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Avoid Kidney Stones

Updated on February 13, 2015

Seeing the Doctor

Dietary Therapy For Calcium Disease

Disappointed that my husband wasn’t told which type of kidney stones he had, though he was given a list of things to do and avoid for Calcium Disease. Calcium stones are most common and found more often in men. Calcium oxalate stones account for 90% of kidney stone incidence. Chances are this is the type of stones that he passed.

The doctor would like him to follow all seven of the things list here, but told him to do at least two. Here is the list:

  1. Drink 2 liters or two quarts (64 oz. = (8) 8 oz glasses) of water every day. If you are active bring it up to 3 liters. The best way to know if your body is taking in the right amount of water is to check your urine. Clear urine shows that you have been drinking enough water. Yellow urine means that you need to more water. Coffee, tea and cola work as diuretics and causes dehydration.
  2. Drink real lemonade. 1-2 tablespoons per 8 oz. glass of water. Lemon juice contains citrate. This helps to prevent stone formation in the urine. Lemonade bought at restaurants is fountain lemonade that is made with sweeteners and very little lemon juice, if any. If buying frozen concentrate, check the label for what percent of lemon juice is added.
  3. Limit sodium in the diet. Sodium follows calcium into the urine and increases the risk of stone formation. Consider salt substitutes and avoid salty foods.
  4. Don’t limit calcium in the diet. Dietary calcium found in diary products and some plant foods. Taking calcium in the natural way according to studies, show that it decreases the risk of stone formation.
  5. Avoid supplemental calcium. Calcium in vitamin or calcium tablets will increase your risk of stone formation. Some people take calcium to avoid the risk of osteoporosis. If you need to take calcium supplements for any medical condition, always take the tablets with food and never on a empty stomach.
  6. Limit oxalate in the diet. Oxalate is a by-product of normal food metabolism. Foods high in oxalate increase the risk of stones. High oxalate containing foods include: tea, chocolate, cocoa, nuts, rhubarb, strawberries, raspberries, plums, liver, bran flakes, wheat germ, dark green vegetables and malted alcohol.
  7. Limit purines in the diet. Purine is a compound found in nucleic acids. When purine is metabolized, it creates a crystalline compound including uric acid, thus increase the risk of kidney stones.. Purine and uric acid is a by-product of protein metabolism. Foods high in purine content include: anchovies, bacon, heat, kidney, liver, scallops, veal, venison, lentils, dried beans, spinach and asparagus. When eating such foods high in purine, drink a glass of water before and after to help reduce the risk of stone formation.

After reading this, my husband said that he would drink more water and lemonade.

(Be sure to read the first two hubs below (course you can read all of the hubs), these two are follow-up and tie in hubs.)

The copyright to this article is owned by Sandy Mertens (sandyspider). Permission to republish this article in print or online must be granted by the author in writing. (You can, however, freely use the opening introduction and photo with a link to the article here on HubPages to read the remainder of the article.)


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    • lex123 profile image


      4 years ago

      Interesting hub. It is also a reminder to many those who don't take much water. I'm sure it will help many. Thanks for sharing.

    • profile image

      Lady Wolfs 

      6 years ago

      Sandyspider - Great hub on kidney stones. My father had them a few times and they looked extremely painful. I didn't know that about the lemon juice or the calcium. Thank you for sharing this useful information.

      Voted up, useful and interesting!

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      PhoenixV, if your dad has them, then there is a better chance for you. Drink lot of water.

    • PhoenixV profile image


      8 years ago from USA

      My dad got kidney stones quite often it was horrible. I dont drink enough water, great informative Hub thank you.

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Lets hope you don't get them again Tony.

    • tonymac04 profile image

      Tony McGregor 

      8 years ago from South Africa

      Thanks for this very useful info. I certainly don't want to repeat my experience of getting stoned!

      Love and peace


    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Thanks for the recent comments everyone.

    • Chin chin profile image

      Chin chin 

      8 years ago from Philippines

      Thanks for the info. I think I better drink milk regularly than take calcium supplements.

    • hafeezrm profile image


      8 years ago from Pakistan

      Good suggestion. I drink a lot of water, now I would gulp with lemon. Thanks for sharing.

    • nancy_30 profile image


      8 years ago from Georgia

      Thank you for sharing this very useful information.

    • twentyfive profile image


      8 years ago

      That is so informative. Thanks for the tips. Wow lemonade helps I'm glad to learn these tips. Thanks :)

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Thanks Coolmon2009.

    • Coolmon2009 profile image


      8 years ago from Texas, USA

      I haven't heard that lemon juice is effective in preventing kidney stones. Thanks for this tip and another good article.

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      kimberlyslyrics, I really feel for you. Or should I say my husband does. He is the one who has gone through this. But I have seen his pain. No remedy is a sure fire cure. Though all this can help. I have been making more lemonade lately too.

      I don't know if I can top the SandyScarySpiderStubborn...

