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Key Information About Osteoporosis

Updated on November 28, 2022
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Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Osteoporosis is defined as a bone density T score of -2.5 or below. Worldwide, this medical condition causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds.

"Known as the “silent thief,” osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens bones to the point where they break easily," said Dr Elena Volpi.

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Wikimedia Commons | Source


Osteoporosis can be caused due to various reasons, including calcium deficiency, low estrogen or testosterone levels, surgical removal of ovaries, kidney problems, hyperthyroidism, low peak bone mass, hormonal imbalance, anorexia and vitamin D deficiency.

Healthy Person Vs Osteoporosis Patient

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Wikimedia Commons | Source

Risk Factors

Risk factors for developing osteoporosis include a sedentary lifestyle, use of glucocorticoids, smoking and having inflammatory arthritis, among others.


The condition is often called a "silent disease" because bone loss can happen slowly and without any warning signs.

Back pain, weight loss, stooped posture and easily breakable bone are some known symptoms of osteoporosis.

Stooped Posture Is a Symptom of Osteoporosis

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Wikimedia Commons | Source


Osteoporosis is a condition of skeletal fragility characterized by reduced bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with a consequent increase in risk of fracture. Low bone mass is thus visualized as a risk factor for fracture.

Even sneezing or a minor fall could lead to fracture when one is suffering from the condition.


Osteoporosis remains significantly underdiagnosed. It is diagnosed via bone mineral density scans known as bone densitometry or dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, or DXA, also written as DEXA.


Many orthopaedic surgeons are of the opinion that early diagnosis and treatment can help reduce fracture risk.

Women younger than 75 years and men under 60 years can expect to live at least 15 more years after beginning treatment.

Randomized clinical trials among women and men aged 50 years and older have shown that those with clinically recognized osteoporosis benefit significantly from drug treatment that prevents fractures.

Providers often recommend oral bisphosphonates for osteoporosis due to their effectiveness and relative affordability.

Bisphosphonates, like alendronate (Binosto, Fosamax), ibandronate acid (Boniva), and risedronic acid (Actonel, Atelva) treat osteoporosis by keeping the body from breaking down bone.

Abaloparatide is a parathyroid hormone-related protein analog medicine. It is an anabolic agent that was approved to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis in the USA in the year 2017.

Never self-medicate without the advice of a doctor because the risk of atypical femur fractures increases with prolonged use of bisphosphonates.

Yoga can be a beneficial addition to your osteoporosis treatment. It may help ease symptoms, improve bone health, and lower your risk of complications.

Resistance exercises for osteoporosis can build bone density, which can reduce a person’s risk of fractures and breaks.

Low-intensity vibration therapy offers an innovative way to prevent and combat osteoporosis, that may assist existing support services.

How best to treat patients with osteoporosis is a really simple issue when it comes to beginning treatment, but deciding how long to treat for is really very challenging.

— Dr Bo Abrahamsen


No matter your age, you can take steps to build bone mass and prevent bone loss.

Include low-fat dairy products, dark green, leafy vegetables, tofu, almonds, orange juice, cereals, and breads in your diet.

Milk is good for your bones. The reason being, milk is a wonderful source of calcium ⁠— one of the two nutrients that can help your bones retain strength.

Ensuring an adequate calcium intake is important. Adults aged 19 years and above should consume 1,000 milligrams (mg) a day. Women aged 51 years and over, and all adults from 71 years should have a daily intake of 1,200 mg.

Acidic food items like meat and sweets could take away calcium out of the bones. Avoid them.

Regular exercise is essential. Adults aged 19 to 64 should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as cycling or fast walking, every week.

Do yoga daily. Vrksasana (Tree Pose), Trikonasana (Triangle Pose), Setu Bandhasana (Bridge Pose), Supta Padangustasana (Reclining Hand-to-Big-Toe Pose) and Savasana keep the bones strong and healthy.

Many experts are of the opinion that yoga is critical to bone health. It improves bone density and facilitates absorption of nutrients.

Adding weight-bearing activities like running, plyometrics, or weight lifting to cross-training can help make your bones stronger and reduce your osteoporosis risk.

Getting enough sunlight is important for your vitamin D levels. Not getting enough vitamin D from sunlight or your diet can cause a deficiency, which harms your bones.

According to a study conducted in August 2022, there is a particular variety of cheese that could beat bone loss – it is Jarlsberg. The study was published in the BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health journal.


  • Osteoporosis is defined as a bone density T score of -2.5 or below.
  • Vitamin D can cause osteoporosis.
  • Use of glucocorticoids increases the risk of osteoporosis.
  • Back pain is a symptom of osteoporosis.
  • DXA is used to diagnose osteoporosis.
  • Bisphosphonates are used to treat osteoporosis.
  • Yoga can prevent osteoporosis.

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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R


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