Basic Information About Eczema, Commonly Misspelled Excema
Eczema, sometimes misspelled as excema, is a skin condition characterized by persistent dry skin and flaky rashes. Information about eczema can be confusing since experts disagree about the causes of this condition and much of the information available is false or misleading. It doesn't help that the condition has an unusual spelling that is often misspelled as either excema or exzema.
An eczema rash is the most noticeable symptom of eczema. The skin may become inflamed, especially if the person tends to scratch the rash. People with eczema may experience generalized itchiness over large areas of the body or the itchiness may be limited to the eczema rash.
People often label outbreaks of eczema as different types of eczema. Hand eczema, ear eczema, and baby eczema are not separate types of eczema. True eczema types include discoid eczema, stasis dermatitis, contact dermatitis, and atopic dermatitis.
Atopic dermatitis is generally what people are referring to when they are talking about eczema. This skin condition has a genetic cause. Families with members who have eczema may have family members with asthma or allergies as well. Eczema is not contagious. Though eczema is most common in infants and young children, the condition may continue throughout the person's lifetime.
Dry skin is susceptible to eczema rashes. Therefore, keeping the skin hydrated is important for preventing flare ups. People with eczema should avoid hot showers or hot baths which dry out the skin. After showering, the person should apply a moisturizing cream.
Specific triggers for eczema rashes can be difficult to identify. Though some people claim that certain foods trigger an eczema rash, this is not a generally accepted theory. Many people with atopic dermatitis find no relation between diet and eczema flare ups.
If a particular food causes redness and swelling, the cause is likely to be a food allergy rather than atopic dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that most resembles an allergic reaction. The triggers of contact dermatitis can often be identified.
Contact dermatitis is caused by skin exposure to detergents, cleaning solutions, chemicals, some fabrics or metals, and other substances. Contact dermatitis causes a scaly, red rash that can range from mild irritation to severe with the skin cracking and bleeding. If a substance causes a contact dermatitis rash, the person should avoid handling it without using gloves.
Many creams and lotions are marketed as an eczema cure. There is no cure for eczema. People with eczema can reduce the frequency and severity of flare ups by keeping skin moisturized and using prescription eczema ointment if necessary. The basic information about eczema, not excema like many people spell it, can help people with eczema learn about this condition and how to care for their skin.
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