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Not cool

      Nobody ever told me these remedies, and as I can't stop getting stoned, a little education could have gone far and my less frequency of being stoned [um, was that even english?] [who cares, owe]

      Anyways, right side, in bed, crying earlier, pee moved it enough that sharp pain to just tenderness, but refuse tomorrow. Same old sequence commencing!

      Sandy, I am for sure printing this hub and not waiting, I am so doing this NOW!

      Enough is enough, bless you



    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Glad this helped pmccray.

    • pmccray profile image


      8 years ago from Utah

      Excellent and very informative piece items# 1 & 5 really caught my eye. I'm so glad that you listed #1 - I thought there was something wrong with me that I could not down 8 glasses of water a day. But a friend gave me a heads up to watch the color of my urine to keep tabs on my intake. It is so much easier. Your hub is full of great advice and wonderful tips.

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      CMHypno, glad to help.

    • CMHypno profile image


      8 years ago from Other Side of the Sun

      Interesting info on calcium and kidney stones, Sandyspider. I've heard that passing a kidney stone is really painful, so any tips on how to help them stop forming are very welcome!

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Duchess, hope you don't have pass any more stones.

    • profile image

      Duchess OBlunt 

      8 years ago

      Oh, I have had a recent experience with passing a stone. Let me tell you - it's awful! Thanks for this hub! I was looking for just such a hub to think to mine - now I have one.

      Great information.

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Wendy, I feel for your husband. That is funny, akirchner.

    • akirchner profile image

      Audrey Kirchner 

      8 years ago from Washington

      I've heard that this really does help! I have a friend who is a doctor who gets kidney stones and when I pointed these things out to him long ago, he had no idea!

    • Wendy Krick profile image

      Wendy Krick 

      8 years ago from Maryland

      These are great tips. My husband has had kidney stones a couple of times. They are not fun.

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      lightning john, I am glad that you are following doctors orders. But if one is stubborn, what can you do.

    • lightning john profile image

      lightning john 

      8 years ago from Florida

      Oh No! Sandy he must stop All carbonate drinks as i have. That means No Cokes, beer, or anything fun. Sorry but thats what my doctor told me.

      I haven't had a Coke or a alchoholic beverage in 2 months, very little milk as well.

    • Sandyspider profile imageAUTHOR

      Sandy Mertens 

      8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

      Thanks for the comments everyone. Let's make this husband said he would drink more water and lemonade. So far he isn't drink enough of it. He loves his coffee and cola, and he eats Tums like candy. All this is not good and he does not plan on changing that.

      Thanks for the information lightning john. I will see if I can find the items you have list and even add them here, beside buying them. A note about cranberry juice, it is good for all kidney stones except the Uric stones. What I read about these type of stones is that cranberry juice makes it worst. Though calcium stones are the most common, especially in men.

    • lightning john profile image

      lightning john 

      8 years ago from Florida

      Good information here. I as well cannot understand doctors. We still have not determined what my stones were, or are so I am left on my own with this new condition.

      What works for me now is, Chanca piedra compound. Also called Stone Breaker at the Whole Foods market. It is a liquid herbal extract-29.6ml bottle. Also my new diet consists of loads of green tea, and AZO Standard, and AZO cranberry. So far I'm doing really well.

      Thanks for writing this and, My best wishes, and health to your Husband.

    • Darlene Sabella profile image

      Darlene Sabella 

      8 years ago from Hello, my name is Toast and Jam, I live in the forest with my dog named Sam ...

      Excellent hub, I had no idea and I am at my daughters home and what do I see, a lemon tree full of lemons. Guess what I am going to be bus doing...? Thank you for sharing I rate up

    • WannaB Writer profile image

      Barbara Radisavljevic 

      8 years ago from Templeton, CA

      Sandy, thanks for adding the prevention information. I think I'll go with the water and change the time of day I take calcium. I was used to taking it before bed to aid sleep. Guess I'll take it after lunch now and hope it doesn't aid sleep.

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      8 years ago from Sunny Florida

      This is a good article about those painful kidney stones, certainly something to avoid if at all possible. Thanks for the information.

    • Susan52 profile image

      Susan Deppner 

      8 years ago

      Very good information to help avoid kidney stones. Glad your husband is drinking more water and lemonade. I've recently learned that lemons are an alkaline food rather than an acid. I never would have guessed!

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      I have not heard of the lemonade either, that is interesting. It surprises me that the doc did not mention drinking distilled water. I do not know what kind of stones I have had, but I do know my xrays showed scarring?? Hope your hubby is doing better.

    • drbj profile image

      drbj and sherry 

      8 years ago from south Florida

      Thanks for the informative hub about kidney stones, Sandy. I can see you have done your research. Hope hubby's problems have vanished - for good. :)

    • fucsia profile image


      8 years ago

      I never heard that drink lemonade is useful to prevent kidney stones! Thank you for this news!


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