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How To Make Natural Perfume

Updated on May 6, 2014

The Art Of Natural Perfumery Using Essential Oils

Here you will find some great tips, recipes and resources on learning how to make natural perfume using essential oils. When making natural fragrances, you don't use chemicals in the mix at all. You only use pure, natural oils essences that are extracted through distillation from various flowers and plants.

Buying perfumes is quite expensive, and there are more and more people (women especially) who are learning the art of making their own fragrances from scratch, using the ingredients that THEY want to have inside their perfumes.

Photo credits

While it is a hobby that needs some trial and error, it's luckily not one that is very expensive, especially when compared to buying a bottle of real perfume that can cost upwards of $100.

This is why I've started my journey into natural perfumery as well a few years ago, and while I can't say I'm a pro at it, I've become pretty adept, with perfumes that people no longer consider 'stinky oils'. Enjoy the ride and please leave your comments (or even your recipes) in the Guestbook section below.

The Book That Got Me Started With Making My Own Perfumes

Essence and Alchemy: A Natural History of Perfume
Essence and Alchemy: A Natural History of Perfume

It all started with this book that I got as Christmas present from my husband a few years ago. He knew that I was using essential oils in aromatherapy mixes and he thought I could use another book in my arsenal. Little did we both know that this would start an entirely new hobby for me: natural perfumery.

Mandy Aftel is the person to learn from when it comes to natural perfumery. Her deep knowledge about essential oils, mixes and perfumery in general is amazing, and this book is but the start. Once you get through it, you will also want to buy her other book, and maybe also enroll in her online course (if you can't attend in person, like me, since I am living far away.)

I highly recommend this book. Mine is a hardcover edition which is full of yellow highlighted text, dog earmarks and oil stains. I wouldn't part with it at all - well, maybe just to get a pristine copy that I can again highlight at will.


Have You Tried To Make Natural Perfume?

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lavender flower
lavender flower

What Is Natural Perfumery

Natural perfumery is the art and process of creating natural fragrances and related products using 100% pure essential oils, without the use of any synthetics that usually go in the retail perfumes.

The perfumes you buy in the shops are made using fragrant essential oils, along with fixatives, solvents and other chemical ingredients that stabilize the aroma. This is why some of the perfumes you buy smell so strong. However this is also why some people are so allergic to perfumes: not because of the smell itself, but because of the synthetic ingredients that are rather harmful to humans.

So what are some of the aromatic sources that go into creating a natural fragrance? There are two types of sources, including plant and animal sources.

The plant sources are basically the various parts of the actual plant, such as the flowers, the roots, the bark, the fruits, the peel and the leaves. The animal sources are are rather rare and quite expensive because in some cases it involves animals that are close to extinction. For example castoreum is using odorous sacs from the North American beaver, civet is using odorous sacs of the civets, and hyraceum is the petrified excrement of the Rock Hyrax.

As some animals are close to extinction, these days natural perfumery is using mostly plant sources, which can be found and made rather easily.

Photo credits

history of natural perfumery
history of natural perfumery

A Brief History Of Natural Perfumery

Natural perfumery is truly an ancient art. It has a long history, going back a few thousand years to the times of Ancient Greece, Egypt, India, China and other ancient civilizations which were along the trade routes of the times. Both natural perfumery and aromatherapy were quite flourishing during those times. Through using essential oils, people discovered that the various parts of plants were not only great for enjoying the fragrant smells in the baths, lotions and concoctions, but they were also healing.

The craftsman during those times used various ancient distillers to extract the essences from plants, such as lavender, mirth, rose and jasmine. As the years went by, more and more plants were used to create an additional range of fragrances for healing the mind, body and soul.

However the term 'cologne was not coined until 1703 when a French perfumer Johann Farina mixed several essential oils from plants with alcohol, which resulted in a liquid very pleasing to smell. He also claimed that this mix had healing properties that helped relieve pains and discomforts. This was the moment when the modern history of natural perfumery began.

photo credits

What You Need - Ingredients And Equipment

Essential Oils

First you need a range of essential oils. Luckily for us, 100% essential oils can be found quite easily in natural health stores, and in online stores such as Amazon.

Note: make sure that the oils you buy are indeed 100% natural. Avoid buying fragrance oils which are only poor imitations.

