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How to Lower Your Risk for Diabetic Retinopathy

Updated on May 28, 2013

The involvement of the retina of the eye in patients with diabetes mellitus (diabetic retinopathy) is the most frequent cause of new cases of blindness among adults aged 20-75 years old. During the first twenty years of the disease, nearly all type 1 diabetic patients and more than 60 % of type 2 diabetic patients develop this serious complication

Diabetic retinopathy is a major difficulty of diabetes mellitus, characterized by the appearance of small expansions in the tiny microscopic blood vessels that supply the retina or innermost membrane of the eye, hemorrhages, abnormal veins, and growth of new blood vessels in said membrane and the posterior surface of the vitreous which fills the eye.

For individuals with type‐1 and type‐2 diabetic issues, it is suggested to have an extensive dilated eye evaluation at least once a year. Both type‐1 and type‐2 diabetic issues are at threat for creating retinopathy. Women with diabetic issues who are pregnant are advised to have an extensive dilated eye evaluation as soon as possible as suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy may turn into a difficulty during pregnancy.

Keep Blood stream Glucose within Healthier Limits

Tight control of blood sugar delays the beginning and development of suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy. The blood pressure rise can cause vascular damage itself, and can influence the diabetic retinopathy progression. To sustain healthy perspective, it is critical that you monitor your blood sugar on a regular basis.

Maintain a Healthier Diet

A nutritious eating plan keeps blood sugar fluctuations to a minimum amount. Distributing the intake of carbohydrates throughout the day helps to stabilize blood sugar. Dieticians usually suggest trying to keep your menu as multi-colored as possible, while also including foods rich in fiber.

Have a yearly eye examination

Optometrists and ophthalmologists suggest having a yearly eye evaluation with pupil dilation. Examinations will not avoid suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy, but it is vital to diagnose early signs of retinopathy so that it may be monitored appropriately and treated.

Keep regular blood pressure - Whether you are suffering from diabetic issues or not, it is essential keep your blood pressure regular. If you are a suffering from diabetic issues, hypertension is even more essential. Improved hypertension can result in the beginning or development of suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy. Keeping your blood pressure at or below 130/80 can help avoid possible long-term problems associated with suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy.

Exercise Regularly

Exercise forces your body to make use of excess energy, which leads to extra sugar to be removed from your blood. Work out also helps keep your bodyweight down. Obese individuals are at a much risky of uncontrolled diabetic issues and thus, more serious suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy.

Quit Cigarette smoking - Numerous researches (though there are conflicting studies) show that smoking cigarettes increases the threat for creating suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy. This is believed to be because of the tendency of those who smoke to have higher tension. Whether there is a direct link to suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy has not been fully established. However, giving up smoking does often help with reduced blood pressure.

It is very important to consider that diabetic retinopathy occurs with little or no visual or ophthalmic symptoms until vision loss appears.

Taking care of your blood sugar, hypertension, and blood cholesterol levels can help minimize your chance of creating suffering from diabetic issues retinopathy.


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