ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Ask Carb Diva: Questions & Answers About Food, Recipes, & Cooking, #16

Updated on February 2, 2019
Carb Diva profile image

Linda explores food facts, folklore, and fabulous recipes, one ingredient at a time.

There's still a chill in the air, but I sense that Spring is around the corner. All of the garden shops are filled with brilliant-colored primroses, purple pansies, and pink hellebore's. Happiness is just one porch-pot away.

If you are new to this series, let me quickly explain how it works. If you have cooking questions I have cooking answers. Is there a cooking term that puzzles you or a technique you don't understand? Perhaps you need help finding the recipe for a specific type of food or dietary need. Leave your queries in the comments section below and next Monday, in Installment #17, I will have an answer for you. I promise.

The mailbox was filled with great questions again this week, so let's get started.

Low Fat Alfredo Sauce

Is there such a thing as a white sauce, for pasta, which is a low cholesterol sauce?


Bill, what a great question. There is nothing more comforting, rich, and indulgent than pasta with a silky, creamy alfredo sauce. But, the typical recipe is anything BUT heart-healthy. Heavy doses of butter and whipping cream make the cholesterol numbers soar through the roof.

The food experts at Cooking Light have developed two recipes which have all of the rich flavors but none of the guilt. One contains bacon (yes real bacon), and the second one is thickened with several tablespoons of reduced fat cream cheese. The nutritional details on both of those are given in the table below. For comparison, I have also included the numbers for a full-fat alfredo recipe by Ree Drummond.

Alfredo Sauce (with cream cheese)
Alfredo Sauce (with bacon)
Ree Drummond Alfredo
Total Fat
13.5 g
11.7 g
55.9 g
Saturated Fat
8 g
5 g
35.2 g
Monosaturated Fat
3.4 g
3.8 g
15.8 g
Polyunsaturated Fat
1.1 g
0.7 g
1.9 g
34 mg
22 mg
172.3 mg
822 mg
833 mg
864.5 mg

So you see, low-fat doesn't have to be bland, boring, and dull. (Bill I know that, when you read the word bacon, you smiled.)

Lexicon of Cooking Terms


A few weeks ago I was asked to explain some of the less-common cooking terms. We started with Letter A, and have progressed to the end of the "D's". If you want to catch up, a link to the first installment is here.

Double boiler - Two saucepans that fit together, one on top of the other. The bottom pan contains boiling water and is placed on the heat source; the top pan contains the food to be cooked. This is a good method for melting chocolate. (Yes, I know you can zap it in the microwave but a few too many seconds will result in chocolate charcoal). Sauces that could scorch if subjected to direct heat are also best warmed in a double boiler (thick spaghetti sauce, cheese sauce for mac and cheese, etc.).

Dredge - When you lightly coat food to be pan-fried or sautéed. Typical coatings are flour, cornmeal, or breadcrumbs.

Dust - To sprinkle food with dry ingredients. Use a strainer, or try the good, old-fashioned way of shaking things together in a paper bag.

Dutch oven – A heavy cooking pot, usually cast iron or enamel-clad cast iron with a heavy lid.

Egg wash – A mixture of eggs (yolks, whites, or whole eggs) and water or milk used glaze baked goods (typically with a brush).

Emulsion – a mixture of two or more liquids that don’t naturally combine (oil and water). Quite often an egg is used to hold droplets of the liquids in suspension so that they do not separate. A salad dressing or mayonnaise is an emulsion.

En papillote – Food wrapped and cooked in buttered parchment paper. It's easy to do but makes a wow-factor presentation. And, cooking your meal (one packet per person) with this method locks in all of the moisture and flavor.

Why Are There So Many Forks? (Understanding Formal Place Settings)

When eating formally, is there any reason for the different forks and knives. I know when to use which ones but is there a reason why, for example, a salad fork is shorter? Is this just a ploy to sell more cutlery by the manufacturers?


Why are formal place settings so complicated? The simple knife, fork, and spoon have a real use but the rest just seem superfluous. Blame it on royalty.

Once upon a time food was consumed on flat rounds of stale bread—you need not have a fork—and soups were slurped. We were happily noisy and decidedly uncouth until the 11th century. It was then that the fussy fork became a part of "proper" dining. An illustrated manuscript from the Byzantine Empire clearly shows two men using a pronged eating utensil. Oh the outrage!

St. Peter Damian, a Benedictine monk and hermit, criticized the Byzantine-born Venetian princess Maria Argyra for her priggish eating routine:

"Such was the luxury of her habits …she deigned not to touch her food with her fingers, but would command her eunuchs to cut it up into small pieces, which she would impale on a certain golden instrument with two prongs and thus carry to her mouth."

