ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Egg donation risks and side effects

Updated on May 20, 2016

Whether egg donation has any dangerous risks and side effects or not is yet to be proved or documented. There are some minor side effects, though. That's why those who wants to donate their eggs need to know the side effects and risks involved in the process.

What is egg donation?

It refers to the process of collecting eggs (oocytes) from the ovum of a female (donor) and then transferred to other women (recipient) womb (uterus) after fertilization by a sperm. This is a new technology. A couple or a single male who wants to have a baby but unable to carry a pregnancy usually look for donated egg. As the technology is few decades old, no long term side effects could be documented.

Some facts about egg donation:

When egg donation first started, the donors were the infertile women who agreed to donate their eggs. As the time passed, the fertile women began to give their eggs. Now even a female with no baby of her own, even unmarried are coming forward for donating eggs. Most of them don't realize the possible after effects. Is it a good sign or bad sign?

Some donate their eggs for nearer ones; some donate for money ($4000-$10000). Before collecting eggs, the infertility centers discuss the probable egg donation risks and side effects with the donors, take psychological tests. But can they clearly portray the real situation the donors might face?

Egg donation risks and side effects:

Risks and side effects related egg donation are there. We can divide these into two types. One is physical, and another is psychological. And psychological one is huge. Believe me; I might not experience this, but I've seen donors and the picture are really depressive. It's true that the infertility centers will want to show it lightly, but it's not that simple.

Now physical risks and side effects again can be divided into two types. Short term effects and long term effects.

Physical risks and side effects of Egg donation:

A) Short term effects:

i) Risks and side effects of egg donation due to drugs:

The egg donation process takes about few months to complete. After the selection process is completed, initially the donor is being injected a hormone to suppress the release of her reproductive hormones. Then when donor's and recipient's menstrual cycles come into synchrony, then induction of ovulation is done. During this hormonal treatment period, a donor may experience cramps, bloating, headache, nausea, etc. Regardless to say that stinging pain of the regular injection is there.

During ovulation induction, hyperstimulation of ovary may occur. It's known as Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). Here it may be manifested as from simple bloating to renal failure and even may lead to death. It occurs in 1 in 10 females undergoing infertility treatment by ovarian stimulation. So donors might be at risk of developing OHSS which sometimes need hospitalization. I received a couple of patients in our ICU within six months time who developed renal failure and respiratory distress. Fortunately, both of them are now fine with getting hospitalized treatment for a week.

Risk factors involved in OHSS:

  1. Shot of human chorionic gonadotropin injection after ovulation
  2. Age of donor over 35
  3. Polycystic ovarian syndrome
  4. High estrogen level during the procedure

ii) Risks and side effects during egg collection:

Risks are mainly like the risks related to any surgical procedure. For example, bleeding, infection, abscess formation, etc. As the egg collection process is a per-vaginal approach, it might cause injury to the uterus, urinary bladder, bowel, blood vessel, pelvic organ, etc.

B) Long term effects:

As these procedures are relatively new, there are no long-term effects documented. Future pregnancy issue for the donor is yet under evaluation. Until we have a conclusive result with adequate data, a risk regarding future infertility following egg donation remains. Available data reveals almost no infertility issue related to egg donation. But this is not sufficient as most of the donors don't come for follow-up.

Psychological risks and side effects of egg donation:

Psychological risks side effects are tough to explain for those who had no experience or no chance of having any experience, like me. But seeing the persons who donated eggs or who are going through the process, it can easily be mentioned that it's not a pleasant experience. And I believe, it can't be overcome so easily either.

After donation, donor usually gets anxious about her genetic child. This anxiety is inevitable in most of the cases I think. And it's one of the most undesirable side effects besides physical ones. Coping with this needs experts help. Most of the donors can't feel it before donating it.

All the egg donation risks and side effects should be thoroughly discussed with the donor. This discussion should not be confined with just giving some documents, assessing with questionnaire by a psychiatrist. Because this formal discussion is not sufficient for the donor to understand the risks and side effects related to egg donation. So who wants to donate their eggs should thoroughly go for all the egg donation risks and side effects before going for it.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • drsohel profile imageAUTHOR

      drsohel 

      6 years ago from Dhaka, BD

      I'm glad that it gave you a new information... Sorry for late response... I was stuck with some family and social affairs.

    • zionsphere profile image

      zionsphere 

      6 years ago from Oregon

      Wow. I had no idea that people could suffer renal falure from this. Thank you for sharing!

    • drsohel profile imageAUTHOR

      drsohel 

      6 years ago from Dhaka, BD

      Thanks for your support.

    • Patty Kenyon profile image

      Patty Kenyon 

      6 years ago from Ledyard, Connecticut

      Interesting Information!! Thanks for sharing!!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)