The reason for this is because the pure oils contain the life essence of the plants from which they are extracted. They contain the magic of life itself. In contrast, synthetically created oils are simply chemical compounds containing dead and flat elements.

While I have essential oils from several places, below is a starter kit that I use over and over again. It is because it has the oils I use the most in natural perfumery, as well as in aromatherapy.

Beginners Best of the Best Aromatherapy Gift Set- 12/ 10 ml (100% Pure Therapeutic Grade Essential Oils)
Beginners Best of the Best Aromatherapy Gift Set- 12/ 10 ml (100% Pure Therapeutic Grade Essential Oils)

It includes 14 100% pure essential oils that make a great starter pack. Great both for making natural perfumes, as well as for aromatherapy (I use these oils in recipes for both).

With this set you get the following oils:

bergamot, cinnamon leaf, clary sage, eucalyptus, lavender, grapefruit, lemon, lime, peppermint, patchouli, rosemary, tea tree and sweet orange.

They are enough to start mixing your own blends for some lovely perfumes. They all smell great, and depending on the recipes, you will get some awesome perfume samples that you can be proud of.


Essential Ols vs Fragrance Oils

Genuine essential oils have also positive psychological benefits, along with a great smell. They are usually more expensive and prices vary between the oils extracted due to their strong concentration.

Fragrance oils are artificially made with chemicals and they have no therapeutic benefits.

carrier oils
carrier oils

Carrier Oils

Along with essential oils, you also need carrier oils which are neutralizing and stabilizing. Some of the most popular carrier oils are: sweet almond oil, jojoba oil, grapeseed oil, apricot oil and coconut oil. Personally I use two oils: sweet almond and jojoba oils, depending on the recipe. Joboja oil is in fact a type of wax and as it is a great moisturizer, it is used a lot in mixing oils for aromatherapy as well.

The carriers are basically mediums that you use to blend your essential oils in. Another popular medium is 190-proof ethyl alcohol because the strength of it will dilute the thickest of absolute plant material (such as resins, balsams and concretes), and it helps mix the essences together much better than the carrier oils.

Note: if you can't find the right type of ethyl alcohol, you can also use vodka, while you are still learning to make perfumes. However once you are beyond the basics, you should really go for the ethyl alcohol instead.

In my parts of the world it is quite difficult to find the right grade of ethyl alcohol, and I don't like the smell of vodka, so I've used carrier oils for quite a lot of time. It does take a bit longer until the perfume is ready, however the final result is just as good. So don't be shy on using carrier oils instead of alcohol when you start out in natural perfumery.

Photo credits: Amazon

Basic Equipment For Natural Perfumery

Besides essential oils and carrier oils you also need the right set of equipment. Luckily most of the things are readily available and they are not expensive at all.

Here is what I use regularly when making my own perfumes:

  1. Beakers - Needed for blending the oils. The best are the small beakers used for 15-30 ml.
  2. Droppers - Used for measuring the drops of oils for the blends, based on the recipe. Also called pipette.
  3. Dark bottles - These are small brown or dark colored bottles used to store your created perfumes.
  4. Adhesive labels - Each perfume bottle will be properly labeled with these stickers.
  5. Rubbing alcohol - This type of alcohol is used to clean the droppers between uses - you don't want to add a dropper with a hint of orange in a bottle that has rose essence!

Different Types Of Natural Perfumes

There are 2 types of perfumes: regular perfumes made from oils and solid perfumes made from beeswax and other solid material. Here we are focusing on regular perfumes.

The Fragrance Pyramid

fragrance notes
fragrance notes

Fragrance Notes By Volatility

Natural perfumery is vast and there are lots of things you need to know to become really a professional perfumer. This article is not enough to teach you everything, however I hope I can get you started and point you in the right direction for further learning.

One of the first things you need to known when learning how to make natural perfume is about base notes. You can't just mix oils together and hope for a great result. In most cases you will get what I got when I first started: a pungent smelly concoction that was not good even for aromatherapy.

There are 3 types of perfume notes: top, middle and base, depending on their relative volatility. For example the top notes evaporate faster than the middle notes, which evaporate faster than the base notes. It is important to know this, as when you create your own perfumes, you will add the oils according to the right structure.

