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Slow Cooking Basics for Safety in the Kitchen

Updated on September 20, 2014

How to Cook Safely in your Slow Cooker CrockPot

Slow cookers are enjoying a return of popularity .. for very good reasons.

A long cooking time lets you start the evening meal before leaving for work. Reduce the washing up to save time and water with this truly one pot cooking method.

However, before you start using a slow cooker, there are a few basic safety rules to follow.

Begin with a clean cooker, clean utensils, a clean work area and clean hands

Safety First

Check the Plugs before anything else

Make sure your slow cooker is sitting on a dry, stable surface. Don't let it lean on the wall, touch the wall in any way, or let it be in contact with other items on your kitchen bench.

Before plugging in, have a good look at the plug and cord. Make sure there are no frays. Plug it firmly, and directly, into the outlet, try and avoid extension cords.

Before adding foodstuff, check the inside of the cooker. Don't use it if there are any chips, cracks or breaks.

If you plan on adding hot food to your slow cooker, make sure you prewarm the crock with some hot water.

Unplug by holding the plug in your hand and removing it firmly from the outlet. Never yank on an electric cord.

Refrigerate perishable foods until preparation time

Food Safety - Raw Meat

>If you plan to be home during the first hour of cooking, turn your slow cooker to high for the first hour to quickly elevate raw meat and liquid temperatures to safe levels.

Subtract one hour from the slow cooking time you originally planned to do on low.

Most large cuts of meat require at least eight hours of cooking on low.

Always cook minced (ground) meats in a frying pan before adding them to your cooker.

Food Safety - Frozen Meat

Always thaw meat or poultry before putting it into a slow cooker.

Use whatever safe method you choose to thaw the meat.

If you're using a commercially frozen slow cooker meal, you have to prepare it according to the instructions. Don't take short cuts, it's not worth it.

If the power goes out while you're not at home throw away the food!

If the Power goes out

If the power suddenly goes out while you're not at home during the entire slow-cooking process, throw away the food!

It might appear to be cooked but the dangers of food poisoning from a half-cooked meal are far too high.

If you're at home and the power goes out, immediately finish cooking all the ingredients in some other fashion. Use the gas stove or your barbecue.

If you're at home, and if the food was completely cooked before the power went out, then it will remain safe for up to two hours in the slow cooker without any power. Make sure you keep the lid on of course :)

Use Correct Amount and Placement of Food

Don't have your slow cooker less than half full, but don't pack it up more than two-thirds full.

Put your vegetables in first. They cook more slowly than meat and poultry, so place them at the bottom, and around the sides.

Then add the meat and cover the food with liquid, like water, stock, broth, or a sauce of your choice.

Keep the lid in place, and don't take it off unless you really have to stir the food or to check if it's thoroughly cooked.

Five Quick Tips for Slow Cooking

  1. Trim roasts and other large cuts of meat to fit in your slow cooker
  2. Remove skin from poultry and trim excess fat from other meats before cooking
  3. Put fresh root vegetables, potatoes, carrots, onions in the bottom of the pot, under the meat
  4. Don't add Cheeses until near the end of cooking time
  5. Don't add Fish and Seafood until near the end of cooking time

Set and Forget Slow Cooker

Hamilton Beach Set 'n Forget Programmable Slow Cooker With Temperature Probe, 6-Quart (33967)
Hamilton Beach Set 'n Forget Programmable Slow Cooker With Temperature Probe, 6-Quart (33967)

With a stainless steel base for easy storage and clean-up, plus separate temperature probe for large cuts of meat. Let the meal cook while you're out - this slow cooker boasts power-interrupt protection.


© 2008 Susanna Duffy

Leave a Comment so that it can Cook Slowly - Or Maybe You Want to Turn Up the Heat?

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    • Virginia Allain profile image

      Virginia Allain 

      4 years ago from Central Florida

      I always worry that there will be a power outage and the food won't get cooked. Mostly I use my crockpot when I'm going to be home anyway.

    • RetroMom profile image


      7 years ago

      I could not live without my crock pot.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Hi Susanna, can you explain why you need to brown minced meat before adding it to the slow cooker? I have just thrown some in raw with abunch of veg and stock/gravox, and wondered afterwards if that was the right thing to do, was just making up my own recipe... Thanks, Kirsty

    • carlajo73 profile image


      8 years ago

      VERY informative lens and lots of info that some people just don't think about!! Great job! I'm lensrolling to mine:

    • Sniff It Out profile image

      Sniff It Out 

      10 years ago

      You have some good tips here for slow cooking! I have just bought a new one... somebody managed to melt the wire on my old one :/ had to get a replacement almost immediately as it gets used lots in the winter! Another welcome addition to The Cooks Cafe group.

    • Ramkitten2000 profile image

      Deb Kingsbury 

      10 years ago from Flagstaff, Arizona

      When I looked at your list of lenses, this one caught my eye and I had to check it out. My husband and I love our crockpot. Just bought a new, fancy one (all digital with a probe option versus our former beloved crock that just had "off" and "on." It died, I'm sad to say, but not before serving us well (literally) for about a decade. If it weren't for our crock, we'd probably be eating cereal and lettuce every day. Great lens and useful tips. Thanks!

    • SusanDeppner profile image

      Susan Deppner 

      10 years ago from Arkansas USA

      Good tips! Lensrolling this lens to my Easy Crockpot Stuffed Peppers Mexican Style lens.

    • TreasuresBrenda profile image

      Treasures By Brenda 

      10 years ago from Canada

      I love my slow cooker although I do not have many recipes...I'm working on remedying that! Nice lens, I appreciated the section on the power going out. I actually had that happen to me!

      Links to sources of recipes would be a great addition if you are looking to expand this lens. Company's Coming cookbooks (which I have a lens about) have some slow cooking cookbooks, I'll have to borrow one from the library!


    • profile image


      10 years ago

      Thanks for joining G Rated Lense Factory!

    • Stazjia profile image

      Carol Fisher 

      10 years ago from Warminster, Wiltshire, UK

      I sincerely love my slow cooker or crockpot as it's called in the USA - it took ages for me to realise what was meant by a crockpot. This is really good information on the basics of using a slow cooker - stuff it's easy to forget when you've had one for a long time. 5* lens


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