ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Help Your Child With "Eating Disorder".

Updated on April 19, 2020
Zura Khan profile image

Learn about "eating disorders", their causes & signs and how to identify it if your child is having it.

Source

Introduction of "Eating Disorders".

In Abnormal/Clinical Psychology, an eating disorder is one of the major disorders that can disrupt one's functioning. According to the American Psychiatric Association, there are three types of disorders that fall under the category of "eating disorder" i-e:

  1. Anorexia Nervosa
  2. Bulimia Nervosa
  3. Binge-eating Disorder

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is a type of eating disorder that starts with a false mindset of a perfect "body image". Usually, it is seen among females than males. Because women are more prone to anorexia nervosa because of the standards of beauty that the media keep on showing. To meet that perfect body image, people most often fell prey to eating disorders like "anorexia Nervosa.

People suffering from anorexia nervosa are often in denial of losing weight than normal. They sometimes starve themselves to the level that they faint off and on. Yet they are always decreasing their intake of food & refusing to eat by the fear of getting fat/gaining weight. Which ultimately, starts affecting the body and physical symptoms start to emerge.

Symptoms

According to DSM-5 (Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders- 5) its symptoms and signs may include:

  • Blood Pressure, pulse rate drops
  • Loss of calcium resulting in osteoporosis
  • Breakage of nails & hair
  • The person may become anemic
  • Constipation
  • There is a fall in body temperature.
  • Mood changes usually depressed and lethargic mood
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Dryness of skin, etc.



Source

Bulimia Nervosa

Eating disorders include the second disorder that is known as "Bulimia Nervosa". This is a type of eating disorder that often goes unnoticed by the people around the sufferer. Because people who are having bulimia nervosa do over-eating to the level that their stomach starts hurting. They don't become as thin as the people who are suffering from anorexia nervosa.

However, bulimia nervosa can get dangerous too for the people who are suffering from it. Because they often eat large amounts of calories at a time that may include sugar & carbohydrates. When they binge eat or after an episode of binge-eating the "guilt" follows! And they do vomitings either by self-inducing it or by eating a large amount of food. Moreover, they use laxatives & diuretics. "Fear of gaining weight" is common in bulimia nervosa as well but they usually hide their binge-eating episodes from other people.

Symptoms and signs

Following are the symptoms & signs of bulimia nervosa that are given by DSM-5 for diagnosis:

  • Usually, there is a decay in their tooth enamel due to stomach acids
  • Kidney issues may occur by using diuretics
  • Dehydration by inducing vomitings
  • Intestinal issues with the misusage of laxatives
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder
  • Puffy/swollen face
  • Inflammation of throat, etc.

Source

Binge Eating Disorder

Binge eating disorder is different from bulimia nervosa in such a way that people eat large amounts of food in a shorter period of time and they do not feel guilty about it. Unlike bulimia nervosa, they are not worried about weight gain and that is why becomes obese. Which ultimately results in other physical complications for them. For instance, they often get cardiovascular disease, diabetes, etc.

According to the "American Psychiatrist Association", a person can be diagnosed with binge-eating disorder if he has one of the following symptoms once in a week for almost three or more months:

  • Rapid eating than usual
  • Binge-eating until stomach aches
  • Eating a lot amount of calories even when not hungry
  • Hiding binge-eating episodes from other people
  • Feeling of guilt or depression after a binge eating episode, etc.



Source

How to Identify if your child is having Eating disorder

It is necessary to keep an eye if you see any change in the eating habits of your child. Usually, eating disorders hit most often to teenagers as they are entering into adolescence and there is also a change in their hormones. Feeling of being known to the world and popularity among friends and family emerge at this stage of development.

This is the reason, parents need to put an eye on their children when they are growing.

Identifying the signs

You need to identify the signs in a change in the behavior of your child. Eating disorders can turn out to be fatal sometimes. So, it is important to identify it in the early stages so that you can work on its recovery. Keep an eye on the weight of your child/adolescent. Whether there is a decrease or increase in weight. If you see any signs talk to your child/adolescent about the change and its possible causes.

Listen to your child

It is important to listen to your child about what he/she has to say about the change in eating habits or behavior. Keep your child/adolescent space to talk or initiate any topic related to body image and notice what he/she has to say about it. what he/she thinks about it. Always give your child a friendly environment at home so that he/she feels open to talking about anything that distresses him/her.

Work on Low Self-esteem Issues

The reason & causes of the emergence of eating disorders in adolescence could probably be "low self-esteem". You, as a parent, need to work on the self-esteem of your children. Give them confidence so that they would cope better in society. Many studies have shown that people who are suffering from eating disorders usually have low levels of self-esteem or low self-confidence. To keep your children mentally healthy you need to work on their confidence. Encourage & appreciate when they do something good or get good grades or paint or sketch.

Avoid Conflicts at home

As adolescence is an age in which individuals are evolving and trying to understand the world. Making new friends, adjusting to different social circles, etc. Thus, it is important to maintain a peaceful environment at your home. Individuals who are exposed to conflicting situations in their early adolescence usually end up trusting their friends more than family. That, sometimes, indulges them in unhealthy habits or behaviors.

Avoid blaming

Blaming yourself or them for eating disorders would not serve you. You need to help them if they got stuck and for that, you need to give them acceptance for their behavior in the first place. Because after acceptance you can convince them for professional help if needed.

Seeking professional Help/Therapy for Your child/adolescent

When you get informed you informed that your child/adolescent is having an eating disorder. Firstly, you need to have patience so that you can cope with this situation properly. Children are always looking at their parents for everything so this is an important step to keep yourself calm.

Then, you can set an appointment with the pediatrician of your child/adolescent for eating disorder treatment. After that, you can also consult a mental health professional for psychotherapy if needed or symptoms get worse.

In short, identifying the signs & symptoms at the early stage of an eating disorder will help you take the necessary steps for your child which ultimately, would turn out to be beneficial for both of you!!

This content is for informational purposes only and does not substitute for formal and individualized diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed medical professional. Do not stop or alter your current course of treatment. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2020 Zura Rubab Khan

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Zura Khan profile imageAUTHOR

      Zura Rubab Khan 

      6 weeks ago from Pakistan

      Thank you!

    • bhattuc profile image

      Umesh Chandra Bhatt 

      6 weeks ago from Kharghar, Navi Mumbai, India

      Well presented. Keep up your good work in HP.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)