If you've ever tried natural perfumes, you might have noticed that the smell you feel initially is quite different from the one you feel 15 minutes after. This is because the top note is the first to feel (it's usually quite strong), but it is also the first to diffuse into the air. What remains at the end are the various base notes.

The oils listed in the illustration above are a small sample. See below for a larger list containing more oils to choose from.

Fragrance pyramid image created by MarciaG

fragrance wheel
fragrance wheel

Common Fragrance Groups

Besides the top/medium and base fragrance notes, there is another common classification that is in fact better known based on the actual smell. Here are some of the popular groups:

CItrus: lime, grapefruit, orange, bergamot, mandarin, neroli

Spicy: allspice, cardamon, cinnamon, clove, coriander, ginger, juniper, nutmeg, peppers

Herbal: ba, clary sage, lavender, marjoram, oregano, rosemary, thyme, wormwood

Floral: jasmine, magnolia, tuberose, rose, ylang-ylang

Woody: bois de rose, cedarwood, cpress, sandalwood, pine

Earthy: carrot seed, patchouli, vetiver

Edible: black tea, cocoa, cognac, green ta, chamomille, vanilla

Animal: ambrette, civet, costus, hay, tobacco

Photo credits

Make Your Own Fragrance Pyramid

Search in Google Images for "fragrance pyramid" or "fragrance wheel" until you get the image that speaks to you the most; print it out, cut it to size and glue it to a cardboard. You can use this to accompany you when learning about the various fragrance notes and scent types.

Natural Perfume Recipes

Basic Recipes For Natural Perfume

If you're eager to get started, here are some small perfume recipes that need but the basic ingredients. I assume you have some essential oils, the equipment and the patience to start your new hobby. So let's get started.

Flowery Recipe

First pour the drops of carrier oil into a small dark bottle using the applicator or dropper. Next add each essential oil drop by drop. For example don't add all 6 jasmine oil drops in one go. Add them one drop at a time, this is very important!

After adding each oil, shake the bottle vigorously for the new oil to mix in nicely with the rest.

You can experiment with the number of drops for each oil. I like to add more geranium oil as this gives its characteristic smell.

List of ingredients

  1. 2 tbsp. jojoba oil or any other carrier oil
  2. 2 drops neroli oil
  3. 3 drops bergamot oil
  4. 3 drops of patchouli oil
  5. 6 drops of jasmine oil
  6. 8 drops of ylang-ylang oil
  7. 14 drops of geranium oil

Citrus Perfume Recipe

Add the various essential oils to the carrier oil drop by drop and shake the bottle in between.

List of ingredients

  1. 3 drops carrier oil
  2. 4 drops jasmine oil
  3. 2 drops lemongrass oil
  4. 3 drops vetiver oil
  5. 2 drops patchouli oil
  6. 2 drops rose oil

Simple Perfume Recipe

This is a very basic recipe, I think it was the first I've tried and was successful with (don't ask what I did before this one!). Here you need very few ingredients which you will most likely have from your basic essential oils kit. Of course, you also need your carrier oils. Feel free to experiment with the number of drops.

List of ingredients

  1. 3 drops carrier oil
  2. 3 drops bergamot oil
  3. 2 drops lavender oil
  4. 2 drops lavender oil
  5. 1 drop rose oil

Spicy Perfume Recipe

As usual experiment with the number of drops. I only add one drop of black pepper as it is quite spicy. In fact the whole recipe is a rather spicy one. I put one drop of rose oil to sweeten it up a little bit.

List of ingredients

  1. 2 drops carrier oil
  2. 2 drops bergamot oil
  3. 2 drops bitter orange oil
  4. 1 drop black pepper oil
  5. 1 drop rose oil
  6. 3 drops cedarwood oil
  7. 2 drops juniper berry oil

Safety Notes

Some essential oils can cause allergic reactions when touching the skin or ingested orally. To test the oils, always apply one drop to the inside of your forearm and check after a few hours for any signs of irritation. Known ones are citrus based.

Avoid working with essential oils when pregnant.

My Secret Tip For Learning

designer perfume with ingredients
designer perfume with ingredients

Try To Recreate The Scent Of Retail Perfumes

This is really when my knowledge increased by leaps and bounds: by trying to recreate the scent of various retail perfumes, such as Shalimar, Nina Ricci, Samsara and several others. But how to do it?

