ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Crokinole; Let us promote as a mental health activity for seniors in Canada

Updated on January 23, 2014

Crokinole board that I saw

What is Crokinole?

Recently when I visited a Canadian home, I saw a hexagonal-shaped wooden board [Figure 1]. Due to my curiosity, I played it with my senior friend who described the game rules and little bit of its history.

Crokinole is a home-based board game in Canada. It has been originated in Perth County, Ontario during the period of late 19th Century. However, the game has been patented in New York in 1880. It is often popular among Mennonite community.

The game is similar to carom, popular in Asian countries. The board is available in various sizes and shapes. The board I saw is octagonal although most ones seem to be round. It contains highest scoring center hole, which is surrounded by inner circle guarded by 8 small posts. The inner circle is again covered by two outer rings. The outer ring is divided into four quadrants. There is a gutter between the playing surface and the outer edge of the board to keep discarded discs. The discs are circular slightly smaller in diameter than the center hole.

There is a score board too.

As an additional equipment, there are sticks for people who has difficulty in using fingers.

Crokinole board at a senior home in Cambridge

When I visited a senior home in Cambridge in the Ontario Province, I saw several sizes and shapes of Crokinole boards. It had the wooden score board as well as sticks for shooting discs. Seniors seem enthusiastic playing the game. Most of the inmates in this home were Mennonites. In fact, the game has been historically popular in the Waterloo region, where the Cambridge is neighboring city.

Game rules

The main aim of the game is to position shooting discs on the center hole, which carries the highest score, the 20. Failing that, the player can score the next highest score, 15, if the disc stays within the center circle. Then, the next two highest scores are 10 and 5 respectively, of the disc stays within the larger circles which surround the middle circle.

Disc may be played in any place touching the starting line within the shooting area, demarcated by two quadrant lines.

The shooting of the disc is called as a Crokinole shot. it is done by propelling the disc with releasing pressure by thumb and index finger or middle finger.

At the same, each player will make difficult other players' attempts by pushing their discs out of the playing area.

When two players are playing each will have 12 discs of the same color. For 4 players, each will have 6 each. The players sitting opposite will make one team.

For more details, there are Crokinole books.

The above video provides a comprehensive overview of the game and its history little bit. You can enjoy it here.

Crokinole Championships

The World Annual Crokinnole Championship tournament are being held since 1999 in Ontario. There are solo and group Championship positions. You can see a video clip created as a promotional activity of this Championship.

It seems, now there is a Chinese Championship tournament too.

Crokinole Newsletter

There is a Crockinole newsletter to inform Crokinole players current developments and to keep momentum the game going. You may follow it using the following web address.

Crockinole and mental health

The game requires fine motor skills, hand-eye coordination, spatial judgement and understanding. It generates lot of fun, promotes friendship and understanding. The current trend of tournaments and championships creates fellowship nurturing supportive environments.

As a home-based game, it has a tremendous potential as a mental health promotion activity for seniors.

We need to promote this as an inter senior home championships including promotional campaign and training workshops.

Where was the Crokinole originated?

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)