ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

First Aid Through the Years: Could You Save a Loved One?

Updated on June 13, 2017

From The Beginning

First Aid has been around as long as humans have been at war. From ancient hieroglyphics we know that the Egyptians not only used bandages in the mummification process but used them to dress battle wounds also.

Ancient Egypt had become so proficient in their medical practices that surrounding countries sent their brightest young men to Egypt so they could be trained as doctors. We know from history that most ancient Greece doctors received their tuition in Egypt and then returned to Greece, and classical Greek pottery depicts bandaging and other first aid techniques being applied to battle wounds.

Although, at the time the roman army were far more advanced using a capsarii (battle medic) backed up by ambulances accompanying every campaign.

Roman Capsarii - Battle Field Medics
Roman Capsarii - Battle Field Medics | Source


In Amsterdam, due to an unprecedented number of drowning incidents, The Society for the Preservation of Life from Accidents in Water was formed to try and stop the horrific number of deaths due to water accidents.



The power of artificial respiration in resuscitating drowning victims was widely publicized by physician William Hawes and Thomas Cogan. Such was the impact of this amazing revelation that in 1774 Hawes and Cogan formed The Society for The Recovery of Persons Apparently Drowned, which was later renamed The Royal Humane Society.


William Hawes
William Hawes | Source
Thomas Cogan
Thomas Cogan | Source


Although the Romans already utilized ambulances and battleground physicians the credit for creating the first formal ambulance service goes to Napoleon Bonaparte’s personal surgeon, Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey. He created the Volante (flying ambulance) who were responsible for treating and evacuating battlefield casualties.


Larrey's Flying Ambulance
Larrey's Flying Ambulance | Source
Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey
Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey | Source


A gentleman named Jean-Henry Dunant witnessed The Battle of Solferino. The bloody aftermath had such an influence on Dunant that he decided to write a book about his experience, called a memory of Solferino. In this book he had drawn up a plan stating all countries should form associations to give aid to the sick and wounded and it should not matter which side they are on.
In 1863 this plan was implemented and led to the formation of The International Committee of the Red Cross and the adoption of the Geneva Convention a year later.

Jean-Henry Dunant received a Nobel Peace Prize for his achievement.


Henry Dunant - A Memory Of Solferino
Henry Dunant - A Memory Of Solferino | Source


Formalized first aid is introduced into the military by Prussian military surgeon Friedrich von Esmarch who was responsible for training soldiers in wound care, splinting and other first aid practices. It was Esmarch who first coined the term erste hilfe (first aid). One of the primary tools used was the Esmarch bandage which had been designed by Esmarch and had ‘how to’ instructions drawn upon it.


Friedrich von Esmarch
Friedrich von Esmarch | Source
Esmarch bandage
Esmarch bandage | Source


The Order of Saint John of Jerusalem in England realized that hospice care was only a small part of being able to provide quality medical assistance, to be able to provide practical medical help they would have to be able to treat patients at the scene of the accident. This led them to make a grant towards establishing the UKs first Ambulance Service.


The first St John wheeled transport litter is introduced to aid in the transportation of the sick and injured.


Circa 1887 Transport Litter - Ambulance
Circa 1887 Transport Litter - Ambulance | Source


The St John Ambulance Association is created to train men and women in first aid.



First aid skills are taught to civilians for the first time. The first class ever was taught in the Presbyterian school in Woolwich and had a specific curriculum.


The Aims of the Modern First Aider

Preserve life: The objective of any first aider is to preserve life and minimize death.
Prevent further harm: e.g. open an airway, stop bleeding and removing the patient from danger.
Promote recovery: Treat what you see, if it is within your training.

Could You Save a Loved One Quiz?

Could You Recognize and Treat These Common Conditions?

Bone fracture - Simple splinting and bleeding control.
Burns - Cooling of the site, prevention of fluid loss and infection control.
Cardiac Arrest – CPR.
Choking - Back blows and chest thrusts.
Diving injuries, drowning or asphyxiation – Spinal precautions, CPR, general first aid.
Heat stroke, also known as sunstroke or hyperthermia – Cooling, fluid control.
Hyperglycemia and Hypoglycemia – understand insulin levels
Hypothermia - re-warming safely.
Bites and stings – immobilization, bandaging techniques
Joint dislocation – recognize, immobilize.
Seizures – Know what to do and what not to do
Muscle strains and Sprains – As fractures, can you tell the difference?
Stroke – Do you know the F.A.S.T acronym?
Wounds and bleeding – Bleeding control, fluids

If you answered no to any of the questions it is time to either learn new, or refresh your old first aid skills.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)