Well, this is what you do.

First head over to perfume search page on the Fragrantica website or fragrance directory on Basenotes website. On both places you will find hundreds of perfumes listed, including the fragrant notes - which is exactly what you want.

Let's say you want to try to recreate La Vie en Rose de Borsalino. Simply go to the perfume page and you will see there a fragrance pyramid for that very perfume. If you have most of the essential oils listed there, you can start experimenting.

Another place that lists a few perfumes with their ingredients is Mabel White. The list here is smaller, but still worth a look.

Note: you will not find the exact amount of drops used, since each perfume is made using a secret recipe. However you will find the main ingredients for most perfumes available on the market today.

Photo credits: screenshot of designer perfume with ingredients example

You Made Your Perfume...Now What?

storing the perfume
storing the perfume

Storing The Perfume

Once you've made your perfume blend, it is time to store it in a dark, cool place. You might be tempted to use the perfume right away, but if you do so, you will be rather unpleasantly surprised: it won't really have a smell of anything...yet.

Regardless whether you used alcohol or carrier oils to blend your essential oils, the perfume needs to sit for a while, preferably a couple of weeks. This is why early on I mentioned that you need lots of patience. The oils need to mix well with each other, to synthesize and hopefully create that harmonious fragrance that you are eagerly awaiting.

This is also why you need to store your perfume in dark bottles (I use the small brown glass bottles). If the natural essences are long in contact with the air and light, they get easily damaged. Also make sure that the bottle is glass and not plastic, with a top that is sealed tight, where no air can get in.

After a couple of weeks open the bottle, and provided the cap itself has a dropper, put one drop of the perfume on your wrist. Do you like the smell? If yes, voila, you've just made your first perfume!

Final Tip

ALWAYS write down the exact number of drops you used of each oil. Trust me, unless you do it, you might not be able to reproduce that awesome new perfume no matter how much you try.

Especially important when you start to make perfume for clients who will want more of a particular fragrance...

More Resources

Courses Too Expensive?

Learn on your own from books - that's how I started as well!

Do You Like The Idea Of Making Your Own Natural Perfume?

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    • profile image


      6 hours ago

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      So jealous! Here on my sand dune, any "ethnic" food items must be orreedd online. I miss the markets of Munich, Berlin, and Paris (and obviously Spain has some marvelous markets, too)!-MarlaPS: The perfume museum is really special- quite a dreamspace!

    • profile image


      3 years ago

      I couldn't beielve how cheap and delicious those juices were. La Boqueria was the first place I visited in Barcelona once I checked into my hotel. I also loved the tapa bars in the market and various stalls where you could get cafe con leche and a pastry or a sandwich. That Bardot bottle is so much fun!

    • profile image


      4 years ago

      Yes and I have ran out of time to peruse this subject but rest assured I am returning to read it in it's entirety another day, this is something I could sink my teeth into, again, wow, you are a gem

    • OhMe profile image

      Nancy Tate Hellams 

      5 years ago from Pendleton, SC

      A former student of mine had an amazing career making personal scents for many famous people. I think this is very interesting. Thanks for sharing.

    • SusannaDuffy profile image

      Susanna Duffy 

      5 years ago from Melbourne Australia

      This does indeed sound intriguing. One day, when I have more time .....

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      I absolutely loved this lens. So inspiring, especially for us hesitant or even unwilling to spend fortune on parfumes. I will definitely look into this.

    • Mariel-JD profile image


      5 years ago

      When I learned about the dangers of the chemicals used in commercial perfumes, I was horrified - and began to experiment with natural ingredients. My favourite scents are the aromatics - sandalwood & frankincense especially! Sandalwood is one of the best-lasting essential oils, too - one of the very few that last all day.

      I think I might try your spicy blend next - black pepper intrigues me!

    • Phillyfreeze profile image

      Ronald Tucker 

      5 years ago from Louisville, Kentucky

      Yes, I would love to make my own perfume and I think I will start with your "Simple Perfume Recipe"...I have known about the theraputic effect of Lavender( very calming and relaxing scent) that I have purchased in retail stores as air-freshners.

