ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

10 Sleep Hygiene Tips to Cure Sleepwalking Disorder or Somnambulism

Updated on December 11, 2014
Source

Sleepwalking is medically known as somnambulism and it is a sleeping disorder more common among children than adults. It is a behavior disorder caused mainly by sleep deprivation. The person who is suffering from this disorder do the walking while he/she is in deep sleep. The patient is not able to share the experience at the time of sleepwalking later or in the morning because the complete action was done while he/she was in deep sleep.

The sleepwalking action combined with some other complex activities will last for 5 to 30 minutes and the time varies with individuals. It is very difficult to wake up the person doing sleepwalking because he/she is in deep sleep at that time. In most of the cases, the patient's actions are walking in the room, walking outside the room, walking around the house and in some rare cases they walk into distant areas from the house. Other activities include simply sitting in the bed, sleep talking etc.

Studies show that 15% of the children between the age group of 4 & 12 and 10% of the adolescents are experiencing sleepwalking problem. Sleepwalking disorder occurs during the first or second sleep cycles of the sleep and in these stages of sleep, the person will be in deep sleep. Because of this reason, in the morning the patient is not able to remember or detail the experience about previous night's sleepwalking or any other activities related to it.

Sleepwalking mainly characterized by the walking with open eyes, but in some cases, the person goes to bathroom, do dressing or undressing and even drive the car as the part of sleepwalking activities. The duration of these sleepwalking activities can last from a few seconds to 30 minutes.

Why We Sleepwalk?

Somnambulist
Somnambulist | Source

What are the Symptoms of Sleepwalking?

The person who are doing sleepwalking keep his eyes open while doing this activity; but he is not seeing or responding to anything or to anybody. Some special behavior patterns can be seen in sleepwalking persons such as:

  • Sitting in the bed without watching the surroundings.
  • Sleep talking.
  • Urinating in bathroom or some other odd places.
  • Lack of response to other's queries.

These typical behaviors are showing by the person only at the time of sleepwalking and all other times he/she will behave in a very normal manner. Another important characteristic of the disorder is that the patient could not recollect or remember his/her activities at the time of sleepwalking.

What May Be the Causes of Sleepwalking?

The main cause of sleepwalking is sleep deprivation. Disturbed sleep schedule, alcoholism, stress and the side effects of some sedative drugs using for some other disease may also become the causes of this disorder. Some medical conditions such as high fever, nighttime asthma, sleep apnea, personality disorder etc. can cause sleepwalking problem in some persons.

Genetic factors sometimes influence the attack of this disorder. If your identical twin is showing this disorder, your chance for having this disease is 10% higher than normal. Sleepwalking disease of some close relatives such as siblings may increase the possibility for becoming a prey to this disorder.

Child Sleeping Peacefully
Child Sleeping Peacefully | Source

Treatment Options Available for Sleepwalking

Normally sleepwalking disorder does not require medical consultation. Most of the sleepwalking cases can be cured by taking measures to get good and sound sleep daily and for this the patient should follow some sleep hygiene steps strictly. But a doctor should be consulted if the patients gets repeated injuries while doing sleepwalking, doing harmful activities like leaving the house, doing sleepwalking in daytime also or if there is any suspicion of a seizure disorder.

The doctor will look for the causes of this disorder by doing some psychological evaluation. Sometimes the root cause of the disease may be stress, anxiety or fatigue. Usage of some stimulants (drugs, alcohol etc.) also will become the reason for sleepwalking. Doctor will do necessary analysis to find out the particular reason for the disorder.

Hypnosis is successfully using as a treatment method for sleepwalking in adults. Pharmaceutical therapy by prescribing antidepressants will be advised to some patients for short periods. Bezodiazepines, trazodone and clonazepam in low doses are the usual medicines used for the treatment for sleepwalking.

A Lady in Sound Sleep
A Lady in Sound Sleep | Source

Common Guidelines for Sleepwalking Patients

In addition to the treatment procedures using drugs, some advices will be given to the patients to get long term relief from the disorder. Common guidelines for sleepwalking patients are:

  • Get enough and peaceful sleep.
  • Avoid any kind of stimulants, especially prior to bedtime.
  • Do meditation and relaxation exercises.
  • Create a sleep friendly atmosphere in the bedroom.

Precautionary Measures That Is To Be Taken for the Protection of Sleepwalking Patients

Some precautionary measures also should be taken for the safety of sleepwalking patients in their home.. Some of them are:

  • Remove any glass items and knife like objects (sharp objects) from the bedroom.
  • Lock the windows and doors.
  • Close the stairs by installing gates.
  • Remove any obstacles from the bedroom that may obstruct the patient's sleepwalking.

Sleep-Friendly Bed Room
Sleep-Friendly Bed Room | Source
Having  A Good Sleep
Having A Good Sleep | Source

10 Sleep Hygiene Practices for Good Sleep

Good sleep can be acquired by following some good sleep habits or sleep hygiene. For those who have difficulty to get enough sleep or good sleep, practicing sleep hygiene will become helpful Some important steps of sleep hygiene practices are:

  1. Go to bed at the same time every day.
  2. Do not oversleep or that will affect the next day's good sleep.
  3. Use the bed only for sleeping.
  4. Make the bedroom soundproof, if possible, to avoid disturbances from outside.
  5. Avoid watching TV shows or reading books having exciting contents just before sleep.
  6. Avoid stress and fatigue.
  7. Avoid cigarettes, alcohol and excessive caffeine.
  8. Engaging a brief period in aerobic activities four hours before bedtime may be helpful.
  9. Avoid vigorous activity before bedtime.
  10. Avoid snoozing.

Sleepwalking is not a serious disease, but it can be a symptom of some other disorders. The importance is to be given for taking precautions to avoid any injury that may be caused during the patient's sleepwalking activities.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)