ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Avoid Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Updated on November 19, 2015

Which STDs can be cured and which can only be treated? For STDs that can only be treated, would you always be contagious? What are the most effective methods to prevent their spread to yourself and your partner? What should you do if you are diagnosed with an STD?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are diseases that are caused by a sexually transmitted infection that produces symptoms (Hales, 2013, p. 346). STDs can last a lifetime, put stress on relationships, causes medical complications, impair fertility, causes birth defects, leads to major illness, and death (Hales, 2013, p. 346). There are two main types of STDs, viral and bacterial; bacterial STDs can be cured with antibiotics if the treatment is started quickly enough while viral STDs cannot be cured, but they can be managed with medications (Understanding Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Disease, n.d.). Some well-known STDs that are treatable are chancroid, scabies, syphilis, trichomoniasis, vaginosis, chlamydia, crabs (Lice), and gonorrhea (The list of Curable and Incurable STDs, 2005).

There are also STDs that are considered cureless, only the symptoms can be treated, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and genital human papillomavirus (HPV) cannot currently be cured (The list of Curable and Incurable STDs, 2005). However, people can be vaccinated against hepatitis, but the vaccine is only effective if it is given before the person contracts hepatitis (The list of Curable and Incurable STDs, 2005). Cureless STDS remain contagious even after they are treated for their symptoms. For instance, even if someone with HIV / AIDS goes through antiretroviral therapy (ART) they still carry the virus in them and it is still contagious (HIV Transmission, 2015). Hepatitis B can be managed with therapy and adrenocorticosteroids, but neither of these treatments reduces the contagion factor (Hepatitis B, n.d.). The warts that come from HPV can be treated, however, even though the symptoms can be treated fully the virus still remains fully contagious and the treatment does not reduce the risk of contagion at all (What Patients Should Know When They Are Diagnosed with Genital Warts, n.d.).

In order to stop the spread of STDs people should use counter measures when engaging in sexual activity. The easiest way for a person to remain safe from STDs is to abstain, be faithful, and use condoms (Hales, 2013, p. 349). People should also make sure that they remain up to date on their vaccinations as there are vaccinations that can prevent certain STDs, like hepatitis. If a person believes they may have contracted an STD, they should seek treatment from a doctor as soon as possible (Hales, 2013, p. 349). If the doctor diagnoses the person with an STD then the person should make sure to follow the doctor’s advice, take any medication prescribed, figure out who gave them the STD and inform the person in case he or she was unaware, and the person should be upfront with all future partners about the STD they have and the possible risks (Hales, 2013, p. 349).


HIV Transmission. (2015, April 27). Retrieved November 4, 2015.

Hales, D. (2013). An invitation to health: Live it now! (16th ed.). Stamford, Conn.: Cengage Learning.

Hepatitis B. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2015, from

The list of Curable and Incurable STDs. (2005, April 2). Retrieved November 4, 2015, from

Understanding Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Disease. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2015, from

What Patients Should Know When They Are Diagnosed with Genital Warts. (n.d.). Retrieved November 4, 2015, from


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)