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Paddy Cultivation - The Kerala Style

Updated on July 8, 2010

A beautiful scene from Kerala

Paddy Cultivation – The Kerala Style

Rice is the major food item of two third of human race. The name of paddy was mentioned in ancient Indian epics. It is heard that rice was cultivated in China in very ancient time. Hence it is assumed that either India or China is the country of origin of paddy cultivation. Now India is the leading country in rice cultivation in terms of area.

Now I wish to focus on my state Kerala’s paddy cultivation. In Kerala Palakkad, Aleppy, Eranakulam Thrisoor and Malappuram. Actually paddy is a short term crop. For its flowering and fruiting 160 C to 220 C temperature is essential. The cultivation mainly depends on the rain fall. Paddy grows in a soil having P.H value in between 3 to 10 . An eight and half hours sunlight exposure is needed for paddy

Mainly there are three season’s of paddy cultivation in Kerala. They are

(i)                 Autumn  or Kharif crop (First Crop).

This is cultivated in April – May and is reaped in September – October season.

(ii)               Winter or Rabi crop (Second Crop)

This is cultivated in September – October months and is reaped in December – January month.

(iii)              Summer Crop ( Third Crop)

 This is cultivated in December – January months and is reaped in March – April month.

According to the duration of cultivation it is again classified into three items.They are

(i)                 Short term items

Duration of cultivation is 115 days or below it. ’Hraswa’,  ‘Annapoornna’, ‘Triveni’ , Rohini’ , Jyothi’ , Kairali etc (All are local names)

(ii)               Mid Term Items

 Duration of cultivation is 115 to 130 days. ‘ Aswathi’ , ‘Athira’ , ‘Aiswarya’ ,  ‘Ramya’, ‘Kanakam’ etc(All are local names)

(iii)             Long Term Items

 Duration of cultivation is more than 130 days. ‘Lakshmi’ , ‘Dhanya’ , ‘Nila’ , ‘Rasmi’ etc (All are local names)

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    • profile image

      swetha 3 years ago

      it was not bad

    • profile image

      chaitra 3 years ago

      thanks

      .

    • profile image

      subrahmanian.c.k 3 years ago

      More information required such as preparation of ground, germination of seeds, planting, fertilisers etc. etc

    • profile image

      don 4 years ago

      great!i can do my homework easily

    • abidareacode profile image
      Author

      abidareacode 5 years ago from Areacode , Kerala, India

      Yes Jaseel , Areacode

    • jasil profile image

      jasil 5 years ago from KERALA,INDIA

      areakkode aaaaaano?

    • profile image

      Ansiya 5 years ago

      informative

    • profile image

      ankitha 5 years ago

      very intersting

    • profile image

      amal 7 years ago

      good

    • abidareacode profile image
      Author

      abidareacode 7 years ago from Areacode , Kerala, India

      I am from Areacode Town itself.Opposite to KSEB Office.

    • tweetter profile image

      tweetter 7 years ago

      Abid areacode evideya? Nhan Vilayilullatha.

    • abidareacode profile image
      Author

      abidareacode 7 years ago from Areacode , Kerala, India

      Here in Kerala we cultivate it as our life line food.Thanks for your reading and comments.

    • katiem2 profile image

      katiem2 7 years ago from I'm outta here

      Greeat info on Paddy Cultivation the Kerala Style, thanks :)

    • manthy profile image

      Mark 7 years ago from Alabama,USA

      Thanks for the information, It is a very nice hub