      Coco Chanel who was the first fashion designer to have her own "brand" over 75 years ago once told her colleague and perfumer, Ernest Beaux that "a woman that do use perfume, has no future."!

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Some of this perfume are home made which give very pleasant smell as by which our mind keeps working.

    • captainj88 profile image

      Leah J. Hileman 

      5 years ago from East Berlin, PA, USA

      I have most of these ingredients at home already. I am intrigued and think I'll try a ylang ylang and lavender blend first.

    • marigoldina profile image

      Heather B 

      5 years ago

      You are such a talented and creative person, Marika! I love the idea of making your own perfume. It would make an excellent Christmas or birthday gift!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Thanks for the great information. I am going to try.

    • rainydaz profile image


      6 years ago

      What a great idea! I never thought of making my own.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I do but I am not sure what it would smell like if I make it!

    • fathomblueEG profile image


      6 years ago

      This is very inspiring and super creative. You are a creative explorer of the world in perfumes. Nice lens, thankyou for sharing.

    • newbizmau profile image

      Maurice Glaude 

      6 years ago from Mobile, AL

      Found what I was looking for. Now I know I've got to just experiment to recreate my favorite perfumes. I guess that's why they make the big bucks. But this could be fun. Thanks

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I do! And I really like this lens, too! Btw, have you tried hemp oil as a carrier oil? It's wonderful!

    • SailingPassion LM profile image

      SailingPassion LM 

      6 years ago

      Just love aromatherapy oils - really cannot stand the shop perfumes anymore!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      SO COOL!!!! I had never even thought of using essential oils to make my own perfume. Such a great idea and a really informative and well written lens. Thanks!!!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Of course... It is a great idea. I think that I will try to make one...:)

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      yes is more healthy:)

    • Cari Kay 11 profile image


      6 years ago

      I do like this idea a lot. Perfumes now give me migraines. It would be nice to try to make my own.

    • Steph Tietjen profile image

      Stephanie Tietjen 

      6 years ago from Albuquerque, New Mexico

      I have Mandy Aftel's book and think it's the best. You've made me want to make perfume again. Thanks

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Very informative lens! I've used essential oils for headaches and nausea but have never made perfume using them. Great idea for those of us sensitive to the mass-produced perfumes most people wear.

    • Linda Pogue profile image

      Linda Pogue 

      6 years ago from Missouri

      This lens is a great introduction to another way to be self-sufficient by producing your own perfumes. Blessings!

    • Gypzeerose profile image

      Rose Jones 

      6 years ago

      Really wonderful lens, I love the ideas of natural perfume. Perfect timing for a personal Mother's Day gift. Angel Blessed.

    • buttonhead lm profile image

      buttonhead lm 

      6 years ago

      I love, love, love essential oil fragrances! This is an awesome lens!!!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Great lens. Back to nature is better choice. Thank you for your information.

    • russiangifts profile image


      6 years ago from USA

      Very interesting ideas. I never thought of doing this, but now I'm hooked :-)

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Yes, because this involves using natural ingredients. Chemicals can disagree with a person. Thank you for publishing this lens. You offered some great information.

    • Alethia LM profile image

      Alethia LM 

      6 years ago

      This is really interesting! I have never even thought about how easy it might be to make perfume :)

    • Julia Morais profile image

      Julia Morais 

      6 years ago

      I'm not really into perfumes, as some of them makes me feel dizzy...but this is a great idea. Making my own perfume...never occurred to me before.

    • AnnMarie7 profile image


      6 years ago

      I love it. This was a really interesting & informative lens. I've never thought about making perfume before, but it sounds like a nice hobby.

    • KayRennie profile image

      Kay Rennie 

      6 years ago from Melbourne

      Great information here. Thanks so much. I hadn't thought of it, but now I really want to make perfume.

    • SheGetsCreative profile image

      Angela F 

      6 years ago from Seattle, WA

      Excellent breakdown of how to make your own natural perfumes. I took a class in essential oils and had a fabulous time mixing a few blends.

    • KimGiancaterino profile image


      6 years ago

      It sounds intriguing. My husband hates perfume, but I think some of these natural fragrances might work.

    • flycatcherrr profile image


      6 years ago

      You've got me thinking about making my own scents now, aromatherapy + perfumery!

