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Cystitis – Cause And Treatment Of Cystitis

Updated on August 13, 2014

Cystitis is a feeling of discomfort when you pass water, usually perceived by many as a burning sensation. With this feeling comes the urge to pass water quite often even though there might be only a small amount to pass. These symptoms are due to an inflammation of the bladder and its outlet pipe, the Urethra. This may bleed slightly. Cystitis is caused by a variety of illnesses, and infections which are often hard to diagnose.

Is it common in people?

Yes, Cystitis is quite common and as many as 50% of women will suffer from it at some point in their lives. Some women suffer repeat attacks of it.

How does Cystitis start?

Almost all of the infections are what is called “Ascending”, so this means the germs go up the Urethra into the Bladder.

Can Cystitis be sexually transmitted?

If an infection occurs from sexual intercourse and gives rise to a bladder infection, then in short, Yes. Cystitis after sexual intercourse can be very common, but not always due to an infection. Cystitis is a tricky condition to deal with and treat.

Is Cystitis dangerous?

Yes. Sometimes the infection can spread through the body to the kidneys, where it then becomes a much more serious illness. Because of the possible risk to the kidneys, all people with Cystitis must attend the doctor for advice. This is especially so for young people aged 15 or less whose kidneys are still developing and growing. There is also thought to be a cancer connection to Cystitis. However, Bladder Cancer in women is quite rare and cervical smears each year (or sooner) will give early warning of cancer in the reproductive organs. Women are advised to get checked regularly.

So when the doctor identifies it, what can be done?

The doctor will identify the type of germs causing the infection from a sample of your Urine, as this will be given many checks.

The doctor can prescribe an antibiotic to kill the germs. There is a “but” in this. Only roughly half of all the attacks that cause the condition are due to germs which can be killed by antibiotics. Many attacks of Cystitis have NO germs present. Furthermore, antibiotics can carry the possible risk of Vaginal Thrush which itself causes much soreness, as well as discomfort and even discharge.

The doctor can conduct tests, arrange for an x-ray to check for signs of kidney damage. The doctor can check for any correctable abnormality which makes you especially vulnerable to attacks. The doctor can also take Vaginal Swabs to see if the trouble comes from the vagina.

What steps can you take?

Cystitis is caused by many different conditions all usually to do with the sex organs. So it helps if you keep a note of any discharges, that an attack begins – even after intercourse – or before a period. Even though you can be checked out, there are preventative steps you can take yourself.

Help the natural defences of your bladder:

Firstly, keep up a good flushing through effect by drinking plenty of water or fluid so as to maintain a urine output of at least 2 litres (5 pints) every day. It may seem like a lot, but it is important to do this. Secondly, empty your bladder at least 6 times a day.

One bath a day is not enough:

It is necessary to keep a special flannel / type of towel for the purpose of washing the perineum (the skin area around the entrance to the urethra) each morning and evening, and always after passing a stool. No strong soaps, lotions, creams, antiseptics, powders, or deodorants – just ordinary cool water. If you have a discharge of any kind, the doctor will treat it accordingly but you must always wash frequently.


What if the symptoms are related to sexual intercourse?

If the symptoms occur within 48 hours of sexual intercourse, you may prevent attack by these following measures:

  • Both partners wash before intercourse with plain cool water. Dry gently, use a medically-approved lubricant to prevent soreness and bruising.
  • Empty your bladder within 15 minutes of having intercourse.

About frequency...

If you find your normal urine burns and you need to pass water quite a lot – this might be because it is too strong. How can you tell? Using blue Litmus Paper from your chemist or pharmacist, test one strip in your urine. If it turns RED, then there is an uncomfortable amount of acid crystals in your urine, so this means you must drink plenty of water. If the urine hurts or has a stinging sensation, then a level teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda in water will also help.

What if an attack starts?

Drink an half a pint of water every 20 minutes. Every hour for 3 hours, take a level teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda in water to lessen the burning sensation. Keep very warm and wash the perineum front to back after every visit to the lavatory. After the 3 hours period, the attack will have lessened for you to visit the doctor.

To conclude – always ensure your doctor knows about your Cystitis problem, and that your doctor approves of the action you are taking.

Copyright (c) 2010 to 2014 Cheeky Girl / Cassy Mantis


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  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hello Lisa, thanks for the comments. Well living it and getting through it is an accomplishment. I am always happy to share, and cheers for the kudos and hugs too! :)

  • Lisa Luv profile image

    Lisa J Warner AKA Lisa Luv 7 years ago from Conneticut, USA

    What a great hub----I have been there and done it,lived it...and I am sure I'll live it again...Thank You so much for all the great info...Warm hugs..

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hy Charlottelacar: aw, well I didn't want you being scared by this. Only a doctor can tell a person for sure that they in fact have Cystitis. This is a condition that is treatable. Well, perhaps you might get an extra half glass into you somehow. It is supposed to help. I am going by what others tell me. But do not worry. The water therapy is a good idea.

  • charlottelacar profile image

    charlottelacar 7 years ago

    Very insightful hub. I am not aware about this really and I am getting more scared now. Actually I've been diagnosed of UTI since I was 19. But despite the fact, I don't know why it is still a hard time for me to drink much water. I'm already satisfied with 1 glass of water a day. After reading this, I guess I really have to indulge my self in water therapy.

