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Hypertension - High Blood Pressure - Can be reduced by Diet

Updated on August 10, 2013

Your Heart

Look after your heart
Look after your heart | Source

High Blood Pressure

Around 30% of people in the UK have high blood pressure and don't realise it, if left untreated it can increase the risk of a heart attack or stroke.

The problem is that there is no way of knowing you have it, as there are no symptoms and can go undetected for years, the best way to find out is to have a blood pressure test with your doctor, at least every 5 years.

When the pressure is too high it puts a stain on your arteries and heart, then in turn can cause heart attack, stroke or kidney disease.

People at risk are those who are overweight and don't do enough exercise, but it can also be an inherited disease.

People who eat too much salt and drink too much alcohol also have increased risk of getting high blood pressure.

Diet is vitally important in preventing and reducing high blood pressure

The right diet combined with exercise can reduce a person getting hypertension dramatically, a small amount of weight loss will be extremely beneficial to anyone with high blood pressure, and keeping their weight at a correct level and exercising is worth a great deal to everyone

DASH - Diet

The DASH diet is a study carried out in America, by the American Heart Association and the National Cancer Institute.

DASH = Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension

The diet is for anyone with normal to high blood pressure, it is not really a diet but an overall eating plan that researchers found in 8 weeks of following the plan the people who took part saw their blood pressure reduce significantly

The plan focuses on what you can eat, not what you can not.

It is a plan that includes lots of fruit, vegetables, complex carbohydrates and low-fat dairy. Reducing sodium (salt), fat, saturated fat and cholesterol, while increasing levels of potassium, magnesium and calcium.

It is important to note that a potassium supplement will not be good enough, the potassium has to come from the food you are eating for you to see the full benefits.

This plan is a life long plan and not a quick fix, if you go back to eating salty, fatty foods again the hypertension will increase.

This is not a difficult diet to follow and it is mainly sensible eating, but targeting reducing the blood pressure and therefore reducing the risks that come with it. Anyone can benefit from this plan it is a good plan for a whole family and it will teach you to eat well and eat healthy. It just takes a bit of thought when buying and preparing food.


Bananas

good source of potassium and full of vitamins
good source of potassium and full of vitamins

What should you eat?

Before I tell you what you can eat you need to know what a portion is.

A Cup - is 250 milliliters

1oz - 28.35 grams

A piece of fruit is one portion

1 tablespoon of butter or oil is a portion

2 tablespoons of low fat dressing

How to go about the plan

You can eat anything, it is just being a bit more aware of what you do eat every day and taking a bit of time to think and plan.

Low fat at all times and of course low salt if eating in a restaurant or buying tinned vegetables

Limit your alcohol intake to 2 units for a man or less and 1 unit for a woman or less daily.

Never binge drink, this will put extra pressure on your system and is not good for anyone.

The plan is adjusting how you cook, and what you eat. Do not butter your bread. Steam or grill meat and fish, don't fry, and don't add salt to your food at the table

Always read the labels and check for salt content, always try to buy fresh fruit and vegetables or frozen can be just as good.

Try to exercise every day to get your blood circulating, go for a walk, or a bike ride, don't take the car if going to the shops, walk to work if you can. Try to get outside in the fresh air for about at least half an hour a day, and you will soon see a difference in the way you feel, exercise is as important as eating the right foods.

How to reduce the salt in your diet

Limit cured food such as bacon and ham to as little as possible.

Limit, Soy sauce, ketchup and barbecue sauce

Do not have salt on the dining table, and if possible flavour with herbs or spices instead

Lemon or lime squeezed over salad as a dressing is a nice low calorie way to dress your salad

Don't choose anything in brine such as tinned fish or olives

Check the nutrition label for the salt content and try to choose the item with the least salt in it.

Cut out crisps, snack on a few nuts or an apple instead, you will soon get used to it and feel better for it.

How to increase potassium in your diet


Increase food such as banana's, potatoes, mushrooms,Swiss chard, white beans, yam, coriander, red and white cabbage these are all good sources of potassium. Lima beans and spinach are excellent sources of potassium

It is surprising how much you can change your diet and it will not cost any more, it is really just adjusting your eating habits. The list of potassium rich food is varied so you will have no problem finding something you like.

The table below helps you to plan out how many portions you should have in a day. If you need to loose weight then just reduce your portion size but try to include each food group every week. Fish is a really good source of protein and nutrients.

