ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Depression: Nervous Breakdown

Updated on July 26, 2016

Dangerous disease to the extent that it is the leading cause of disability worldwide, nervous depression hurts people, but also the savings since it is responsible for days not worked higher than for diabetes, for example.

Polymorphic disease, from the event depression after a loss, bereavement, relationship breakup, the depression can be chronic and psychotic for patients and result in repeated stays in psychiatric hospitals.

Always suspected of laziness and lack of will, depressive patients take refuge in denial or alcohol and drugs to mask their symptoms.

Definition of depression

Depression is a disease of body and mind. The disease of depression is responsible for 10 to 20 million attempted suicides and 850,000 suicide deaths each year worldwide.

Depression: Who is affected?

Depression affects a lot of people in the world. All professional categories and age groups are concerned:

* child depression for various reasons, infants and children may be suffering from depression, if not properly cared for, they will relapse in adulthood;

* depression in adolescence: adolescents are also affected by this disease, but be careful not to confuse disorders of depression to those for this age of transition as they prepare to enter adulthood;

* woman depression: women are particularly affected by depression, especially around the time of pregnancy;

* retirement and depression: retirement, by the sudden change of pace it causes, is often the cause of depression in seniors and the elderly who often feel no longer needed.

The many causes of depression: stress, trauma...

The causes of the occurrence of depression are not always identified in patients. In many cases however, there are two main types of causes:

* stress and depression: the stressful lifestyle, the permanent tension are often the cause of depression,

* reactive depression: these are the cases where the depression is caused by an external event (shock, trauma, failure in relationship like divorce or professional such as unemployment) or by the accumulation of too much tension.

Consequences and complications of a nervous breakdown: work, family, sleep...

Depression can be accompanied by more or less serious consequences for the patient and his entourage:

* depression in the workplace may be due to stressful working conditions and cause the discomfort of the employee, external causes of work, but prevent a person to continue working;

* family and depression: depression can affect the balance of a couple and cause separation;

* depression and sleep: depression can disrupt sleep (insomnia, hypersomnia, sleeping pills and withdrawal);

* alcohol and depression: addictions like alcohol or drugs can sink into depression and vice versa;

* depression and suicide: suicide is the major risk of depression, many deaths are caused every year to depression.

Frequent symptoms

Depression causes upheaval both emotional, intellectual and physical, durable.

The most common symptoms of depression:

* Anhedonia and sadness: depressed people are sad for no apparent reason and no longer want anything; that sadness is often accompanied by crying spells and loss of enjoyment and pleasure.

* Asthenia: fatigue, such as insomnia, is one of the main symptoms of depression; if it becomes chronic, fatigue can lead to depression.

* Prostration: prostration and inability to act or make decisions are the symptoms of depression.

Test and diagnosis of depression

General or specialist doctors can pass their patients a depression test to detect any hidden depression. These questionnaires should not be made by the patient alone and substitute for a doctor's diagnosis. They include evaluating the severity of the depressive state of a patient and to follow the evolution of disease.

Types of depression: sadness, postpartum, bipolar...

Depression can take many forms depending on the person, the context, the personality... We distinguish between depressive stats and related disorders.

The various existing depressions

Here is what are the different depressive stats. Depression is not to be confused with the depressive stat that can occur without being sick of depression; a depressive stat matches momentary episodes including coming up without particular difficulty. Melancholy is a real psychosis characterized by painful morbid, depressive emotions dominating behavior. The depressive episode occurs in isolation while the symptoms were not present before, or that they were contained by treatment; the depressive episode can involve mild and severe depression. Chronic depression affects people with recurrent depressive disorders that can be caused by poorly treated depression for example. Major depression occurs very suddenly and can cause significant risk of suicide.

Associated or related disorders to depression

Disorders caused by depression are both physical and psychological and manifested by dejection, extreme anxiety, morbid ideas...

