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Key Information About Osteoporosis

Updated on July 11, 2019
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Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Osteoporosis is defined as a bone density T score of -2.5 or below. Worldwide, this medical condition causes more than 8.9 million fractures annually, resulting in an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds.

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Wikimedia Commons | Source

Causes

Osteoporosis can be caused due to various reasons, including calcium deficiency, low estrogen or testosterone levels, surgical removal of ovaries, kidney problems, hyperthyroidism, low peak bone mass, hormonal imbalance, anorexia and vitamin D deficiency.

Healthy Person Vs Osteoporosis Patient

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Wikimedia Commons | Source

Risk Factors

Risk factors for developing osteoporosis include a sedentary lifestyle, use of glucocorticoids, smoking and having inflammatory arthritis, among others.

Symptoms

The condition is often called a "silent disease" because bone loss can happen slowly and without any warning signs.

Back pain, weight loss, stooped posture and easily breakable bone are some known symptoms of osteoporosis.

Stooped Posture Is a Symptom of Osteoporosis

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Wikimedia Commons | Source

Pathophysiology

Osteoporosis is a condition of skeletal fragility characterized by reduced bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue with a consequent increase in risk of fracture. Low bone mass is thus visualized as a risk factor for fracture.

Diagnosis

Osteoporosis is diagnosed via bone mineral density scans known as bone densitometry or dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, or DXA, also written as DEXA.

Treatment

Women younger than 75 years and men under 60 years can expect to live at least 15 more years after beginning treatment.

Randomized clinical trials among women and men aged 50 years and older have shown that those with clinically recognized osteoporosis benefit significantly from drug treatment that prevents fractures.

Bisphosphonates, like alendronate (Binosto, Fosamax), ibandronate acid (Boniva), and risedronic acid (Actonel, Atelva) treat osteoporosis by keeping the body from breaking down bone.

How best to treat patients with osteoporosis is a really simple issue when it comes to beginning treatment, but deciding how long to treat for is really very challenging.

— Dr Bo Abrahamsen

Prevention

No matter your age, you can take steps to build bone mass and prevent bone loss.

Include low-fat dairy products, dark green, leafy vegetables, tofu, almonds, orange juice, cereals, and breads in your diet.

Milk is good for your bones. The reason being, milk is a wonderful source of calcium ⁠— one of the two nutrients that can help your bones retain strength.

Ensuring an adequate calcium intake is important. Adults aged 19 years and above should consume 1,000 milligrams (mg) a day. Women aged 51 years and over, and all adults from 71 years should have a daily intake of 1,200 mg.

Regular exercise is essential. Adults aged 19 to 64 should do at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, such as cycling or fast walking, every week.

Do yoga daily. Vrksasana (Tree Pose), Trikonasana (Triangle Pose), Setu Bandhasana (Bridge Pose), Supta Padangustasana (Reclining Hand-to-Big-Toe Pose) and Savasana keep the bones strong and healthy.

Adding weight-bearing activities like running, plyometrics, or weight lifting to cross-training can help make your bones stronger and reduce your osteoporosis risk.

Summary

  • Osteoporosis is defined as a bone density T score of -2.5 or below.
  • Vitamin D can cause osteoporosis.
  • Use of glucocorticoids increases the risk of osteoporosis.
  • Back pain is a symptom of osteoporosis.
  • DXA is used to diagnose osteoporosis.
  • Bisphosphonates are used to treat osteoporosis.
  • Yoga can prevent osteoporosis.

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This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

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