ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Food and Cooking»
  • Farms & Farming

Citrus Drip Line Irrigation Requirements

Updated on March 14, 2011

It is important to know the right water necessities for your citrus orange orchard so you can reap the maximum benefits of its yield.

Saving and cutting back on water on your orange trees will eventually produce weak yields and stress your trees while too much water on the other hand can cause radicular root asphyxiation leading to the development of fungus, bacteria’s and viruses.

This will ultimately provoke the citrus tree to abort its fruits and drop most of it foliage and lead to a slow death.

The critical periods in terms of water necessities are between flowering and fruit maturity. The known June drop can be lessened by supplying a bit more water that usual starting a month before with added growth regulators.

Continually supplying the wrong amount of water to a citrus orchard will lead to less productivity, inferior quality citrus, smaller fruits and higher acidic content.

A good irrigation yields a good crop
A good irrigation yields a good crop

Even after correcting the irrigation requirements supply, these affects can still linger on for years before the orchard gets back on track.

Each and every hectare with adult orange trees will need about 6 million liters of water altogether throughout the year, precipitation and irrigation included. The numbers vary according to rainfall, dry weather conditions, orange tree variety, tree density and soil retention/drainage capacity.

The amount of shadow available around the tree-top determines as well the necessity for water. In hotter months when more water is required the more shadow directly beneath the tree top the less evaporation there is, thus you can cut back on water.

This is a technique used by many orange producers that is advantageous and at the same time in areas where there is a great amount of rainfall, can on the other hand ruin the tree as I’ve described earlier.

Installing soil humidity sensors around your orchard will greatly tell you the amount of water existing in each and every type of soil for absorption. As soon as the sensor reaches 20 cbars start irrigating again.

Knowing at each and every stage of orange tree growth the depth of the roots will result in smarter irrigation, saving you water and nutrients that you apply to the water.

On young orange trees for example the depth irrigated should not exceed 50 cm while on adult orange trees 90 cm.

To further help in maximum water absorption by the tree itself, remember that as the tree grows, so do the roots as well. The roots of an orange tree reach out in the ground in a radicular pattern as much as the limit of the foliage of the tree top.

As the tree grows pull the drip line farther away from the trunk but always 20 to 30cm inside of the maximum limit of the foliage.

If your orchard is located in hard water country then you should once a year add Nitric, Sulphuric or Phosphoric acid in the fertilizer pumping unit at only a concentration of 1%. They are orange tree nutrients as well at this concentration.

Calculate the amount to be used, paying careful attention and wearing the appropriate protection gear and pump the acid, leave overnight and the next day turn on the irrigation and go around opening the ends of the drip line to flush out the hard deposits.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)