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Banana Plant - A Completely Useable Plant for Food & Health

Updated on December 27, 2017
Venkatachari M profile image

Venkatachari is health conscious, loves a clean atmosphere and teaches healthy habits including healthy living styles.

Banana Plant - Banana Facts and Useful Information

Banana Plant is a herbaceous large plant with its grown-up height ranging from around 8 feet to 20 feet according to the soil and climatic conditions. The plant above ground level is simply a soft stem with long leaves spread around it from bottom to top. Actually, the stem of the plant is made up of the bottom portion of these leaves becoming a sheath and thus supporting the plant. So as new leaves sprout up, the stem height also increases. When the plant matures, new leaves stop and a flower spike sprouts up from stem carried by a new inner stem. This flower spike, in some very fertile soils, fruits even at only 6 or 7 feet height and gets loaded with bunches of bananas. I used to cut the bananas from the hanging bunch with my hands some 30 years ago when I was 30 years old. The normal average height of the plants is around 10 to 15 feet which bear at least one bunch of bananas. A good plant can yield up to 2, 3 bunches of bananas at the same time containing hundreds of bananas in each bunch. At the end of the season, the plant dies and new plants sprout up from the base.

Banana Plant With Edible Flower and Fruits

Most of the bananas have been cut already from this bunch. The residual flower is hanging at bottom.
Most of the bananas have been cut already from this bunch. The residual flower is hanging at bottom.

Every Part of Banana Plant is Usable

You can use any part of the plant in some way or another. Eat the fruits, cook the raw bananas to prepare delicious curry or chutney recipes, prepare recipes with its stem, prepare wonderful recipes even with banana flowers also. Prepare banana chips, fries or doughnuts filled with banana. Eat banana ice creams and try other delicious preparations with ripe bananas. Use the leaves of the banana plant as plates for eating food or packing food. Spin yarn and ropes with its fibre for multiple uses.

Banana Stem Facts and Recipes Prepared With Banana Stem

Banana plant stem is made up of an inner stem and an outer false stem. The false stem forms first with the help of the bottom ends of the leaves forming as the sheath. Each leaf's bottom end coils into a round or half round to create the stem from the base itself. The base below earth's level is known as corn from which plants in the form of leaves sprout. So the banana plant stands with the help of this false stem which is hollow. Later, another stem from inside emerges which carries the flower to the top for becoming a bunch of bananas.

This inner stem is used for food. We can prepare many delicious and healthy dishes with this inner stem which contains lots of fiber, iron, potassium, and calcium needed for our body.

Cutting the Banana Stem for Recipe

This is a piece of the banana stem sold in our vegetable markets. The outer layers of false stem are to be removed with knife.
This is a piece of the banana stem sold in our vegetable markets. The outer layers of false stem are to be removed with knife.
Image showing removed layers of false stem of the banana plant and  chopped or minced pieces of real banana stem.
Image showing removed layers of false stem of the banana plant and chopped or minced pieces of real banana stem.

How to Prepare Banana Stem Recipes

Banana stems are sold in vegetable markets after removing their outer harsh layer. They are sold in pieces of around one-foot measure for easy utilization by buyers. Or, if you have plants in your neighborhood, you can get them for your use from the cultivator after its season is over.

Make a cut on the stem piece vertically to remove the remaining layers of the outer stem as shown in the above image with the knife. Remove the layers tearing with your hand. Then use the inner stem. Cut the stem into small pieces as shown in the image after removal of outer layers. Now you will prepare the recipes with these minced pieces.

I usually prepare two kinds of Banana Stem Recipes (side dishes for meals). One is prepared with tamarind juice which will be sour and spicy. The other one is prepared with curd which is also very delicious.

Spicy Banana Stem Recipe with Tamarind Juice & Mustard Paste

Sour and Spicy Banana Stem Recipe

Ingredients required: Minced pieces of one-foot banana stem, Tamarind Juice 2 tablespoons, mustard seeds, red pepper long size (two) split into pieces, salt, turmeric powder. You may add ground nuts, cashew nuts, and other ingredients as shown in the video.

Put the cooking pan on the heat with a tablespoon of oil. After heating oil, add the red pepper pieces and other ingredients of ground nuts, cashew nuts, etc. (according to your taste and quantity of recipe) and a half-teaspoon of mustard seeds. After frying them till splitting sound, add the minced pieces of the banana stem to it and mix well for a minute on the heat. Then add tamarind juice and mix it adding some water (say 50 ml water). Add one teaspoon salt and half teaspoon turmeric powder and after mixing well cook it for 10 minutes. Meanwhile, prepare a paste of mustard seeds taking a tablespoonful of mustard seeds and grinding them with some water so that it becomes a soluble paste with white foam. When the banana stem recipe gets cooked, remove it from heat and add this mustard seed paste to it and mix well. Now your banana stem recipe is ready for the serve. The video is linked from the website which is in the Telugu language with some sub-titles in English. My preparation may be somewhat different from the video. You can follow my instructions as I cook in my own way.

