ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Potato Facts

Updated on November 14, 2015

The potato, considered one of the main food staple we eat almost every day. It mostly contains carbohydrate, is eaten around the world now and is the main ingredient in over 406,000 recipes on the Internet. Yes, it is the tasty yet humble potato, which was was first cultivated in the South American Andes Mountains over 4,000 years ago, and a regular potato contains about 80 per cent water and 20 per cent starch.

According to, a medium sized potato contains 3g of protein, 0g of fat, and 22g of carbohydrates. As for calories, one medium sized potato can contain about 100 calories if you bake or boil it without any fat. Besides being free from fat and cholesterol, this humble food is also high in potassium, vitamin C and B6, and a good source of dietary fibre.

Contrary to popular notion, it is not the potato skin but the potato itself that contains the majority of nutrients. Nevertheless, leaving the skin on the potato retains all the nutrients and fibre in the skin. By leaving the skin on potatoes it also makes them easier to prepare, according to

There are around 20 varieties of potatoes, with the sweet potato belonging to the same family as morning glories while the white potato belongs in the same category as eggplant, tomatoes, tobacco, chili pepper and the petunia.

Although the potato is such a common food, it does contain toxic compounds - glycoalkaloids - the more prevalent being solanine and chaconine. Solanine can also be found in other plants (mostly from the deadly nightshade family), which includes a minority of edible plants such as potatoes and tomatoes, as well as more dangerous plants like tobacco.

The concentration of glycoalkaloids found in wild potatoes are enough to produce toxic effects in humans; affecting the nervous system causing weakness and confusion. It may cause headaches, diarrhea, cramps, and in severe cases coma and even death. Usually when exposure to light causes to green, it can be used as a visual clue to areas of the tuber that may have become more toxic. However, this cannot be used as a definite guide because greening and glycoalkaloid accumulation can occur independently of each other. Nonetheless, poisoning from potatoes occurs very rarely and cooking at high temperatures (over 170 °C or 340 °F) usually destroys the glycoalkaloids.

On a lighter note, the potato was used as a fashion accessory by both France's Louis XVI and his queen, Marie Antoinette. They liked to wear potato blossoms, he in his buttonhole and she in her hair!


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)