Damian was clearly offended by the woman's table manners, and when she died of the plague he regarded it as a Divine punishment. Nevertheless the fork prevailed.

From Byzantium forks migrated to Italy, birthplace of Catherine de' Medici who in 1533 traveled to France to marry Henry II; she took her forks with her and thus began the trend in France. By the end of the 16th century it was common for members of the aristocracy to transport their cutlery with them in ornate carrying cases.

By the 19th century people were enjoying the pleasure of eating. In 1825 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin published "The Physiology of Taste: Or Meditations on Transcendental Gastronomy" and stated:

“The pleasure of eating is one we share with animals; it depends solely on hunger and what is needed to satisfy it. The pleasures of the table are known only to the human race; they depend on careful preparations for the serving of the meal, on the choice of place, and on the thoughtful assembling of guests.”

Carefully appointed rooms dedicated solely to the pleasure of dining became the norm for those of wealth and status. Crisp white linens, glowing candles, shimmering crystal, and delicate china were mandatory, along with a large and lavish display of silverware.

All was a show of wealth (my silver service is bigger than yours), and since you had servants doing the dishes it didn't matter how much time it took to maintain all these tarnish-prone implements. (I guess I've just revealed the shocking truth that I do not have staff).

So, that's why we have a fork for every occasion.

Taking the Fear Out Of Cooking

I am having trouble getting in the Zen Zone of Cooking. I try to clear my mind for it. It is like a slippery muse. I am not experiencing my Julia Child's Joy of Cooking. Help me out here.


Eric, I would love to help you find your "inner Julia." If I could, I'd drop by your kitchen every afternoon and give you a hand. However, according to Google maps the distance from my house to yours is roughly 1,200 miles, give or take a few. So instead let me share with you a few suggestions.

  • Relax. Take a deep cleansing breath.
  • Have confidence in yourself. This isn't rocket science. Cavemen cooked. You can do this.
  • Start with easy recipes. By easy, I mean not a lot of steps or a shopping-cart full of ingredients.
  • Read through the entire recipe twice to insure that you understand it.
  • Do all of your "prep" work before you begin to cook. That means that you should assemble all of the ingredients ahead of time. Measure out the liquids and seasonings and set them aside. Pre-dice or slice the vegetables and proteins. In the culinary world this is known as mise en place (yes, it's French).
  • Watch the pros. The Food Network, HGTV, and your local PBS channel are a bountiful source of cooking shows.
  • If you don't watch television, here's an idea—search for "Recipe of the Day, Food Network" on There you will find dozens of easy-to-prepare foods. You can watch them being prepared. Each episode also provides a link to a written version of the recipe with all of the ingredients, measurements, and detailed instructions.

Think back to when you were a Freshman in college. You started with the basic 101 courses and mastered them before proceeding to the 200-level and 300-level studies. Cooking is the same way. Start with simple, build your skills and confidence in yourself, and I promise you will become a happy camper in that kitchen.

Should You Hand Wash Knives?

I'm with you about the knives. The always-sharp are always-serrated it seems. I have a dislike of serrated except for bread, as you say. Now I'm wondering why I should care if the handle is dishwasher safe. Do you ever wash your knives in the dishwasher?


My sister puts absolutely EVERYTHING in her dishwasher. Even if it means that it is filled top to bottom after one meal.

And then, there's me.

The only things that go into my dishwater are silverware, plates, bowls, and glassware. I always do pots and pans and knives by hand. So, for me knives don't have to be dishwasher safe. Actually I don't think it's a good idea to wash good knives in the dishwasher. (The dishwasher detergent can be quite caustic, and if the knives bang together their edges can dull more quickly). However, you have to be careful about washing them by hand as well. (Kari, I know that you understand this already, but I'm sharing these tips for the newbie's out there.)

Carb Diva says:

  • Fill the empty sink with hot, soapy water. The first thing you will wash is the sharp knives.
  • Grasp the handle of the first knife to be washed. Never let go of that handle. With your other hand carefully scrub with a scouring brush. Rinse and place on a clean absorbent towel to dry.
  • Repeat with the remaining knives that need to be cleaned. Do just one at a time.

I know I'm sounding like a nervous Nelly with these instructions. Perhaps you think this is far too fussy. But I've witnessed what can happen when one plunges their hands into a suds-filled (I-can't-see-what's-in-there) sink of sharp knives!

Thank you to everyone who sent their questions to the Mailbox. Don't be shy; there are no dumb questions. If you want to remain anonymous you can email me at

Have a great week!

