ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

First Aid for Bleeding/Hemorrhage

Updated on September 8, 2013

This hub contains first aid tips to control internal bleeding, as well as external bleeding.

Since profuse and steady bleeding from major blood vessel can be fatal within minutes, emergency measures must be taken without delay to reduce blood loss until the victim is hospitalized. The recommended procedures here can be applied by anyone who remains calm and competent.

Warning: Use tourniquet only as a last resort, if bleeding cannot be stopped and the situation is life-threatening.


photo courtesy of http://onlinefirstaid.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/bleeding.png
photo courtesy of http://onlinefirstaid.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/bleeding.png
Source

Controlling external bleeding

1. Have patient lie down flat.

2. Place sterile gauze pad, sanitary napkin, clean handkerchief (or in the absence of these, any immediately available materials such as heavy paper or leaves) directly over the open wound.

3. If the bleeding is in the arm, leg, or head, elevate it above the level of the heart by the use of pillows, rolled-up blankets, newspapers, or other improvised props.

4. By the force of gravity, blood loss is reduced if at the same time that affected part is elevated, direct pressure is continued.

5. Apply direct, firm pressure (with your fingers or hand) over the wound; continue pressure 5 to 15 minutes.

6. If bleeding does not stop with prolonged direct pressure, and the wound is in the arm or the leg, apply a tourniquet for 10-15 minutes. Release to see if bleeding has stopped.If not, reapply tourniquet and transport patient to nearest doctor.

7. Do NOT apply a tourniquet until you have first tried pressure upon arteries supplying the arm and leg. This will often stop the bleeding and make the use of a tourniquet unnecessary. (These pressure points are located on the inner side of the upper arm and just below the groin.)

8. Most bleeding, unless from a major vessel, will stop within few minutes. Clean wound thoroughly with plain soap and water. If bleeding is too active, apply a tourniquet for 10 minutes in order to thoroughly cleanse the wound.

9. Bandage to stop bleeding should NOT be applied too tightly that it will interfere with the circulation. If the patient feels it is too tight, or if the tissue below the bandage turns blue in color, cut the bandage down the middle and apply new bandage material more loosely over the original bandage.

10. Take patient to doctor for possible further cleansing and stitching of the wound.

First aid tips for internal bleeding

Internal bleeding will usually evidence itself by the coughing up or vomiting of blood or "coffee ground" appearing material. Bleeding from the urinary tract will show itself upon passage of bloody urine. Bleeding from the intestinal tract will show itself by the blood in the stool or by passage of black, tarry tools. Have such a patient:

  1. Lie flat.
  2. Breathe deeply.
  3. Transport him as soon as possible to a hospital.
  4. Do NOT attempt to give medicines to such patients.


Conclusion

Bleeding from areas where tourniquets cannot be applied, such as the neck, should be treated by applying direct finger pressure over the wound. Keep pressure in place until doctor arrives.

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • beth811 profile imageAUTHOR

    beth811 

    7 years ago from Pearl of the Orient Seas

    @ Pollyannalana - Everybody must know the first aid basics so that when they encounter such incident, life will be saved in the nick of time before medical help arrives.

    Thank you for voting up.

  • Pollyannalana profile image

    Pollyannalana 

    7 years ago from US

    Voted up, great thing for people to know,

    Polly

  • beth811 profile imageAUTHOR

    beth811 

    7 years ago from Pearl of the Orient Seas

    @houstondentalimpl- Turmeric can be topically applied on minor cuts and wounds;but,in PROFUSE BLEEDING, you have to administer first aid first to control bleeding and later you can dab generous amount of it on wounds to prevent infection. Turmeric has antibacterial agent that heals the wounds faster.

    Thanks for reading and commenting.

  • profile image

    houstondentalimpl 

    7 years ago

    Thanks for the information.It will help a lot in the need time.I would like to suggest you another tips to stop bleeding in arm,hand,leg and finger.Spread sufficient quantity of turmeric powder on the wound.It will immediately stop bleeding.

  • beth811 profile imageAUTHOR

    beth811 

    7 years ago from Pearl of the Orient Seas

    Thanks for the bookmarking, blaise.

  • blaise25 profile image

    Fehl Dungo 

    7 years ago from close to you...

    That's very useful and helpful. I have to bookmark it and share with others. Thanks ;)

  • beth811 profile imageAUTHOR

    beth811 

    8 years ago from Pearl of the Orient Seas

    Thank you for visiting, Sandyspider.

  • Sandyspider profile image

    Sandy Mertens 

    8 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

    Thanks for the first aid information.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)