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Detecting Breast Cancer With a Self-Exam Check

Updated on October 25, 2017
stephhicks68 profile image

Stephanie Hicks was diagnosed with Stage IIB invasive ductal carcinoma (breast cancer) in June 2015. Her tumor was Grade 3 (aggressive)

Can you Detect Cancer with a Breast Check?

Let me start with the essentials. I am a cancer survivor. At the time of diagnosis, I was 46 years old, a marathon runner, Type 1 diabetic and mother of four. Interestingly, my doctors told me I was "young" for breast cancer. But if you are younger than I was, don't think you are in the clear!

On May 29, 2015, I found a lump in my breast while showering. After several doctor appointments and a biopsy, we determined it is Invasive Ductal Carcinoma: Breast cancer. Fortunately, it is the most common type of breast cancer. There are a lot of protocols and recommended treatments, with good prognoses for survival overall.

My doctors were able to give me a "stage" and "grade" for my breast cancer. Given the size and the aggressive nature of the tumor, I was told I am Stage IIB (also known as Stage 2B). If they had determined lymph node involvement, I might have been diagnosed as Stage III. The tumor itself was determined to be Grade III. There are only three grades of breast cancer tumors. Grade III is the fastest growing tumor. My doctors also told me that my tumor was hormone receptive, which is good news. When a tumor is hormone-positive, treatment to cut off the hormones that trigger cell division is commonly used.

Before they could recommend a course of treatment, I had to undergo genetic testing. Once the results came back, I was told that my treatment would include chemotherapy, surgery, radiation and hormone suppressor treatment.

Over the past several weeks, I have had doctors comment that it was a good thing that I do regular breast checks. The funny thing is that I didn't. I just happened to notice the lump while soaping up after a workout. Could I have caught this earlier? What if I had conducted frequent breast self-examinations?

Breast mammogram for detecting breast cancer
Breast mammogram for detecting breast cancer | Source

Do You or a Loved One Suspect Breast Cancer?

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Does it Matter if You are at Risk for Breast Cancer?

This question is the most curious one for me. I have very little cancer in my family tree. I have since learned that it is a common misconception that "most breast cancers are hereditary." In fact, it is just the opposite! Of all breast cancers diagnosed in the United States, 80% of the patients have no family history of the disease.

My great-aunt died of breast cancer when I was about 5 years old. All told, I would have thought that cancer was the farthest thing from my own personal health concerns. This is particularly so because I already have Type 1 Diabetes. I'm not saying that there is a lower risk with this type of disease, but I pretty much figured thatI had already been dealt "my hand," if you will.

So, the answer to the question is no! No matter your family history, every woman should conduct regular self-exams. You should become familiar with your body so that any change is noticeable and reported to your doctor immediately.

Do not give yourself false assurances due to genetics, age, or other health factors. Each and every woman that is the age of (or older than) being capable of conceiving a child should conduct regular breast checks.

One in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetimes. This is a serious statistic, but we also know that if the cancer is caught early, chances of survival are greatly increased.

Signs of Breast Cancer: Red Flags

If you are concerned about the signs of breast cancer, here are some basic red flags for which you should be looking.

1. Any change in the outward appearance of the breast? Among other things, look for scaly skin, redness, irritation, swelling, retraction of and/or nipple discharge. If your breasts are usually symmetrical and now they are not, tell your doctor.

2. Any change in how the breast feels? Many women experience pain and heaviness in the breasts during menstrual cycles or pregnancy. If these symptoms appear consistently during other periods, this could be a sign of breast cancer.

3. Any change in the feeling of the breast issue? A palpable lump in the breast should be checked out as soon as possible.

4. Any change in the tissue surrounding the breast? The lymph nodes under the arm may become inflamed, swollen and tender, even where other signs of breast cancer are not present. if you see any signs of change in the tissue surrounding the breast, you should make an appointment with your doctor.

5. Are you getting older? The older you get, the more your chances of breast cancer increase. That is why the American Cancer Society recommends all women 40 years and older to have regular mammograms. Women at increased risk of breast cancer should also have magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs), which can be more effective at detecting any change in breast tissue that may be of concern.

