ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Art for a Changing Age

Updated on November 14, 2020

Older than the millennium we have left behind, pewter has been used since the Roman Empire, and contained up to 40% lead. It is believed that the Emperor Nero actually suffered from lead poisoning, as it was his custom to drink wine from pewter goblets.

“Fine Pewter” contains no lead and is primarily made of tin, with varying amounts of other metals. London established rules for pewter content in 1348. In 1473 a royal charter was granted which established the Worshipful Company of Pewterers. They were allowed to confiscate goods of inferior content, and also fine and imprison offenders. British pewter was considered to be of the highest standard because of the laws regulating content, and this ultimately set the standard for the western world.

A soft, inexpensive alloy with a dull, satiny finish, pewter was used to make everything from spoons to bedpans. It was dubbed “Poor Man’s Silver”. The pieces were always simple and functional, with very little change in styles over the century.

In America, colonists were not allowed to manufacture finished goods. We were expected to export raw materials that the English would fashion into finished products intended for our consumption. We somehow never received our quota of finished goods. Metal ores were exported and therefore scarce. Scrap metal brought prices of up to 70% of the original finished wares. Consequently, worn out pieces were melted down and recast into new items, ignoring the English laws. Sadly, only six pieces of American 17th century pewter are known to exist.

With the introduction of silver-plated hollowware in the U.S. in 1850, pewter began to loose popularity. Silver-plated items were much less expensive to produce than pewter. Pewter was made by casting molten metal into expensive brass molds, while silver-plate bodies could be made by a variety of inexpensive processes that included sheet metal.

Silver-plate hollow ware looked like solid silver to the average consumer and gained wide acceptance by the late 19th century. It seemed that pewter was doomed to obsolescence.

It was the Art Nouveau artisans of the late 19th century that liberated pewter from its functional image and saved it from extinction.

Although the Art Nouveau movement was short-lived, lasting from about 1880 to 1917, it quickly gained international popularity. France and Belgium were the leaders of this new art form. Scotland, Germany and finally Austria all produced decorative art in the Art Nouveau style.

The Art Nouveau inkstand shown is made of pewter and purple glass. It was made in Germany at the turn of the century, and is valued at about $300.00. The artisans that created these types of pieces chose to work in non-precious metals like pewter, so that the artistic merit of the piece would not be over-shadowed by the cost of the materials used to make it. They often used motifs of budding flowers and growing vines, suggesting the vitality of nature, not copying it. The goal was to bring art into everyday life. Household objects made of common materials like pewter, became the vehicles to accomplish the goal.

This was in stark contrast to one hundred years of stiff and exacting representations of antiquity, which were intended only to display the wealth of the owner. This exciting art movement looked forward for inspiration, not back. It gave new freedom to artists and artisans because it encouraged creative expression. It raised the status of the craftsmen who created these pieces. “Decorative Art” took its place beside “Fine Art”. The other images features a British Art Nouveau Ewer made of pewter and green glass and a French claret jug with enameled flowers, all of which show the international popularity of the Art Nouveau form in decorative art. It was art for the coming century, filled with creative expression, hope and celebration of life.

There is always much excitement associated with the beginning of this New Year. As we move through the early years of another century and also a new millennium, these timeless pieces still capture the spirit of a changing age.

Orivit Germany pewter and purple glass Inkstand
Orivit Germany pewter and purple glass Inkstand | Source
British pewter and green glass vase
British pewter and green glass vase | Source
French claret jug with enameled flowers
French claret jug with enameled flowers | Source

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)