ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Key Information About Urinary Tract Infection

Updated on July 27, 2019
srirad0675 profile image

Srikanth is passionate about helping people improve their quality of life.

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that can occur in any area of the urinary tract, including the ureters, bladder, kidneys, or urethra.

And estimated 50 percent of women report having had a UTI at some point in their lives.

Types

 
Acute pyelonephritis
Cystitis
Urethritis
Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Causes

Cystitis (bladder infection) is usually caused by E. coli and other bacteria. E. coli also causes acute pyelonephritis (kidney infection). Urethritis (urethra infection) can be caused by herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia and mycoplasma.

Urinary tract infections are more common in girls and women than in boys and men.

E. coli

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons | Source

Symptoms

Chills, fever, back pain, groin pain, nausea, flank pain, vomiting, cloudy, dark, bloody, or foul-smelling urine and frequent, painful urination are some symptoms of acute pyelonephritis.

Symptoms of cystitis include traces of blood in the urine, dark, cloudy, or strong-smelling urine, pain just above the pubic bone, in the lower back, or in the abdomen, burning sensation when urinating, and urinating frequently or feeling the need to urinate frequently.

The main symptom of urethritis is pain while urinating. Other symptoms include feeling the frequent or urgent need to urinate and difficulty starting urination.

Treatment

Ciprofloxacin, fluoroquinolone, amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium, cephalosporin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole are used to treat acute pyelonephritis.

Antibiotics are the first line of treatment for cystitis caused by bacteria. Which drugs are used and for how long depend on the patient's overall health and the bacteria found in the urine.

Some common treatments for urethritis include azithromycin, doxycycline, erythromycin, ofloxacin and levofloxacin.

Prevention

There is no vaccine for acute pyelonephritis. Increase fluid intake to at least eight glasses per day to maintain bladder hygiene.

Always respond to initial urge to void. Void after intercourse to rid urethra of bacteria acquired during sex, and if there is a history of atypical anatomy or recurrent urinary tract infections.

To prevent cystitis do not use perfumed bubble bath, soap, or talcum powder around your genitals.

Have a shower, rather than a bath, to avoid exposing your genitals to the chemicals in your cleaning products for too long.

Empty your bladder fully when you go to the toilet. Do not wait to go if you need to urinate.

Sexual abstinence is the best way to prevent urethritis. Have sex with only one uninfected partner.

Practice good hygiene prior to sexual activity. Use mild, unscented soap. Showers are less likely to promote urethritis than baths.

Drink water prior to sexual intercourse and urinate within 15 minutes afterward. If necessary, use a water-soluble lubricant to decrease the risk of injury during intercourse.

Source

Summary

Urinary tract infection can affect ureters, bladder, kidneys, or urethra.

Herpes can cause urethritis.

Flank pain is a symptom of acute pyelonephritis.

Antibiotics are used to treat cystitis.

There are no vaccines for acute pyelonephritis.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.

© 2019 Srikanth R

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      5 weeks ago

      Thank you for the valuable input.

    • Rotsucht profile image

      Rotsucht 

      5 weeks ago from Everywhere

      Good article. Gives a nice overview on urinary tract infections. I just have a small comment. Uncomplicated first time cystitis in adults with a healthy functioning immune system does not require treatment with antibiotics. Symptomatic treatment (hot water bottle and/or pain medication), rest and drinking a lot of fluids to flush the bacteria out should be enough in most cases. Antibiotics have side effects and bacteria are becoming more and more resistant because of overprescription.

    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      5 weeks ago

      Thank you.

    • Lorna Lamon profile image

      Lorna Lamon 

      5 weeks ago

      Good article and your tips are extremely useful.

    • srirad0675 profile imageAUTHOR

      Srikanth R 

      5 weeks ago

      Welcome.

    • swalia profile image

      Shaloo Walia 

      5 weeks ago from India

      helpful information. thanks for sharing!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)