The Portion Amounts Daily

Food Group
Portions
Significant Food Group
Type of food
Grains and grain products
7-8
Carbohydrates and fibre
Whole meal bread, rice, pasta, cereals
Vegetables
4-5
Potassium, magnesium & fibre
Peas, carrots, sweet potato, potato, lima beans
Fruit
4-5
Potassium, Magnesium & fibre
Banana's, apples, apricots
Low-fat milk products
2-3
Calcium, protein, potassium and magnesium
Low fat yoghurt, skimmed milk
Meat, poultry & fish
2 -3
Protein and magnesium
Lean chicken, lean beef, cod
Nuts, seeds and beans
4-5 a week
Magnesium, potassium, protein & fibre
Almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts
Fats and oils
2-3
Fats
Olive oil, corn oil, low fat dressings
DASH Diet

Tuna Pita Pockets

This recipe shows you how easy it is to eat a healthy lunch for the whole family, I used canned tuna in water. Tuna is a good source of low fat protein, it also has iron, magnesium vitamin B-12, B6, calcium and selenium.

Tomatoes are good sources of potassium and vitamin C

Green peppers are rich in vitamin C, also contain vitamin A and potassium.

This is a quick and easy recipe that is really nutritious and low in fat, but won't leave you hungry.

Rate this recipe

5 stars from 1 rating of Tuna Pita Pockets

Cook Time

Prep time: 20 min
Ready in: 20 min
Yields: Serves 6

Ingredients

  • 1 and a half cups Lettuce, Shredded
  • 6 Tomatoes, Chopped
  • 1 Green pepper, Chopped
  • 2 Carrots, Grated
  • 1 Onion, Chopped
  • 2 small cans Tuna in water, drained
  • Low fat dressing
  • 6 Whole-wheat pita pockets

Instructions

  1. In a large bowl put all the salad ingredients and toss to mix together
  2. In a smaller bowl put in the tuna and the low fat dressing, mix well and break up the tuna
  3. Add the tuna to the salad and mix together to combine
  4. Scoop the mixture into the pita pockets and serve

Fresh Food

Starting Off

To start with jot down what you are eating and be more mindful of what you put in your body. This plan, is life long, so it needs to become a habit, you don't want a rush into it, take it easy at first if it is a huge change.

When you have made a few notes about what you are eating, then think about how you can change your habits.

Then make the changes and stick to them, you will find food that you enjoy and your taste will change, you will notice the amount of sweet or salt in foods, when you reduce it and get used to it. Also drink plenty of water to flush out your system, we do tend not to drink enough for our bodies really.

Most of all, the food you are eating should be fresh and enjoyable, not just something you eat because you are hungry, picking up anything pre-made. You have got time to do it yourself, and you will start to enjoy planning tasty nutritious meals for you and your family. This plan is for everyone, everyone in the family can benefit from eating a healthy diet and getting out in the fresh air.

© 2013 Lavender Jade

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    • peachpurple profile image

      peachy 3 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      Thank you very much for posting this useful hub, my dad has hypertension and he doesn't t know what he should and shouldn't t eat, I will share this hub with him and hopefully will help him feel better. Voted up

    • Lavender Jade profile image
      Author

      Lavender Jade 3 years ago from Derbyshire

      Thank you for voting up, I am glad you found it useful.

    • profile image

      Maninder Pal 3 years ago

      Very nice info....... I like it...:)

    • Lavender Jade profile image
      Author

      Lavender Jade 3 years ago from Derbyshire

      Thank you Maninder Pal

    • JenniferFantroy profile image

      Jennifer Fantroy 3 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

      Is it possible to get high blood pressure from an untreated injury that matastize into arthritis for example?

    • Lavender Jade profile image
      Author

      Lavender Jade 3 years ago from Derbyshire

      Hi Jennifer, I am sorry, I don't know the answer to your question. I think you would be better seeing your doctor, so that all the facts are known

      Kind regards

    • JenniferFantroy profile image

      Jennifer Fantroy 3 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

      Thanks - not looking for an answer for myself! I do believe that there are other causes of high blood pressure and not just eating the right foods and exercise. Illness and injury can also elevate the blood pressure and fixing them could stabilize the pressure.

    • Lavender Jade profile image
      Author

      Lavender Jade 3 years ago from Derbyshire

      Yes I agree, I was just writing about how some people could help themselves more and prevent getting high blood pressure by looking after themselves. Some people have it because it is inherited, so there is very little they can do apart from trying to do all the right things and taking drugs. I do only say "helped" by diet, which it can.

    • Mel Carriere profile image

      Mel Carriere 3 years ago from San Diego California

      I have never had high blood pressure, even though I am closer to 50 than 40 now. Furthermore, I have a very poor diet. I have been told that tall people have a lesser risk of high blood pressure. Is this true? Very helpful hub!

    • Lavender Jade profile image
      Author

      Lavender Jade 3 years ago from Derbyshire

      Hi mel, I have not heard that about tall people, how very interesting, I will hand to look into it, thanks for your comments

    • dwelburn profile image

      David 3 years ago from Chesterfield, UK

      Some good tips to help prevent or reverse hypertension.

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