Irish Ancestry - Vital Records: What They Contain and Where to Find Them
Civil Registrations in Ireland
New Years Day of 1864 saw the beginning of civil registration in Ireland, and all births, deaths and marriages have been recorded since, at least in theory. Some births went unrecorded, especially in the early stages of civil registration and particularly with country folk who may have had to travel long distances to register.
The following is a summary of what these registers contain and where to find them if searching for an ancestor who was Irish.
The Irish birth certificate contains:
Person’s date of birth
Name of person
Sex of person
Mother’s maiden name
Father’s name, address and occupation
Informants name, residence and qualification (usually their relationship with the subject or legal standing)
At the head of the birth certificate will be found the name of the county and the division within in which the birth was originally registered. The real value of an Irish birth certificate is that it can provide you with the difficult-to-find name of the townland where your ancestor was born. A bit of caution should be exercised with the actual birth date on these certificates, as sometimes the birth was recorded sometime after the actual event. Fines were imposed on those who waited too long, so occasionally the dates were fiddled.
Marriage certificates provide a wide range of useful information, and because they contain the names of both parties, are often the easiest civil records to locate. Marriage certificates contain many details which may prove useful to a genealogist, even providing a link or lead to the next generation. They will tell you:
Name of the parish, The Poor Law Union and county
Name of Church
]date of marriage
Names of bride and groom
Ages of bride and groom
Occupation, rank or profession of married parties
Address of married parties
Names and occupations of fathers of bride and groom
Names of witnesses
Death certificates are considered the least prized of civil registration papers by genealogists. This is due to the common inaccuracies they might contain. Some ages in death certificates can be up to ten years off, and cannot be guaranteed to be correct. Often the heads of families rounded off the ages of their dead relatives to the nearest whole number, so differences of 4 and 5 years are quite common. They can provide you though with:
Location of death
Former occupation of the deceased
Cause of death
Name of the informant and their relationship with the deceased
The age, though possibly inaccurate, can provide you with an approximate guide as to when the person was born, which will help in your search of a birth certificate.
How to Obtain an Irish Birth, Death or Marriage Certificate
All records that predate the separation of Northern Ireland and the now Republic of Ireland are held at the General Registers Office in Roscommon. The GRO also maintain a genealogical/family history research facility at 3rd Floor, Block 7, Irish Life Centre, Lower Abbey Street, Dublin 1.
The Research facility is open Monday to Friday, (excluding public holidays) from 9.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. for the purpose of searching indexes to birth, death and marriage records and for obtaining photocopies of records identified from the indexes.
Indexes in relation to the following records of life events are available for inspection at the Research Facility:
1. Births registered in the island of Ireland between 1st January 1864 and 31 December 1921 inclusive and in Ireland (excluding the six north-eastern counties of Derry, Antrim, Down, Armagh, Fermanagh, and Tyrone known as Northern Ireland) from 1922 onwards.
2. Deaths registered in the island of Ireland between 1st January 1864 and 31st December 1921 inclusive and in Ireland (excluding Northern Ireland) from 1922 onwards.
3. Non-Roman Catholic Marriages registered in the island of Ireland between 1st April 1845 and 31st December 1863 inclusive.
4. Marriages registered in the island of Ireland between 1st January 1864 and 31st December 1921 inclusive and in Ireland (excluding Northern Ireland) from 1922 onwards.
5. Legal Domestic Adoptions registered in Ireland from 10th July 1953 onwards.
Vital Records Tips
Vital Records and More!
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If you have vital information on your ancestor, obtaining the relevant certificate is a fairly easy process. The Irish Government now makes this service available online, and with a few clicks of the mouse you can download and fill out an application form. The website to visit is that of the General Registration Office which issues certified copies of all certificates. The GRO website also provides other useful information regarding their research facility and what other records they have available at their location in Dublin. If your ancestor was from Northern Ireland, the relevant website to order a copy from the Belfast Branch.
Due to the popularity of genealogy today, there are a growing number of other online databases available to the public. For most there is a fee that varies from website to website and is dependent on the type of search involved. Below is a listing of tried and trusted websites where you can access online databases and associated records.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints has an extensive microfilm collection of Irish civil registers.
The Irish Family History Foundation has begun compiling an online database that now contains the largest collection of Parish records for the island of Ireland that are searchable online. The organization is the co-coordinating body for a network of government approved genealogical research centers in the Republic of Ireland and in Northern Ireland. They have computerized nearly 40 million Irish Ancestral records, primarily Church births (baptisms), marriages, and deaths. Keep in mind that the database is not yet complete, but their website makes it very clear which records are available and which not.
Vital records are an important part of a family history project. Sometimes you may not be able to locate vital records however, in which case you may need to consult other major record type such as Census reports, Church records, Land records, and Poor Law and Workhouse records.