© 2018 Linda Lum


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Carb Diva profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Lum 

      3 years ago from Washington State, USA

      Manatita, I suspect that the Asian way of eating pre-dates anything else but I will certainly add your query to the list. Your answer will be in #18 (#17 is already written, and it's a long one).

    • manatita44 profile image


      3 years ago from london

      Thanks Linda. The history lesson here is very interesting. So much about knives and forks! Perhaps you can tell me about the Chinese and Japanese traditions. How they came to use the chop sticks and not our western habits. Maybe their history is richer. I generally eat with what I call the American way. Fork only.

    • Ericdierker profile image

      Eric Dierker 

      3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

      I am calling my sisters from around the continent maybe one has one.

    • Carb Diva profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Lum 

      3 years ago from Washington State, USA

      Eric, we do not maintain a compost pile but we DO have three yard waste recycling bins into which we place weeds and vegetable scraps. Grass clippings and leaves are piled up in several places in the yard, under the trees (we have almost 2 acres).

      Green eggs and ham--that sounds like an interesting Seussian adventure.

      Oh, how I wish you had a photograph of that beautiful table in your mother's house. It sounds beautiful. What a treasured memory!

    • Ericdierker profile image

      Eric Dierker 

      3 years ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

      What the heck and OMG that I did not write a comment on this great edition.

      6 years ago I pulled out my dishwasher and made perfect place to scoot my scrapings. I am going to look up Bill's stuff on mulch. Maybe you could help me there. So much cooking seems I should lower my foot print even lower. What do you put in your mulch. That is not about cooking -- but maybe it should be?

      I just went into the kitchen and spied my cup boards. The deep breath worked and I found my green food coloring. My boy is going to eat green eggs and ham tonight. Now that is a culinary masterpiece!!

      Oops I almost forgot about the Wellington. For twenty years mom made one for my birthday with 15 plus people around our 10 foot dining table and hell yes the antique silver ware and starched white cloth napkins in a fleur d'eau counted with silver goblets for water and flutes for red wine. I think we had 6 silverware including our steak knifes and butter ones above the plate. My mom for a time was an antique dealer so all of this was at least 70 years old.

    • Carb Diva profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Lum 

      3 years ago from Washington State, USA

      Kari, I'm so happy to hear from you today. I was beginning to despair that this series would soon come to an untimely end (like the television series "Boston Public"). Have the rules changed in storing foods? Check in on Monday and I'll have an answer for you.

    • k@ri profile image

      Kari Poulsen 

      3 years ago from Ohio

      Thanks for the answer. I'll also stress to wash knives first and only one at a time. I have experience with being careless, lol. I agree, cooking is a learned skill. The more you do it, the better you become. Now I have another question. I caught my daughter storing some tomato sauce in it's can. I thought that it was bad to store food in the can it came in. Has that changed?

    • Carb Diva profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Lum 

      3 years ago from Washington State, USA

      Mary, believe it or not, that is such a simple question, with a very complex answer. I could probably devote all 1,250 words to that one topic.

    • Blond Logic profile image

      Mary Wickison 

      3 years ago from Brazil

      Thanks for your answer Linda. I now have another question sort of along the same line.

      When I lived in the UK, man oh man did I have a time eating correctly! Whereas in the US a person swaps the fork to cut meat, in the UK the fork stays in the left hand with tynes pointed down. (for a right-handed person).

      On to this downward facing fork, things such as mashed potatoes are squashed, with peas balanced above or pressed into the spuds. It is the most absurd way to eat but that is how it's done.

      Why is there a difference in the way the utensils are used?

    • Carb Diva profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Lum 

      3 years ago from Washington State, USA

      Rochelle, thanks for stopping by, and thanks for the chuckle! I really like doing the "history" part of these; I'm glad you like it too.

    • Rochelle Frank profile image

      Rochelle Frank 

      3 years ago from California Gold Country

      Transcendental Gastronomy? Now there's a philosophy you can sink your teeth into. I enjoyed your history.

    • Carb Diva profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Lum 

      3 years ago from Washington State, USA

      Aha Bill, I KNEW I could make you smile with that one. My life's work is now complete.

    • Carb Diva profile imageAUTHOR

      Linda Lum 

      3 years ago from Washington State, USA

      Flourish, I'll never have to worry about that. We are about as informal as you can get, and I don't own that much silverware. (Actually what I have is stainless). Thanks.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Thank you for the answer. I shall try it. I'm pretty excited about this solution, actually.

      Happy Monday, Linda!

    • FlourishAnyway profile image


      3 years ago from USA

      I especially liked the fork and knife place setting explanation. Knowing that is important for business and formal dinners!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)