ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Measure Flour

Updated on May 12, 2013

Measuring Flour for Baked Goods

The method used to measure flour can be the difference between irresistible baked goods and inedible baked goods.

No matter what you are baking, using too much flour can cause texture problems. Cookies become dry and hard. Cakes become heavy and tough. Breads become dense and dry. Luckily, properly measuring flour to yield the best results is quick and simple.

If you have added too much flour to a recipe, there is a chance it can be salvaged. Tips for salvaging dry dough and batter are included below.

Measuring Cup

Be sure to use the proper type of measuring cup. Flour should be measured using a dry measuring cup. Using a liquid measuring cup will result in an inaccurate flour measurement.

Gently drop the flour into a measuring cup
Gently drop the flour into a measuring cup

Gently Drop Flour into Cup

Using a spoon or small scoop, gently drop flour into a measuring cup until it is a bit over-full. The excess amount will be removed in the next step.

Remove excess flour with the edge of a knife
Remove excess flour with the edge of a knife

Remove Excess

Using a knife or other utensil with a flat edge, scrape the top of the cup to remove excess flour.

That is all there is to measuring flour the correct way!

Do not scoop the flour or it will be too packed, yielding poor results
Do not scoop the flour or it will be too packed, yielding poor results

How Not to Measure Flour

Do not scoop the measuring cup into the flour.

Measuring this way will result in using too much flour because the flour will become packed.

Kitchen Scale

If you have a kitchen scale, another option is to weigh the flour. The conversions below are a general guide. Weight may vary slightly by the brand of flour.

All-purpose flour: 1 cup = 4.4 ounces = 124.7 grams

Bread flour: 1 cup = 4.5 ounces = 127.6 grams

Cake flour: 1 cup = 3.9 ounces = 110.6 grams

Whole wheat flour: 1 cup = 4.2 ounces = 119.9 grams

Salvaging Dry Dough and Batter

If you end up with dry dough from adding too much flour, you may wish to attempt to salvage it rather than throwing it out. Before modifying the dough, be sure that it is dry as a result of having added too much flour. Some recipes (such as some butter cookies) will create dry dough by design. Another thing to consider when dough seems dry is if butter was used in the recipe. If butter is not soft, the dough may seem dry (though it is likely just due to hardened butter). The butter will melt during the baking process and the result will likely be satisfactory. If you are familiar with the recipe and certain the dough should not be dry, read on.

Cookie Dough

If cookie dough is the victim of too much flour, mix in additional butter or shortening (depending on what the recipe called for). Alternatively, you may add egg white or water to the dough. Add a little at a time until you achieve the expected consistency.

Making cookies with too much flour will create a cookie with a raw flour flavor. The final product will be dry and crumbly.

Bread Dough

If bread dough is dry, incorporate a small amount of water into the dough by hand until the desired consistency has been achieved. If too much water is added, don’t fret – you can add a bit more flour.

Using too much flour in bread dough may result in bread that is dry and crumbly, has a thick crust, and/or is heavy and dense.

Cake Batter

If you have added too much flour to a cake batter, add additional liquid. If the recipe called for egg, you may add additional egg whites. If water or milk were used in the recipe, add additional water or milk, respectively. If you are unsure of the appropriate consistency, add just enough liquid to create a batter that pours.

Adding too much flour to cake batter will result in a dry and/or tough cake.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Audrey Baker profile imageAUTHOR

      Audrey Baker 

      8 years ago from Arizona

      Quite true Felina. It seems properly measured flour, while easy to do, stands between many people and a delicious batch of cookies.

    • Felina Margetty profile image

      Felina Margetty 

      8 years ago from New York, New York

      Simple truths are always well received, nice little hub. Cheers

    • Audrey Baker profile imageAUTHOR

      Audrey Baker 

      8 years ago from Arizona

      That's right. Flour is essentially the opposite of brown sugar, which usually should be packed, when it comes to measurement. That is with exception to the scraping step; I do that with all measured baking ingredients.

    • ienjoythis profile image

      M Carnahan 

      8 years ago from Nevada

      I learned this same method in my high school cooking class. If you scoop, you pack it. Resulting in too much flour. And the butter knife scraping was also shown to us!

      Great hub!

    • Audrey Baker profile imageAUTHOR

      Audrey Baker 

      8 years ago from Arizona

      Thank you for the warm welcome.

    • easylearningweb profile image

      Amelia Griggs 

      8 years ago from U.S.

      I think many of us measure using the incorrect method...I tend to scoop it out, so thanks for showing us the right way to weigh!

      Welcome to Hubpages and good luck with your writing. :-)



      Team Welcome Wagon


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)