From one foot long stem of banana, you can prepare recipe enough for serve to 5, 6 people with above quantity of ingredients.

Banana Stem Recipes With Curd

Ingredients required: Minced pieces of one-foot banana stem, salt, turmeric powder, half spoon mustard seeds, one cup curd.

Cook the minced pieces in a cooker with very little water (say 2 tablespoons of water) adding one teaspoon salt. After one whistle you can remove it from heat and allow to cool. After cooling, remove it into a bowl and add the curd and half spoon or quarter spoon of turmeric powder and mix well. The turmeric powder is added for good color, taste, and appearance. After mixing it, take a small frying pan for frying the mustard seeds in a little bit of oil. Heat the oil and fry the mustard seeds till splitting sound and add it to the recipe. Your curd recipe is ready now for serve.

Banana Flower Recipe with Split Green Gram

Banana Flower Recipes

Many recipes are prepared with banana flower also. But it is a time-consuming job. You need to remove all the outer layers of the flower which are colored until you reach the inner white layered flower. Most people use the outer flower buds known as florets that are lined up in between the layers also for cooking in the recipe. But to avoid too much strain, better take only the inner white layered flower for preparation.

This inner flower is cut into pieces and then minced in a jar to become fine pieces. While cutting the flower or stem or any banana part, your hands will become dark with its sticky juice. To avoid this, you may apply some oil to hands before starting to cut.

I prepare two kinds of Banana Flower recipes

  • One recipe is prepared just like the above banana stem recipe with tamarind juice and mustard paste in the same procedure.
  • Another dish is prepared by adding split green gram which is to be soaked for 20 to 30 minutes in water before preparation. This procedure is clearly shown in the above video.

The above video is in our Telugu language. So, I am explaining it below in my own way.

First, you will cook the minced flower in a cooker or micro oven for 5 minutes and dry the cooked ingredient by extracting water, if any, from it.

Then, place the frying pan or a cooking bowl on the heat with some oil. Fry some split chickpea nuts and split black peanuts and mustard seeds, cumin, etc. Then add the soaked split green gram or green peanuts and the cooked banana flower to it. Fry for one minute adding salt and turmeric powder. Your Banana Flower recipe will be ready now for serve.

How much do you like Banana Recipes

Cast your vote for Banana Flower recipe

Bananas Raw & Ripe

Uses of Bananas in raw form and in the form of ripe fruits is already popular all over the world.

  • Great varieties of dishes are prepared with raw green bananas as curries for side dishes and as breakfast items.
  • The raw banana recipe is prepared either by cooking in steam and then sauteing with spices and curry leaves or by cutting into pieces and frying in a pan and then adding spices before or after removing from heat or preparing curry in an ordinary way through cooking in a bowl with salt and spice or tamarind juice and spice powders.
  • Dry chips are also prepared with bananas by cutting thin rounds of it.
  • Ripe bananas are mostly used as fruits by eating them in original form. A lot of desserts are prepared from them in many different forms adding various ingredients with cream which are mostly popular in every corner of the world.

Healthy meals in banana leaf
Healthy meals in banana leaf | Source

Important Uses of Banana Leaves

Banana leaves are very useful and good for health. Taking food in banana leaves contributes to your health as they are more clean and hygienic than other plates. They are very much eco-friendly also in contrast to other paper and disposable plates; as the leaves degrade quickly in the earth. Further, the wonderful aroma and chemical properties of the banana leaves add a great taste to your food besides making you healthier.

Six Medicinal Properties of Banana Plant

  • Eating bananas after meals are good for digestion. You can consume it with milk or buttermilk as per your likes. They act as antioxidants also.
  • During loose motions, eat a banana and you will get immediate relief.
  • The iron and calcium properties in banana fruit, stem and flowers are very good for health. They increase hemoglobin production and control blood circulation.
  • It is good for growing children and those suffering from weakness to eat banana fruits or take the banana recipes.
  • People suffering from depression also get some relief by eating bananas as they control the brain nerves.
  • The rich fiber content is very good for digestion and acidity problems and growth of your body.

Nutrition Facts of Banana Plant Stem (raw)

Nutrition Facts
Serving size: 100 gram
Calories 13
Calories from Fat0
% Daily Value *
Fat 0 g
Saturated fat 0 g
Unsaturated fat 0 g
Carbohydrates 2 g1%
Sugar 0 g
Fiber 2 g8%
Protein 1 g2%
Cholesterol 0 mg
Sodium 0 mg
* The Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet, so your values may change depending on your calorie needs. The values here may not be 100% accurate because the recipes have not been professionally evaluated nor have they been evaluated by the U.S. FDA.

Now, I hope that you are able to see the multiple uses of banana plants and their health factors. I prefer eating bananas daily and prepare one of the above recipes once in a week or ten days to enjoy the health benefits of this great plant. They are comparatively cheap also which is one more plus factor.

