A huge barrier can build up between parents and children during this period of adolescence if elders are not alert and watchful.

One big reason being the rapidly developing physical and emotional changes taking place in children.

These changes though normal but exciting for youngsters are equally confusing and uncomfortable to both sides.

Parents are hesitant to talk freely about it to their kids. The children demand explanations either at home or at school.

The desire to mix freely with the opposite sex grows greater day by day in adolescents.

Hence sex education by trustworthy teachers and parents alike is of utmost importance nowadays.

Dissimilar Experiences

Experiences undergone by children during these times are not similar. It depends on the family composition, economic conditions, and places of residence.

The differences in economic status can bring about sea changes in the lifestyle of kids during their adolescence.

Race, religion, and cultural heritage along with their economic condition also affect their experiences of life. This makes them hesitant and more confused as they grow up.

Achievable Tasks

The adolescents are supposed to achieve some tasks during this time. Some work they do as a matter of routine similar to others of their age group.

The tasks done and desired by them are usually the following:

  • They seek mature relationships with peers of their age and are attracted to the opposite sex.
  • The boys and girls desire to play appropriate masculine and feminine roles as per their build.
  • They also want to be assigned socially responsible roles in their family.
  • In the late adolescent stage, they start dating peers of the opposite sex. These friendships they wish to culminate in marriage and then desire a family.
  • All the above behavior leads them to acquire set values and guidelines for their future lives.

Important Quote

"To an adolescent, there

is nothing in the world

more embarrassing

then a parent."

- Dave Barry

Conclusion

The above traits of the adolescence period are not as simple as they appear. It is a traumatic time in the relationship between children and parents.

It sometimes has adverse effects on society also.

In their desire for some responsible role their pleas are rejected outright. They are reprimanded curtly.

They are told they are not mature enough to be given responsibilities.

On the other hand, they get scolded on the slightest mistakes and reminded that they are mature enough to refrain from such silliness.

These add to their miseries and sulkiness. It dawns on them that they are an unwanted lot. Thus they seek solace from peers.

Hence it is important for parents, guardians and all grown-ups to give them patient hearings. They should not only comfort them but also give them practical support.

The parents, especially mothers have a more important role to play. Adolescents turn towards their moms for support and guidance.

Matters should be discussed in family sittings and sorted out. Responsibilities should in small measures be doled out proportionately so that they are not burdened.

As they are made to feel responsible they will work diligently and remain on the family and social track.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2020 Bharat Sharan

Comments

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    • bsharan12 profile imageAUTHOR

      Bharat Sharan 

      4 weeks ago from Dhanbad

      Thanks, Muraliji for your support

    • hmkrishna profile image

      Halemane Muralikrishna 

      4 weeks ago from South India

      Mr Bharat Sharan, you have very elaborately described the thoughts and behaviours of tweens, teens and young adults. It shows your intimate experience and personal handling of these age groups. Before reading this, I never thought there are such diverse and in-depth behaviours present in that age-group. Even though we have passed that period, times and comforts, as well as technologies, are different now. So, by this reading, it will be more helpful for me to handle adolescents in a more friendly manner.

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 

      4 weeks ago from USA

      I’m glad that my child is through the teen years. I enjoyed it but she didn’t.

    • Ericdierker profile image

      Eric Dierker 

      4 weeks ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

      You write this as though it is "all". I think you have good points but the are more align with "some". My children have had a healthy dose of rebellion which was all to the fine. A parent freaking over it and letting their ego override listening is the problem, not the child, normally.

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