Veganism: What's Wrong with Dairy and Eggs?
Egg and Dairy Products Are Not Harmless
Every glass of milk, slice of cheese, scrambled egg, and baked good made with eggs or dairy products has an invisible serving of meat on the side.
Dairy products and eggs seem wholesome, and most of us were raised to believe in their health benefits. Since they do not require killing the cows and hens from which they come, we can easily think of them as being cruelty-free.
Sadly, though, the mass production of milk and eggs results in horrific living conditions for hens and dairy cattle and is every bit as ethically objectionable as the meat industry.
Indeed, it is fair to say that dairy and egg production is, in fact, part of the meat industry, since cows and hens are killed for their meat at the end of their lives and male offspring are routinely killed either immediately or within several months of birth, their bodies often to be consumed by animals or humans.
The Treatment of Dairy Cows
Cows on dairy farms are kept almost continuously pregnant in order to trigger profitable milk production. When a calf is born, it is taken away from its mother and is formula fed so as not to consume any of the precious milk the cow produces.
Dairy cows are typically kept in small pens. The taste of their milk is affected by what they eat, so they are not allowed to graze during the periods of time that they are producing milk.
Between selective breeding and bovine growth hormone, the cows' udders are painfully large and subject to frequent infections. While cows might naturally live an average of 25 years, a dairy cow is typically sent to the slaughterhouse when she's four or five years old, her body spent with the stress of constant pregnancy and extreme lactation.
Although a cow is not killed in order to produce milk, when her milk production begins to decline, she does become a direct part of the meat industry. Her life ends just like those cattle who are raised for meat. She is harshly transported to the slaughterhouse where she is brutally killed. Her meat may be marketed for animal rather than human consumption, but she is certainly a victim of the meat industry.
The Dairy Industry and Veal
About half of the female calves born on a dairy farm are kept to replace the older cows on the farm. The rest of the females, along with most of the male calves, are sold to beef farms. Some are destined to become veal, living for only a few months in absurdly tiny stalls before being slaughtered.
The veal industry's cruelty has been so well publicized that many people who eat meat refuse to consume veal. Very few of the male calves are kept for reproductive purposes. With the advent of artificial insemination and sperm-storage technologies, the demand for live bulls has been greatly diminished.
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The Reality for "Layer" Hens
Egg production mirrors dairy production in many ways. Hens who lay eggs live in horrific conditions, their bodies pushed to the limits to maximize egg production. They are de-beaked without anesthesia and crammed into tiny cages with other hens. Many of them never see daylight because they are "stored" inside a "factory."
At about 18 months of age, the tormented hens start to lay fewer eggs and are sent to the slaughterhouse to be sold as meat. (A hen living a more natural lifestyle would live to be about 10 years old.)
The Terrible Fate of Male Chicks
Male chicks of the layer breeds are basically considered useless by the industry - they are little more than by-products of egg production and are not well-suited for meat production. A certain number of males are needed for breeding purposes, but the rest are killed at the hatchery when they are a day or two old.
Because the males obviously cannot lay eggs and are not appropriate to raise for meat, they are quickly disposed of. For nearly every female chick who is sold to a layer farm by a hatchery, there is an "invisible" male that who been killed.
This means that the killing of chickens does occur as a direct result of factory egg production.
Good Resources for Vegans
The Bottom Line
The egg and dairy industries are not kind to hens and cows. Those animals suffer every bit as much as animals raised for meat, and they ultimately face the same fate in the slaughterhouse.
NOTE: I did not go into detail about the inhumane conditions in which factory farm animals live. You can easily find such information online or in books about vegan living.