References for My Article

Besides my own experience, I took facts from the following sites.



Nutrition facts source:


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    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      5 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Some species are like that. They do not flower and fruit. They are only for show and decoration. You can replace or plant another one that gives fruits. Or may be, try some fertilisers if it is lacking nutrients to flower and fruit. The soil also requires to be somewhat soft, wet and sandy so that it receives good ventilation.

      Thanks for the visit and nice comment.

    • MarleneB profile image

      Marlene Bertrand 

      5 years ago from USA

      I have a banana tree growing in my back yard. Each winter the plant seems to "die" and by spring time, it comes back to life from the center. I have had it for three years now and it has never produced any flowers. Nevertheless, it is still a beautiful plant with the large green leaves. It is good to know how nutritious the banana plant is. Thank you for such valuable information.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      5 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Thank you, Parul, for the visit and a nice comment.

    • sriv profile image

      Parul Srivastava 

      5 years ago from Lucknow,India

      Very interesting information about banana and its recipes.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Thanks, peachpurple. Yes, you are right. Thanks for visit and nice comment.

    • peachpurple profile image


      6 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      banana is indeed the most useful plant you can use from head to bottom, just like the coconut

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Thank you Marie (Blond Logic), for visiting my hub and commenting. Just gone through your profile. It looks like you have much niche hubs. So, following you.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      It's true, Jackie Lynnley. It is such a great plant- each part and particle useable. You can test it.

      Thanks for visiting and leaving so nice a comment.

    • Blond Logic profile image

      Mary Wickison 

      6 years ago from Brazil

      I live in Brazil and I have some bananas growing. I didn't know about using the flower or the stem, so this is very useful for me. Thank you for the information.

    • Jackie Lynnley profile image

      Jackie Lynnley 

      6 years ago from the beautiful south

      Wow I had no idea the banana plant had so many usable parts! I have only ever eaten jut the raw fruit so I have much to look forward to! Thank you. ^+

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Thanks for your visit and comment. I am glad you like it.

    • lex123 profile image


      6 years ago

      Glad to know the different methods of cooking banana stem. I love the stem recipes and whenever i find new recipes I will try on them.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Thank you Chitrangada, for your visit and nice comment. I have eaten stem recipes and flower recipes also when we were in UP where we had the plants 30 years ago. Still we prepare stem recipe. But these are tedious jobs requiring work and time. Glad that you enjoyed it and like the recipes.

    • ChitrangadaSharan profile image

      Chitrangada Sharan 

      6 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Very interesting hub and so well presented!

      I do make raw banana recipes such as wafers, cutlets etc. It is indeed my family's favorite fruit and so beneficial as well.

      I have eaten banana stem recipes but did not know how to prepare it. Thanks for sharing the recipe and instructions. Thanks and Voted up!

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      It's great know, Dora, that you have banana patch in your yard! It's good that you can use it for some healthy food.

      Thanks for your visit and nice comment.

    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      6 years ago from The Caribbean

      Never heard of eating the banana stem. With such a healthy banana patch in my yard, I may have much more food than I'm aware of. Thanks for this information.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Thank you Jo Alexis, for your visit and nice comment and up voting.

    • tobusiness profile image

      Jo Alexis-Hagues 

      6 years ago from Lincolnshire, U.K

      I've grown bananas in the past, but never thought of using the stem for cooking. I've learned something new. Useful and interesting, voted up and sharing.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Glad to see you Devika liking this hub. Thank you for your visit, voting up and nice comment.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 

      6 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Amazing about the banana plant. I really like the way you presented this unique hub. Voted up, interesting and useful.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Dana, glad to know the videos appealed to you. But, they are in other language you couldn't understand. I am sorry I couldn't find any English language videos.

      Thanks for your visit and nice comment.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Nice to see Lisa, that you had one experience about using banana leaves. I think it must be a sweet porridge cooked of rice, milk and sugar or other sweetener adding coconut. Thanks for mentioning it. And thanks for your visit and nice comment.

    • Dana Tate profile image

      Dana Tate 

      6 years ago from LOS ANGELES

      This was an interesting read and I loved the video's you included. Thanks for sharing,

    • LisaMarieGabriel profile image

      Lisa Marie Gabriel 

      6 years ago from United Kingdom

      I had no idea you could eat banana stem and flowers although I love a plantain curry and fresh sweet bananas too. When I was little and lived abroad for a couple of years my little sister and I were given a kind of coconut porridge in banana leaves and it was wonderful.

    • Venkatachari M profile imageAUTHOR

      Venkatachari M 

      6 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Hi, Bill! It's great to see you as the first visitor to comment. I get so much pleasure seeing you at my hubs. Thank you very much for the visit and nice comment.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 

      6 years ago from Olympia, WA

      Very interesting information about the banana stem that I did not know. Thank you!


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