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Common Autoimmune Conditions

Updated on March 12, 2011

Several immune system diseases that were less prevalent in the past 40-50 years have been on the increase over the course of the preceding 20-40 years. These immune system conditions consist of respiratory disorders, autism spectrum disorders, human immunodeficiency virus, AIDs, and several different types of immune-mediated diseases. Some immune response diseases lead to a impaired immune response that is unable to fight off many types of normal sicknesses stimulated by viruses and germs. Others lead to an excessive immune response that induces white blood cells to assail naturally-occurring cells and organs. Scientists are not certain why there has been such a considerable rise in the number of diseases related to the immune system, but some believe that the increase could be due to greater tension levels, environmental elements, or greater reliance on prescribed drugs. 

None of these ideas have been tested. In the meantime, there are hundreds of thousands of adults and children being labeled with these types of disorders in industrial countries around the world with only a handful of suitable medication alternatives and no known remedies. To understand immune system diseases, it is important to beforehand understand how the immune system works. The human immune system is composed of two aspects. Its duty is to combat disease-causing agents such as bacteria and viruses. It is what precludes us from getting ill, and what enables us to get better when we are sick.

The first aspect of the immune system is known as B lymphocytes. These cells include antibodies that will assail and eliminate any unwanted materials. The other aspect is referred to as T lymphocytes. These are the white blood cells that will assail any alien materials head on. The T lymphocytes are the most important aspect of the immune system, and are essential in precluding against sickness. The T lymphocytes catalog every substance you come into contact with and store it so that in the future, they can supply more protection from bacterial infection. Vaccinations are characterized by a small amount of a particular virus or bacteria so that they can train our T lymphocytes.

Autoimmune diseases come about when these cells start assaulting cells and parts of the body that are not a actual risk to the body. This happens because the immune system no longer notices its own tissues. The immune system then commences to make antibodies to fight against its own tissues, cells and body parts. Autoimmune disease can be either systemic or localized. Systemic means that it has an effect on a number of parts of the body. Localised means that only one physiological system is impressed. For example, psoriasis is a localised autoimmune disease because it solely impacts the skin. However, lupus is a systemic autoimmune disease because it strikes many parts of the body.

Type I diabetes is likewise thought to be an autoimmune disease, and so is bronchial asthma. Bronchial asthma mainly touches on the lungs, and the cause of problems is a rise in swelling in the bronchial tract. Nevertheless, patients with some autoimmune diseases, like bronchial asthma, may also have lessened power to fight off extra types of infections.

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