ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

HACCP: Best Practice

Updated on December 4, 2015
HACCP
HACCP | Source

HACCP Documentation

This is a best practice HACCP document suitable for use in all catering establishments. This HACCP policy covers all the important principles of HACCP and is suitable for hotels, restaurants, diners, coffee shops, catering trucks cateing trailers, outside caters and hotels. HACCP stands for Hazzard Analysis and Critical Control Points. It is essential for any business to undertake some form of risk assessment if they are involved in the preparation and service of food. HACCP follows a standard format which will help to ensure assured safe catering and prove due dilligence.

Receipt of Goods, Storage, Preparation, Cooking, Cooling, Reheating and Service

By undertaking a HACCP assessment the business owner or business manager can identify hazzards at each stage, decide which of these is critical and set up a monitoring regime. HACCP documentation is a legal requirement for all food businesses and crucial to obtaining a five star "scores on the doors" rating for your catering business. Environmental Health Officers must be satisfied that you have a suitable regime in place and that supporting documentation is in order.

Verification of safe methods that your business follows each day is also a key element of proving due diligence. Staff need to understand why safe methods must be adhered to and should receive appropriate training in the completion of documentation.

What is HACCP?

HACCP stands for Hazzard Analysis and Critical Control Points. In catering it forms the basis of safe catering practice for catering operations. There are seven HACCP stages, Receipt of Goods, Storage, Preparation, Cooking, Cooling, Reheating and Service. At each stage we need to identify the hazzard, implement a control and show how we monitor each control point. Correct identification of the hazzards will ensure that the control points are relevant and that the resulting documentation would provide a defence of due diligence.

Seven Principles of HACCP

  • Receipt of Goods
  • Storage
  • Preparation
  • Cooking
  • Cooling
  • Reheating
  • Service

Receipt of goods

HAZARD

Damaged packaging

Broken seals

Food not transported at correct temperature

Multiplication of bacteria

CONTROL

Staff trained in best practice for delivery

Specified debox area

Frozen and chilled foods in storage within twenty minutes

Specified delivery time for delivery is specified i.e.11am to 1pm on a Wednesday. Van temperature at least -18

Nominated person to co-ordinate delivery in absence of Head Chef

MONITORING

Delivery vehicle checked

Date codes checked

Vehicle temperature checked

Food temperature checked with probe

All packaging checked for defects: knocks, evidence of defrosting

4 point check sheet filled in for deliveries

Regular staff competence testing

Storage

HAZARD

Food stored at wrong temperature allowing bacterial multiplication

Cross contamination due to poor hygiene practises

Out of code foods due to stock rotation

CONTROL

Maintain correct storage temperatures

Follow 2 day date coding system in place and discard any unused food that is out of this code life

Organise storage areas prior to delivery to enable stock rotation

Follow fridge planograms and always store raw meat on the bottom shelf

Always cover food and do not store containers on top of one another

Adhere to cleaning routines

MONITORING

Daily recording of fridge and freezer temperatures

Visual checks of food for spoilage

Company approved training

Cleaning schedule filled in daily

Storage areas checked daily for empty boxes and spillages

Spot checks to ensure that routines are being followed

Preparation

Source

Preparation

HAZARD

Cross contamination

Food at room temperature

Pests landing on food

Packaging/foreign bodies in food

CONTROL

Prepare food in small batches cover immediately

Colour coded chopping boards

Separate storage for high risk foods

Disposable gloves used

Organisation of work

MONITORING

Time and temperature checks

Cleaning schedule

Equipment defects reported

Fly killers working correctly

Kitchen flow supports controls

Cooking

Cooking Breakfast
Cooking Breakfast | Source

Cooking

HAZARD

Survival of bacteria

Multiplication of bacteria

Food not defrosted correctly

CONTROL

Probes used to ensure raw food reaches 85c and other food reaches 75c

Meat defrosted in refrigerator for appropriate length of time

All staff trained in probe use when appointed

MONITORING

Temperatures taken and recorded on daily record

Equipment defects dealt with on a regular basis

Refresher training of staff

Circulon Infinite Hard Anodised Cookware Set, 5-Piece

Chill rapidly
Chill rapidly | Source

Cooling

HAZARD

Surviving bacteria may multiply

Production of toxins

Contamination

CONTROL

Cooked meats cooled in blast chiller to 5 degrees with 90 minutes and transferred to chiller

Separate storage shelf so that food does not come into contact with raw food

MONITORING

Spot checks

Visual checks

Staff training with documentation


Service

HAZARD

Contamination of food

Food held at inadequate temperature

CONTROL

Disposable gloves worn during service

Baine marie switched on early

High risk foods covered until immediately before customer requests

Batch cooking so that food maintains high temperature

Fridge organised to utilise space during service

MONITORING

Equipment well maintained

Cleaning schedules adhered to

Consistent staff training

Visual checks

Absence of customer complaints


New Guestbook Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • flycatcherrr profile image

      flycatcherrr 

      5 years ago

      Ah, I wondered what HACCP stood for!

    • WriterJanis2 profile image

      WriterJanis2 

      5 years ago

      Great explanation.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)