    • MelissaRodgz profile image


      6 years ago

      This is very cool. I am going to have to try some of these recipes. I didn't even know you could make your own perfume.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I once had the opportunity to sit in on an hour class on medieval perfumery. I'm glad that I did, I didn't know there was so much behind perfume. Yes, it truly is an art. Great lens!

    • missroxa lm profile image

      missroxa lm 

      6 years ago

      I have thought about making my own perfume, even my own soap or body scrubs. I have only managed to make masks for my hair, and hand and body creams. I love natural products! And the fact that I know exactly what's in the product I am using is even better.

    • Winter52 LM profile image

      Winter52 LM 

      6 years ago

      I have a box of essential oils that I didn't know what to do with... just might have to try my hand at creating my own scent. :)

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Oh my girls would love to try some of the above recipes:) I've always thought detailed tips like these were heard to learn or even to find out about but then again it was before I've discovered the world of Squidoo:) Thanks Marcia for this nice enlightenment.

    • Fcuk Hub profile image

      Fcuk Hub 

      6 years ago

      Great lens. I can't wait to make my own parfume :)

    • intermarks profile image


      6 years ago

      Yes, this is definitely a great idea. I always wonder how perfumes are made, and now I have got the clue. Thanks!

    • Diana Wenzel profile image

      Renaissance Woman 

      6 years ago from Colorado

      This is such an interesting topic. I learned a great deal here. Never tried making my own perfumes. You have made it seem very doable and enjoyable. I didn't realize there were sources for learning the fragrance pyramids and ingredients of my favorite perfumes. I'll have to take a look at the recipes for the scents I like best. Congrats on your feature and Purple Star!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I like the idea of personalizing my own perfume. Thanks for all the great produts.

    • jlshernandez profile image


      6 years ago

      This is something I will need to try for sure. Thanks for the tips.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I enjoyed learning so much about natural perfumery and the art of making natural perfumes. My favorite fragrances are those of the citrus or fruity scents.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      It sounds like a great idea! I love working with essential oils! Blessed!

    • profile image

      Auntie-M LM 

      6 years ago

      Oh, yes! I made some simple rose water years ago and gave it as gifts. Everyone loved it. But to make my own perfume would be quite special.

    • ILoveNature profile image


      6 years ago

      I would love to make my own perfume. This Lens is a great help. Thanks!

    • joannalynn lm profile image

      joannalynn lm 

      6 years ago

      I make my own lotions, lip balms, and butters, but have not tried perfumes. This should be my next step :). Wonderful lens.

    • KReneeC profile image


      6 years ago

      What a great lens! I love the idea of making my own perfume!

    • avigarret profile image


      6 years ago

      Marcia, you chose some lovely ingredients. For a minute there I thought these are recipes for love potions :)

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Homemade perfume is a nice idea and a great way to add new fragrances.

    • MelonyVaughan profile image


      6 years ago

      Great tips! I think it's worth trying to make your own perfume and experimenting!

    • Elsie Hagley profile image

      Elsie Hagley 

      6 years ago from New Zealand

      Nice lens. Enjoyed it very much, but I think I will leave it to you to make perfume.

      Thanks for sharing. Blessed

    • jolou profile image


      6 years ago

      I love essential oils. Making your own perfumes is a great idea because you control all the ingredients.

    • RedShoesGirl profile image


      6 years ago

      all i can say is that i will try to experience some perfume making as soon as i find the time :)

      you worked very hard on this is great.

    • DahliaValentine profile image


      6 years ago

      This lens is DELICIOUS! I've never made natural perfume, but I love to wear it. (I buy it from sellers on Etsy.) I really like your secret tip for learning. I'm definitely going to start experimenting.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Very nice and impressive work! This lens deserves the 'sweet smell of success' to top up on the efforts that has gone into creating this!

    • kislanyk profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Cyprus

      @DuaneJ: Thanks! It's researched but also it's based on my knowledge - I make perfumes as hobby for a few years now :)

    • DuaneJ profile image


      6 years ago

      Wow! You've done some extensive research here...Great, useful lens..!

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Wow, what an informative lens! I didn't realize it was possible to make your own perfume because for some reason I thought you had to be some kind of chemist with access to special materials. Now I know differently. Thanks for posting.


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