ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Bipolar Affective Disorder - A Physiological Disease

Updated on May 26, 2020
Kh swati profile image

An author and a writer with a different approach to life. Covid 19 can surely check our patience but we will never give up.

You must also have heard about people around you who do not have consistency in their mood and behaviour. Sometimes they are very polite and generous, and at other, times they start quarrelling with everyone. Usually, people close to them also consider them to be cynical and deliberately distance themselves from them.

What is the Problem?

Actually, such people suffer from a psychological problem called bipolar affective disorder. As the name suggests, a person's mood swings in two opposite positions turn by turn. In the language of psychology such as changing mind, conditions are called episodes.

People suffering from this problem are sometimes very dormant, depressed and calm, but sometimes become overjoyed, happy and active. Actually, this unexpected change in the mood and behaviour of a person is due to this psychological problem. Now the question arises, that the problem of mood swings is there even in normal healthy people, in such a situation how to identify the patient of severe depression?

According to psychologists, the fluctuations in the mood of ordinary people are automatically cured in two-four days, but when a person stays in the same mood for more than 2 weeks even with the change in the environment , it can be a symptom of bipolar affective disorder.

Reasons for Bipolar Affective Disorder

An imbalance in brain neurotransmitters is the biggest cause of this problem. Heredity is also considered to be responsible for this. If a person has problems like thyroid, high BP and diabetes together, they sometimes have a very promptly mood swing problems, which later can turn into depression. People with alcohol or drug addiction may also have depression because these things have a negative effect on the neurotransmitters of the brain.

According to the research done by scientists, usually, people of the age group of 30 to 40 years have the highest chances of severe depression. Some women may develop this problem during menopause because during that time hormonal changes are happening in their body very rapidly.

Symptoms

According to the psychologist, it is a little difficult to identify the symptoms of this psychological problem because its people appear to have all kinds of mixed symptoms together in the form of high, low or sometimes mixed episodes. Nevertheless, it can be said that the person is very depressed and lethargic in the state of low episodes. Symptoms of loss of appetite, insomnia and no interaction with people are common. In contrast, in a high episode, the person is very excited and active, he loves to talk to people and move around. This change in mood can come in any order, that is, sometimes a high episode may come first, and then later in these three stages, there is a lot of change in the patient's eating and sleep habits also quite often.

Treatment

To overcome this problem, mood balancing medicines are given, its treatment lasts for a long time. Many times, even after a few years of perfection, a person may experience symptoms, in such a situation, he needs re-treatment and counseling, but after recovering, such people soon return to their normal routine.

How as a Family you can Support?

Family support is very important for such people if a person has such a problem then his family members should take care of these things.

  • Never leave such people alone because many times, due to their mood swings, there is also the idea of suicide in their mind.
  • The routine of such people should be regular so far as possible keep them away from coffee and alcohol.
  • Adequate sleep is very important for such patients, so family members should keep this in mind.
  • Make your home environment cheerful and always them to remain stress-free because this stress will prove very harmful for them.
  • Always try to boost their morale with your positive words.
  • Inspire them for their interest related work such as painting cooking and gardening etc.
  • Increase your stamina. Take a little time for your happiness also because sometimes the behaviour of such people can prove to be a problem for the family.
  • Do not take the words of such weak people to your heart and explain the same to your acquaintances and relatives.
  • Assigned them the responsibility of small tasks and appreciate all their good efforts.
  • Whenever the mood of the patient is going on in the low episode, do not interrupt too much, if they agree easily, then take him on an outing with you.
  • Keep in mind that no medicine should be given to such people without the advice of the doctor, all their medicines should not be assigned to them. It should be the responsibility of one member of the family to feed the patient himself as they are given antidepressants during the treatment. The overdose of which can prove to be very harmful.
  • There should be regular yoga practice and meditation for the patient under the supervision of a skilled instructor, which keeps the mind of the sick person calm and he also gets adequate sleep as well.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Risha Khan profile image

      Risha Khan 

      12 months ago from Bhilai, Chhattisgarh

      A very informative article, Swati. People are very judgemental when it comes to psychological problems. You have explained this disorder very well. As I came to know that thyroid could be one of the reasons behind it, I realised that I may have some mild symptoms. I suffer from depression sometimes. You have also mentioned the solutions where family members can be a great support system in these tough times.

    • hmkrishna profile image

      Halemane Muralikrishna 

      14 months ago from South India

      Interesting article giving information on astonishing fact of human brain. It is really alarming. However, it may not be common. In this case alcohol and coffee are I'll effective is also fearsome. A balanced approach with family support and yoga can also is some what passifying. As far as the brain takes us in favourable direction, we will be alright, when it is not in control, everything collapses, is it not, Ms Swati.

    • Ericdierker profile image

      Eric Dierker 

      14 months ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

      Well this is very well done and informative. I know there are some problems of interactions here. One is that people take to heart what is said and the other is that people somehow think this disease makes them stupid.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)