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Make Your Own Caramel Sauce

Updated on June 6, 2013
Melissa Althen profile image

Melissa is a Certified Food Scientist with over 20 years in the food industry. New food development and matching are her specialties.

Recipe Ratings

5 stars from 2 ratings of Make Your Own Caramel Sauce

Cook Time

Prep time: 10 min
Cook time: 30 min
Ready in: 40 min
Yields: ~ 2 cups

Ingredients

  • 1 Stick (1/2 lb) Butter, Salted
  • 1 12 oz Can Evaporated Milk
  • 1/2 tsp Baking Soda
  • 1 Cup Sugar
  • 1/2 Cup Corn Syrup
  • 1/2 tsp Salt
  • 1 Cup Water

Instructions

  1. Put all of the ingredients in a sauce pan.
  2. Bring to a boil and quickly reduce heat to a simmer. Be very careful as the liquid comes to a boil. Because this recipe contains baking soda and milk it may boil over very quickly.
  3. Boil over low heat, stirring occasionally, until the desired caramelization is reached. This typically takes 30-45 minutes once a boil is achieved.
  4. This will stay fresh about a month if stored refrigerated.

The Technical Stuff

(Skip this if you just want to make caramel!)

This recipe teaches you how to make caramel using the Maillard browning reaction. This is not a true sugar caramelization, but rather a reaction that happens between the protein of a dairy product (milk), and a sugar.

Baking soda is added to this recipe for several purposes. As the Maillard reaction occurs, the mixture will become acidic. When milk is exposed to acid, the protein wants to break out, or precipitate out of the solution. If you have ever seen white specs in a milky sauce, it may have been the protein precipitating out. The baking soda will lower the acidity, or raise the pH of the caramel and keep your milk protein stabilized. In addition to stabilizing the protein, the presence of baking soda will speed up the Maillard reaction, allowing you to brown your mixture more quickly. The baking soda also adds a depth of flavor.

Corn syrup is added to prevent graininess. Table sugar, or sucrose, is made up of two simple sugars - glucose and fructose. As you melt sugar into water, or saturate it, the glucose and fructose molecules separate. When those molecules exist in equal amounts in a mixture, they want to join back together to create what you know as a grain of sugar. Corn syrup is made up of glucose only. So, just like at a party when there are too many single men and not enough single ladies, when you add corn syrup to a sucrose mixture, the extra glucose molecules get in the way of the glucose and fructose in the sugar joining back together.

Two things are going to control how thick your caramel is - the type and amount of fat, and the amount of moisture left in the mixture. Fats with a higher melt point at a higher level will make the mixture thicker, and vice versa. As you boil the caramel, the water in the mixture will evaporate. If your caramel is too thick when it is cooled off, either cook it a shorter amount of time, or add more water to the recipe. Water may be added at the end of the cooking period as well. If you want your caramel to be thicker when cooled, continue boiling the mixture to evaporate more water. The initial water is added to allow time for the browning reaction to occur.

The dairy products used in this recipe are evaporated milk and butter. Both of these items stay fresh for a long time, so they are easy to keep on hand. Substitution of milk or cream for either of these is possible, depending on the desired outcome.

Variations: With the knowledge you gain from this recipe, you can make many variations of your own. Add a spice at the end, such as ginger or cinnamon. Substitute coffee for the water for caramel macchiato. Double the salt for a salted caramel. Add a tablespoon of bourbon at the end for bourbon caramel!

All of the ingredients go into the saucepan at once. The order does not matter.

All of the ingredients go into the saucepan at once.  The order does not matter.
All of the ingredients go into the saucepan at once. The order does not matter.

As the mixture boils it will foam up quickly. Be careful not to boil over!

Be careful at this point to not let the mixture boil over.  Use a larger pan if necessary to allow room for it to boil up.  Set your heat as low as it will go and still boil.  Remove from the burner completely if necessary.
Be careful at this point to not let the mixture boil over. Use a larger pan if necessary to allow room for it to boil up. Set your heat as low as it will go and still boil. Remove from the burner completely if necessary.

When the caramel reaches the desired color it is ready. The longer you let the caramel boil, the more flavor and color it will develop.

The foam will go away when the caramel is removed from the heat. The caramel will thicken as it cools.

© 2013 Melissa Althen

Comments

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    • Melissa Althen profile imageAUTHOR

      Melissa Althen 

      3 years ago from Houston, TX

      Christie, I would not recommend canning caramel at home. Store refrigerated and assume a couple months shelf life.

    • profile image

      Christie 

      3 years ago

      Do you know the PH level of this caramel recipe? I'm having a hard time getting my ph water level low enough to can my caramel, so I'm trying new ones. Any insight on that?

    • Melissa Althen profile imageAUTHOR

      Melissa Althen 

      5 years ago from Houston, TX

      Thank you for reading!

    • Vacation Trip profile image

      Susan 

      5 years ago from India

      A very well written recipe hub. The step by step pics have made the recipe more easy to follow. Thank you sharing. Voted up.

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