- Diseases, Disorders & Conditions
Know the Risk of Heart Disease in Younger Women with Diabetes
People who have diabetes are at higher risk of getting heart attack. In normal case, women have lower risk of heart disease than men of the same age. But the younger women under the age of 60 are showing more tendencies to have cardiac problems if they are diabetic.
Statistics show that more women are affected by the cardiac problems in younger years than their male counterparts. The fact is that the men generally have more chance to have cardiac problems than women, but diabetes has very little effect on them to have the attack of heart diseases when compared with the probability of the younger women diabetic patients. Researches show that women of any age who have diabetes are at a high risk of coronary artery disease.
Human Heart Problems
Heart disease refers to the problems of heart and blood vessel system. Cardiovascular diseases (CAD) include coronary heart disease, heart attack, chest pain and rheumatic heart disease. Some risk factors of this disease such as old age and heredity cannot be changed, but some other risk factors including diabetes can be changed or managed by taking appropriated remedial measures.
Heart related diseases are the biggest reason for death among women globally, when compared with other fatal diseases in women such as cancer, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS etc. More than 8.6 million women are dying annually because of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Among women, some groups are more prone to cardiovascular diseases. Older women, black women, women after menopause and women who have early menopause either by naturally or by means of hysterectomy have more chance to develop cardiac problems. After the menopause, the estrogen production will reduce substantially and this will become a reason to increase the risk of CAD attack in women.
Risk Factors of Heart Problems in Women
- Body weight plays an important role in heart diseases. Obese women, even if they are physically active, have the risk of coronary heart disease 2.48 times higher than the women of normal weight.
- Women with high blood pressure have 3.5 times higher risk of developing the disease.
- Smoking increases the risk and more use of cigarettes will increase the risk to a higher level.
- Exposure to passive smoking will also increase the risk.
- Age and heredity are two decisive factors that increase the risk of having coronary heart problems.
Early identification of the disease and taking the correct treatment will help. Women, who do not perceive heart problems in time, will have more threat to their health. Education among women about the importance to take heart-protective actions is very important to bring down the death rates in women due to CVD. World Heart Federation published some guidelines with some suggestions for the women who have high risk of CVD, that they should check their blood pressure, cholesterol and blood glucose levels regularly.
Diabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar level is very high. The two main types of diabetes are type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. During pregnancy, a third type of diabetes is developing in some women which known as gestational diabetes.
The fact is that the one third of the diabetic patients are not aware about the presence of the disease in their system. They will come to know about this only when some health complication will arise. This may lead to more severe health problems because diabetes can lead to nerve damage, kidney failure, blindness and heart disease.
Diabetic Younger Women and Heart Diseases
Younger women with diabetics have higher mortality rate than men of same age. When comparing with men who have heart problems, women will be more disabled by a stroke or heart attack and they will experience more serious health problems after the heart attack than men with the same physical disorder.
The reason for the heart problems in younger diabetic women may be genetic and hormone differences between men and women. The difference in the lifestyle behaviors and medication compliance also are the reasons for this predisposition. Type 2 diabetes raises the risk of heart disease in premenopausal women and in the initial years of menopause. The plaque buildup in the arteries was more common among the women with type 2 diabetes than in women without the disease, regardless of age, heredity, high blood pressure or menopausal status.
The Diabetic Heart Disease
The diabetic heart disease (DHD) is a more serious health condition because it can cause higher risk of forming more cardiac problems even if you are in your younger age and it may lead to develop more severity to the heart diseases. People who have type 1 and type 2 diabetes can develop DHD. Diabetic heart disease may include coronary heart disease, heart failure and cardiomyopathy.
- In coronary artery disease (CHD), the supply of oxygen-rich blood will be reduced to the heart muscles because of the plaque buildup in the coronary arteries. This can lead to chest pain (angina), irregular heart beats (arrhythmias) and heart attack.
- Heart failure is a condition when your heart is not in a position to pump enough blood as per the requirement of the body and this is a very serious condition which requires immediate medical care.
- Diabetic cardiomyopathy damages the function and the structure of the heart and it leads to heart failure and irregular heart beats.
When you know that you have some problems with your heart, you should take immediate steps to control the hemoglobin A1C and blood sugar along with the regulation of your blood pressure level within the healthy limit that is less than 140/80 mmHg. Some lifestyle changes such as doing regular exercises, reducing the overweight, stress management and avoidance of smoking habit are also necessary to fight against this disorder. Life style changes and taking the prescribed medicines can help to control these risk factors. Physical activities are more helpful in many ways because it will help to control blood sugar, regulate blood pressure, reduce body weight and manage stress.
A1C checking will give you an idea about the average blood glucose for the past 2 or 3 months. Controlling the blood pressure is also important because high blood pressure will make your heart to work harder. Maintenance of the cholesterol (LDL) level is very necessary because LDL cholesterol can clog your arteries and that will lead to a heart attack.
Hardening of the arteries or the buildup of cholesterol on blood vessels is the main cause of heart disease and heart attack in diabetic patients. The condition of high blood sugar level will reduce the flow of blood to the heart and brain and it will directly affect the pumping ability of the heart. This will lead to heart failure or stroke.
Diabetes and other problems related to it can be managed by the maintaining a balanced diet, weight reduction, regular exercises and periodic checkups. If the blood sugar levels are not in control, the nerves and the blood vessels will be damaged and body will loose the ability to fight against infections. In addition the cardiac problems, vision problems, foot infections, skin infections, blood circulation problems and gum problems can be originated if the diabetes is not managed properly.
Practicing yoga regularly is a best alternative to control your diabetes, heart problems and overweight. Yoga is very good for the overall development of the body. There are many suitable exercise (asana) are available in yoga for diabetes, heart disease and for reducing overweight. Regular yoga practice will help to overcome almost all the physical discomforts easily. Anybody can practice yoga exercises, even if the person is a sick man or in old age. Do the practice under the supervision of a trained supervisor or watching yoga videos.