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Common Eye Problems

Updated on June 5, 2014
A healthy eye!
A healthy eye! | Source

We have all probably experienced conjuntivitis ( inflammation of the eye) at least once in our lives. Many of us wear corrective lenses.But these are only two of the variousof eye conditions there are. Eye conditions that can lead to blindness. Eye conditions that can often be avoided with preventive measures. Awareness is the first step.

"The eyes like sentinel occupy the highest place in the body."~Marcus Tullius Cicero

Eye Conditions

Conditions
Meaning
Treatment
Refractive errors
near sightedness, far sightedness and astigmatism
corrective eyewear, surgery
Amblyopia
"lazy eye" can lead to permanent vision loss.
vision therapy, surgery, eyeglasses
Cataract
a condition in which the lens of the eye becomes cloudy.
surgery
Floaters
tiny spots or flecks that sometimes float in our vision, often caused by undisolved gel particles.
as long as it is not caused by retinal tearing, nothing
Age-related macular degeneration
sudden decrease in vision due to a macular hole
injections and vitamins if caught soon enough
Glaucoma
Increased pressure in the eyeball causing causing damage to the optic nerve
eyedrops to lower the macular pressure
Detached retina
a disorder of the eye in which the retina peels away from the back of the eye
surgery
Strabismus
when the two eyes don't work together in proper alignment.
vision therapy, corrective eyewear, surgery
Diabetic retinopathy
vision threatening damage to the retina.
maintaining low blood sugars or in more extreme cases, surgery.
Conjuntivitis
an inflammation of the conjuncta of the eye
eyedrops or antibiotics
Dry Eye
a lack of sufficient moisture on the surface of the eye.
eyedrops or punctal plugs

How often do you see an eye doctor?

See results

Dame Judi Dench is Battling Macular Degeneration

In 2012, Dame Judi Dench, 78, revealed that she is losing her sight to Macular Degeneration. She had to have her scripts read to her in her latest James Bond movie, Skyfall. She is is not defeated and has no plans to retire. She went on to film the comedy, The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel.

Statistics on Refractive Error

About half of US adults over twenty years old have refractive error or eye problems that result in less than 20/20 vision. 80% of people twelve years or older have refractive error. The prevalence of refrafractive error increases with age. Women are more likely to be nearsighted than men but more men over the age of sixty have refractive errors than women.

Dame Judi Dench on Macular Degeneration

How You can be Proactive In Your Eye Care

  • See an eye doctor for a comprehensive exam yearly, unless your doctor recommends more often.
  • Quit smoking! Smoking can increase your likelihood of getting cataracts, having optic nerve damage and macular degeneration.
  • Wear sunglasses that protect you from both UVA and UVB rays. UV exposure can increase the possibility of cataracts and macular degeneration.
  • Eat a healthy balanced diet. Obesity can cause diabetes and diabetes is the leading cause of adult blindness.
  • Eat foods with omega-3 fatty acids , lurein, zinc and vitamins C and E.

An Eye Chart to test for Visual Acuities.
An Eye Chart to test for Visual Acuities. | Source

Why you should have yearly Eye Exams.

Diseases like glaucoma and macular degeneration have no warning. Usually, by the time you start feeling symptoms, the condition has progressed. Having regular eye exams can catch these silent diseases before too much, if any damage is done.

Eye Problems Caused by Injury.

Ninety percent of eye injuries are preventable. Wear protective goggles or safety lenses when necessary. Eye injuries during sport activities are very common. Whether you are in a playing field or in a laboratory, make sure your eyes are protected.

Computer use can cause Eye Problems.

People can cause eye strain and/dry eye by staring at their computers for a long time. Make sure your screen is on an angle so that you will need to look down a bit when you are looking at it. This will enable your eyes to blink more often and help prevent dry eye. Don't go longer than twenty minutes without turning away from your screen. Make sure you have an anti-reflective screen and if you wear eye glasses, get an anti-reflective coating.

About the author

The author of this hub, Randi Benlulu is an American Board Certified Optician and wishes she had a nickel for every time someone tells her they don't need an eye exam. She'd be retired by now!

We are only given one set of eyes.

"Of all the senses, sight must be the most delightful."~Helen Keller

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    • btrbell profile image
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      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      wow, Colin, I was wondering where you going when you said smell! Thank you!

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Moonlake...so sorry....that really stinks! I do hope your kids take it seriously. Thank you so much for sharing and I wish you the best of luck!

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Thank you, Linda, a "walking, talking example" of how you are maintaining the limited sight you have by continuing proper eye care. You are too kind in your compliments but I do appreciate them! xo

    • lrc7815 profile image

      Linda Crist 4 years ago from Central Virginia

      Randy, thank you for mentioning this hub in my comments. I have read no hubs for the past two weeks so was excited to see a new one from you about vision. We are so foolish when we are young and think so little about the gift of vision. It's one of those things we take for granted until we begin to lose it. Then...it is the most important sense we have. I hope this hub reaches the masses and that they take you seriously. Prevention is so important and you are a master at laying out the facts. Great hub about a most important topic!

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 4 years ago

      ...and I have a good sense of smell too 'cos I always know when you're in the kitchen ..... cooking ..... you know the way to a man's heart - through his stomach , lol

    • btrbell profile image
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      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      lol. Love you. too!Thank you for making my day!

