ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Baby Steps for Creating Positive Changes In Your Life

Updated on March 15, 2020
John Iovine profile image

Science writer and experimenter. Conventionally published in science, technology, computers, personal development, health, & fitness.


The process of positive habit formation begins with baby steps. Positive habit formation is a key to implement lasting changes in our behavior that will lead to success. I used this process to drop my weight from 275 lbs to 190 lbs.

Baby Steps is a methodology to implement positive habit formation.

Baby Steps, is not an original concept, I’ve read variations from other authors. Each author offers their own spin on the concept. We have;

Mini-Habits by Steven Guise

Atomic Habits by James Clear

Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg

Tiny Habits by BJ Fogg

There are dozens more authors, each with their own take and sometimes name for the process.

I was curious as to who first researched this behavior and reported on this methodology. From what I could determine it is BJ Fogg PhD. While his book “Tiny Habits” was published in 2019, I found a few TEDx videos dating back to 2014 and 2012. In these videos he displayed charts showing his research, with copyrights from 2007.

My Spin On It

My spin on habit creation is a process I call “Baby Steps”. Before we proceed any further, let’s define what is meant by “baby steps” — baby steps are small behavior changes that you can live with for the rest of your life. The second part of that sentence is critical, “live with the rest of your life.”

The idea is to make such small incremental changes that the baby step does not deplete your willpower. Yes, you have to think about the behavior, at the least, think enough to remember to perform it, but after that it will not require much willpower to implement. Tracking your baby step behavior is a good idea too, because it can be easy to forget.

A simple method of tracking is putting a small “X” on your calendar each day you perform your baby step.



Let start with a practical example.

Baby Steps — The process

1. Identify the outcome you want to obtain.

For our example, weight loss.*

*While I use the term weight loss, I mean fat loss. With weight loss we lose both muscle and fat. We do not want to lose any muscle tissue. Losing muscle just makes it harder to maintain the fat loss.

2. Determine what behaviors will support your outcome

A) Reduce caloric intake — eat less

B) Increase caloric output — exercise more**

**I feel fat lose follows the 80/20 rule. Eighty percent of fat loss is through food and nutrition. The balance of twenty percent is exercise. No one I know can exercise away a bad diet. For example, a bacon cheeseburger with fries will be around 1000 to 1300 calories. Depending upon your size, weight and intensity of the workout, you would need to spend 1–1/2 hours on an elliptical machine to burn those calories off. Obviously if you eat like that everyday, you will not be able to exercise those additional calories away.

Switch that meal to a hamburger with lettuce and tomato on a toasted English muffin and you cut the calories by more than half, about 450 calories.

We need to exercise to maintain and increase our muscle tissue.

3. Brainstorm what baby steps you can take that will support the desired behavior(s).

a) Add one serving of steamed vegetables to dinner.***

b) Every morning upon waking perform one body weight squat.

***Rather than restricting food intake, we are going to increase it. We will increase food consumption, with a proper nutritious food, like steamed vegetables. Adding steam vegetables to one meal a day will increase the nutritional value of your food and increase its fiber content. At the same time this good food adds bulk that will naturally reduce consumption of unhealthy food.

4. Habits form at different rates for different people. It can be anywhere from 4 weeks to six months. But since these are very small steps, it is hopefully they will be habitual in 4–6 weeks.

If after six weeks you feel it is still a bit of a mental effort to adhere to the baby step(s), then do not add any more baby steps. Just continue with the baby steps you are taking until those steps become habitual.

After the initial baby steps have become habitual, add one or two more baby steps. Block the baby steps into segments or phases for tracking.

Phase One

a) Add one cup of steamed vegetables to dinner.

b) Every morning upon waking perform one body weight squat.

After four — six weeks, add one or two more baby steps.

Phase Two

a) Drink one eight-ounce glass of water every morning to hydrate.

b) Add a salad to lunch.

After four — six weeks, add one or two more baby steps.

Phase Three

a) Substitute one high calorie item with a lower calorie item a few times a week. For example, substitute French fries for a baked potato. Or substitute a candy bar with a 100-calorie bag of natural almonds.

b) Add one squat to the morning routine.

Phase Four

a) Eat slower. Chew your food thoroughly before swallowing.

b) Put your fork down in between bites of food

More Baby Steps:

Use red vinegar on salads instead of high calorie dressing

Eat a piece of fruit instead of candy a few times a week

Eat high fiber whole wheat or rye instead of white bread

Substitute beef with fish once a week

Choose broiled over fried.

Substitute high calorie drinks with a low calorie drinks.

General Guidelines — Unjunk Your Food

Reduces white sugar intake

Reduce white flour pasta and baked goods

Reduce processed foods and meats

Increase fiber

Increase whole foods

Choose organic over inorganic

Phase Five and beyond.

The baby steps you take will be unique to you. Baby steps can be physical changes like food substitutes or behavior changes, like eating slowly. The one guiding principle is that each Baby Step must be something you can live with for the rest of your life. If you can’t live with the baby step for the rest of your life, don’t do it, instead look for a smaller step you can live with.

That’s the problem with most diets. They’re like running a sprint. You can run a sprint, but you cannot maintain that pace. Sprints are not designed for the long run.

Does It work?

It does for me. I went from 275 lbs to 190 lbs. I am confident that as you put some phases behind you, you will begin to lose your excessive weight. The weight loss may be slow, but slow is better than yo-yo dieting. If you want to lose weight, and keep it off, this is a way to do it.

© 2020 John Iovine


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)