Depressive disorders are different depending on the type of depression. Seasonal depression is timely and due to the lack of light in autumn and winter. Postpartum depression is declared by pregnant women during or just after the birth of her baby, not to be confused with the single Baby-blues. Dysthymia causes less severe disorders than those of major depression and may go unnoticed; patients often confuse their symptoms with their character traits. The manic depression or bipolar depression is a severe and serious form of depression that can cause thoughts of suicide. Anxiety and depression can affect both children and adults; it is necessary to distinguish normal anxiety and pathological anxiety. The masked depression is classified as atypical depression as seasonal depression, sometimes called "smiling depression" when the person remains upbeat on the surface, while suffering from somatic disorders sometimes severe. Hostile or aggressive depression is often associated with alcoholism or addiction, may in some cases lead to behavioral problems and lead people to violent behavior.

Healing of a nervous breakdown: several solutions

We know several ways, often complementary to cure depression, drug treatments, therapies, alternative therapies, long care.

Drugs against depression: antidepressants

The main treatment against depression is antidepressant. The antidepressant acts on neurotransmitters (dopamine, epinephrine, serotonin): the biological treatment against depression. It can only be prescribed by a doctor. Antidepressants can cause many serious side effects. The antidepressant discontinuation should never be abruptly but very gradually and under the supervision of a doctor, because weaning can be difficult.

Therapies against nervous breakdown

There are many therapies to heal from depression to fit each patient. Psychotherapy depression, also known as cognitive behavioral therapy, can accompany the depressed people in the road to recovery. Systemic family therapy aims to take the patient in the family context to determine the cause of depression and help him heal. Mindfulness seeks to break the reflex of negative thoughts of people who have already suffered from depressive episodes. Gestalt-therapy is based on a set of verbal and nonverbal techniques: it seeks to rehabilitate the emotional feeling against the strictly rational thought. Depression and psychoanalysis is a method to treat mental disorders, especially neurotic order. ECT, also known as electroshock therapy, is used when other treatments have not worked. The sleep cure is used in states of anxiety, acute psychoses such as schizophrenia and manic depression; the patient is immersed in sleep for several hours under the supervision of a doctor. Depression and hypnosis, often criticized by the medical community, can be helpful in curing depression.

Use alternative medicines to cure depression

To complete therapy or treatment in mild or event depression, it is possible to help patients with alternative medicine:

* natural antidepressant: it is extracted from plants such as St. John's wort or Bach flowers,

* homeopathy and depression: homeopathic treatments are prescribed only by homeopaths and have the advantage of the whole patient and not just treat the symptoms,

* depression and acupuncture: acupuncture is a technique recognized as effective in relieving depressive of some of their troubles,

* SAD light therapy: the light therapy allows patients with SAD occasionally to turn the corner,

* diet and depression: there is evidence that a balanced diet and rich in Omega 3 is good prevention against depression or relapse.

Long depression care: wellness, hospital

In some cases of depression, passing by long care is needed:

* depression cure: spa treatments can relieve depressed people by providing a context switch, rest, etc.

* hospital depression to severe depression or that do not heal despite taking antidepressants, patients can ask a hospitalization for a comprehensive care and long-term decision; entourage may also ask the hospitalization in a crisis.

Gestures of anti depression prevention

To avoid a depression or relapse after a depressive episode, there are specific behaviors to adapt in prevention. Among them, it is highly advisable to undergo therapy and be monitored by a therapist.

Entourage: help the depressive and live with him

To help a depressive, it is advisable to adopt certain behaviors: listening and dialogue, compassion: show that we understand their suffering, avoid blaming the patient, offer the patient to change environment, etc.

Who consult for depression: generalist or specialist?

Usually, first we suggest to contact the general doctor for depression, it is the usual course of care.

Then, it can direct the patient to a specialist: depression psychiatrist (doctor specializing in psychiatry), and psychologist: the psychologist is not a doctor, but is a professional authorized to conduct psychotherapy.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)