St. Charles Cancer Center in Bend, Oregon
St. Charles Cancer Center in Bend, Oregon | Source

What if I Already See My Doctor Regularly? Should I Still Conduct Breast Exams?

Even if you have regular mammograms and professional breast examinations, you should continue breast checks at home regularly.

One of my high school friends was diagnosed with breast cancer only five months after her first mammogram, which turned up negative. Like me, she felt a lump after her own breast check. She is a survivor today after chemotherapy, a double mastectomy and years of continuing hormone therapy.

I had my first mammogram two years ago, which came out clear. The new guidelines recommend that women 40 years old should have imaging examinations every two years, unless they are considered at highest risk. Some recommendations suggest that women can wait until age 45 or even 50!

I found it fascinating when my doctor told me that a lump that is palpable (you can feel it externally) usually has been growing for five years. That means that my initial mammogram was a false positive!

Breast Check for Lumps

Be Alert for Signs of Breast Cancer

The sad fact is that one in eight women do not conduct regular breast checks. When found early, most types of breast cancer can be eradicated/cured. You can help tips the odds in your favor by doing regular breast self-examinations.

This is not to say that anyone that finds a breast lump on their own: (1) has cancer, or (2) will be cured. I understand that many lumps are benign cysts, or non-cancerous growths. Yet, knowledge is power. So, keep checking and if you have any question whatsoever, request professional medical attention to help you rule out breast cancer. The earlier any change is detected, the better the overall prognosis.

Many breast cancer tumors are found in mammograms, ultrasounds and/or MRIs. If you are at higher risk, be sure to have these examinations frequently. Also, clinical breast examinations (CBE) are recommended annually for any woman of child-bearing age or older. Months or years may pass between these appointments, however. Be aware of your own body and watch for any unusual or sudden changes.

Breast cancer can strike young women - and even men! Don't let your relatively low risk factors dissuade you from doing regular breast check. Know your own body and trust your intuition. Get checked by a doctor if you have any questions or concerns!

Notes from the Radiology Oncologist after a meeting about my Breast Cancer
Notes from the Radiology Oncologist after a meeting about my Breast Cancer | Source

Checking for Breast Cancer Symptoms

© 2015 Stephanie Hicks


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    • stelaligizaki profile image

      Stella Aligizaki 8 weeks ago from Greece

      Important information that can save our lives. Thank you.

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 2 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      Very sage advice for all. It is said out of sight, out of mind, but we must err on the side of caution.

    • stephhicks68 profile image

      Stephanie Hicks 2 years ago from Bend, Oregon

      Thanks you guys! I have lots of hope! Just sharing my experiences here on HubPages with the hope of helping others too! :)

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I have no words of wisdom regarding cancer. I do have a hug, which I'm sending your way. Thank you for the article. Raising awareness is what we writers do so well, and this article is very, very important.

      hugs, blessings coming your way


    • RTalloni profile image

      RTalloni 2 years ago from the short journey

      Thank you for sharing useful information and some of your experience for the benefit of others. One of my friends dealt with it 25 years ago and continues to do well today. The very best to you during treatment and looking forward to the day we read that you are looking at them in the rearview mirror.

    • stephhicks68 profile image

      Stephanie Hicks 2 years ago from Bend, Oregon

      Hi there Flourish! I know you are very knowledgeable about medical challenges. Thank you for reading and commenting on the hub. I will be sure to keep adding new hubs on breast cancer. Cheers, Steph

    • stephhicks68 profile image

      Stephanie Hicks 2 years ago from Bend, Oregon

      Thank you Kristen, just as with my diabetes hubs, I hope to help other people going through breast cancer. Best to you, Steph

    • FlourishAnyway profile image

      FlourishAnyway 2 years ago from USA

      I'm sorry to hear about the lump and wish you the best as you fight your way forward to good health. You are doing a service to all of us by sharing your story. You are in my thoughts.

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 2 years ago from Northeast Ohio

      Steph, this was an useful help for those who want to detect themselves from breast cancer. I hope things turn out okay for you in your treatment. Voted up!