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hy katiem: sorry to ear about your sister in-law. The drinking of the water is quite important and just a good habit to get into. We are all slowly becoming more health-conscious, and the more we know I think we will be more ready to handle these things when they crop up. Thanks for commenting as always! Take care! :)

  • katiem2 profile image

    katiem2 7 years ago from I'm outta here

    My sister in law became ill with Cystitis and was very ill losing a lot of weight as the antibotics did not work. It's really nice to better understand her condition of Cystitis the cause and the treatment. I will be careful to drink lots of water, it is an easy thing to forget and yet so vital. Thanks and Peace :)

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hello prasetio! It's always good to get you comments here. I am glad you learn, as I enjoy learning from your hubs too! Yes, the Cystitis can be a curse for some ladies, alas. Cheers!

  • prasetio30 profile image

    prasetio30 7 years ago from malang-indonesia

    Another great hub for you. I learn much from this hub. Useful hub foe woman. Thanks for share with us.

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hello Maita: thanks for the comments. Well, I hope that it helps someone somewhere. You take care too, moi friend. Have a nice day too! : )

  • prettydarkhorse profile image

    prettydarkhorse 7 years ago from US

    awesome information my Cheeky, it is comprehensive simple to understand and offer easy to do solutions, Take care and have a great day, Maita

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hy infonolan: You are welcome, my friend. It's always good to have an idea of what it's about. Good thinking! Cheers! Have a great day! : )

  • infonolan profile image

    infonolan 7 years ago from Australia

    Thanks for this information. Glad I don't seem to have any issues at the moment but will keep it on hand for the future!

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hello theindianblues: well, I am happy to pass on the information, and I hope it helps in any way. Cystitis can be quite painful. Yes, it will feel like a burning sensation but that what the sensation probably is, and it might need attending to by the doctor. Happy to have the info shared (ala my copyright) but Hubs are for sharing okay. You can bookmark, if you wish. I always do that with pages I find useful too. Cheers, and take care. :)

  • theindianblues profile image

    theindianblues 7 years ago from Some where on the Globe

    Very good information Cheeky Girl. Most of the people doesn't know what is Cystitis, really I never heard about the name - jest used to call it as burning...

    Useful text and I have copied on my personal desk for circulation and future use. Thank you very much for sharing a nice topic on public interest.

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hello dashingscorpio: well I am glad to pass on this information, my friend. You look great in a tux!! : )

    Hy Blaise: it was a mention about Cystitis from a work friend that inspired the hub, and yes, the drinking of water really does help. Even for people who don't suffer from it, the water is good for re-hydrating us! Cheers! :D XX

  • blaise25 profile image

    Fehl Dungo 7 years ago from close to you...

    I've never heard bout this too until you've made this so informative hub moi friend ;) Drinking a lot of water indeed has amazing healthy benefits. Cystitis, that's the first round I've heard that term. Thanks for the heads up CG :) xx

  • dashingscorpio profile image

    dashingscorpio 7 years ago

    I've never heard of this. I'm certain this information will help a lot of folks! Excellent hub!

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hy Marisa: thanks for the comment. Sorry to hear you used to suffer from this, a friend's conversation lead me to put finger to keyboard to write this. I get the "get up and go for a pee" thing. Well, I hope things are okay for you now. Yes, the cleaning thing sounds like it helps a lot. Cheers, Marisa!

  • Marisa Wright profile image

    Marisa Wright 7 years ago from Sydney

    Cheekygirl, I know ALL about this one. I used to get cystitis all the time, and the solution was - get up and go for a pee IMMEDIATELY after you-know-what. It's not a STD, it's just that the friction can force bacteria into the opening - so you need to flush it out before it has a chance to get settled.

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hy Art, thanks for the comment! Aw, thanks for that! Well Cystitis is not a hub many men might read about here! If ya had've been heading for the bathroom rather than the exit, I'd have said you read it and took it to heart! Heh! Cheers, moi friend! xx

  • profile image

    TattoGuy 7 years ago

    Only read and rated cause it's you, Art heads for the Exit ; )

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hello always exploring: glad you approve, and yes, it is very common out there. Peace and love from me. Take care!

  • always exploring profile image

    Ruby Jean Fuller 7 years ago from Southern Illinois

    Very helpful advice for a health problem many women have. Thank you for sharing.

    Love and Peace

  • Cheeky Girl profile image

    Cassandra Mantis 7 years ago from UK and Nerujenia

    Hello fuscia: yes the drinking of water is so important. The Vitamin C addition is a good idea for the citric acid - just as long as not too many acids build up. Some good advice there, fuscia. Cheers, and thanks for the comments.

    Hy HappyHer: glad you like the hub. Always good to hear from you! Take care! Enjoy your day!

  • HappyHer profile image

    HappyHer 7 years ago from Cleveland, OH

    Great information. Thank you for taking the time to make a hub about it.

  • fucsia profile image

    fucsia 7 years ago

    Excellent advice. Drinking is very important both to prevent that to cure cistit. Another useful thing is to take vitamin C: acidifies the urine, creating an environment unsuitable for the development of bacteria