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 4 years ago

      ...it's true Randi - I am blind in one eye and can't see out the other but I still do love you.

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Ah, Colin, you do go on! I think you may need newglasses, if I can diagnose by your far too generous comments! Thank you so much for you're always generous assessment of me, dear Colin! With all our love....Randi, 4 pampered indoor kitties, a new outdoor stray (just what I need!), 2 grown up kids and one teeny boy! 11:30 Az Mountain time. Getting a bit of writing in before heading to work! BTW, final apprenticeship month!

    • moonlake profile image

      moonlake 4 years ago from America

      I have an eye problem called MacTel or Juxtafovel telangiectasia. I'm after our kids all the time to be sure and get their eyes checked. Ineresting hub voted up and useful.

    • epigramman profile image

      epigramman 4 years ago

      Although I do wear glasses Randi for driving and for far away viewing like a movie or for distance - for the most part thank god I don't have eye problems so I can see your beautiful face (thank you oh Lord) and read your hub articles as the legendary apprentice that you are and pretty girl too (I shall repeat that - pretty girl two, lol)

      Sending big Canadian hugs from Colin and his cat crew Little Miss Tiffy and Mister Gabriel at lake erie time 1:25pm on a warm and sunny afternoon - yes summer is finally here

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Welcome back, b. Malin. It's nice to see you again! So glad you are taking care of your eyes! They are so precious to us. Thank you!

    • b. Malin profile image

      b. Malin 4 years ago

      Hi Btrbell,

      I've been away, but now I'm BACK!

      What a Wonderful and Informative Hub read. We go every year to the Opthamologist to have our Eyes Checked. I do see a difference from year to year. I need stronger reading glasses...I guess I shouldn't complain.

      I am going to Bookmark your Hub, for Future references. Voted UP & Useful.

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Thank you, Martin! Good luck!

    • btrbell profile image
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      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Thank you, Dillipchandra and welcome to my hubpage!

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Ah, Faith, many of us are. I didn't go to an eye doctor for almost 20 years. I simply stopped wearing my glasses at age 25 (didn't need them anymore!)and didn't go back until age 45 when I could no longer read without assistance! If I had known then what I know now, I wouldn't have waited so long. Luckily, I have healthy eyes! Thank you for stopping by!

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 4 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you for this valuable information. I have dimensional problems.

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      drbj, I do hope it helps! Eyes are so important! Thank you so much for your support!

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Thank you so much, Joelle! my father-in-law was legally blind when I met him and it was hard to see a man who could no longer drive at 50. Reading was also a problem for him so he only read the bible because he had it memorized! I do appreciate your comments and support!

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Bill, what a generous compliment coming from a writer of your caliber! Thank you! I'm glad your eyes haven't changed too much. Mine have been pretty stable for the past 5 years or so. :)

    • btrbell profile image
      Author

      Randi Benlulu 4 years ago from Mesa, AZ

      Hi Abby! Eyes are tough to remember if your eyesight is good but awful to fix if something goes wrong. Detached retinas are serious and anything that requires surgery comes with its own set of risks. Go see an eyre docyotr. Get retinal photos for your peace of mind (and a good baseline). You will feel better knowing all is good. Plus it may be time for prescription readers! Thank you for reading and commenting!

    • dilipchandra12 profile image

      Dilip Chandra 4 years ago from India

      Very informative hub. I had a useful read. Well written with lots of knowledge, great work!

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 4 years ago from southern USA

      Hi Randi,

      I am guilty of such.

      Thanks for this most informative hub here on the importance of eye care.

      Really helpful hub here to bring awareness to such eye problems.

      Blessings, Faith Reaper

    • drbj profile image

      drbj and sherry 4 years ago from south Florida

      Excellent information, Randi, and delivered in a very easy to understand fashion. Most people tend to avoid eye doctors as they do dentists - only visiting them when it may be too late for help. Your article should go a long way toward helping readers understand that folly.

    • kidscrafts profile image

      kidscrafts 4 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

      Most people take the sense of sight for granted because we use it everyday. Because of that marvelous sense, we can see things around us and avoid obstacles, most of us can see things in colours. Because of eyes, we can observe nature change, we can read, etc. What a gift!

      I remember that my mother in law who loved to read had macular degeneration and because of it at the end of her life she couldn't even read books with extra big letters. Very sad!

      I love the way you organize informations in a table! It makes it practical to read and learn!

      Thank you for all this information! Very interesting!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I have had glasses since I was five....near-sighted....but they stabilized about twenty years ago and really are about the same as then, which is good news.

      Solid presentation of eye problems here Randi! You write as well as you play Words With Friends. :)

    • Abby Campbell profile image

      Abby Campbell 4 years ago from Charlotte, North Carolina

      Excellent hub, Randi! I have been putting off my eye exam for quite too long. I'm embarrassed to even tell you how long it's been since I've had them checked. Why can I be on top of my game when it comes to physicals and dental checks but not the eyes? I think I just avoided the eye exam because I never had any problems with my eyes, thus it saved my pocketbook. But, my eyesight has surely been going over the last 1-1/2 years. I can see well farsighted but have to wear my cheap drug store bifocals for reading. But, I know I should go because my mom had detached retinas a few years ago and had to have emergency surgery. The doctor told her it is a hereditary condition. Yikes! Do you know much about it?