ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Living with Schizophrenia – Role of Family And Society In Rehabilitation Process

Updated on April 26, 2015

Schizophrenia is a chronic brain disorder which is capable to affect the patient’s feelings and actions. Statistics shows that nearly 1% of the total adult population of the world is suffering from this disease. It usually appears in late adolescence or in early adulthood period of life. In USA, it is estimated that 1.1% of the adult population (age 18 and above) is having the attack of schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia is not similar to other mental disorders such as split personality or multiple personality. Schizophrenic patient shows withdrawn character and often shows difficulty in expressing normal emotions in related situations. Loss of personality, confusion, social withdrawal etc. is the initial symptoms of schizophrenia. Since the patient is having delusions and hallucinations as the symptoms of the disease, he/she may strongly doubt that others are controlling their thoughts or plotting against them.

Schizophrenic patient really needs assistance and support from the family and society. The family of the patient will be suffered greatly, when one of its members is suffering from schizophrenia. The patient does not have the ability to continue his/her regular job or work and also he/she has to rely on others for their personal functions also.

An Interview With A Schizophrenic Patient

Examining A Schizophrenic Patient
Examining A Schizophrenic Patient | Source

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenic patients usually identified by some common symptoms that are associated with the disorder. They are delusion, disorganized speech, disorganized behavior, absence of normal behavior and hallucination. In addition to the delusions about eccentric ideas and fantasies, hallucinations (auditory and visual) about some matters that are closely related to the patients are also very common.

Disorganized speech is common among the schizophrenic patients because of their inability to concentrate on the main topic of conversation or because of rapid shifting from topic to topic etc. Usage of meaningless words or phrases and repetition of the statements are also common. Lack of motivation, unawareness about the illness and social withdrawal are also can be identified in these patients.

Schizophrenia-Overview & Symptoms

Causes of Schizophrenia – Is Schizophrenia Genetic?

  • Dysfunction of the brain message service is the main cause of this disorder. Brain consists of a lot of nerve cells and the ending of these nerve cells release neurotransmitters (chemicals) for the communication between different cells. Improper functioning of this vital function is the cause of schizophrenia.
  • Is schizophrenia genetic? Studies show that there is some relation exists between heredity and schizophrenia. A ten percent of the people with first-degree relationship (parents, siblings etc.) with a schizophrenic patient have higher risk for developing the disorder and the risk level is very high for identical twins. If any of the second-degree relative (cousins, aunts, uncles etc.) is having this disease, then also there is a chance for the attack of schizophrenia. But statistics shows that 60% of the total schizophrenic patients have no family members or other relatives with this disorder.
  • Environmental and emotional factors also play some important roles in the development of schizophrenia. Premature birth or low oxygen levels during the birth, sexual abuse in early childhood, exposure to some virus during infancy and early loss of parental support etc. are some of the examples for these causes.
  • Regular usage of some drugs such as cannabis and LSD will become the cause for the development of schizophrenia.

Types of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is classified into different types according to the nature of the symptoms shown by the patient. The important types are Paranoid Schizophrenia, Disorganized Schizophrenia, Residual Schizophrenia, Catatonic Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorder.

Effects of Schizophrenia in Family and Society

The patient shows strong withdrawal symptoms and often complains about his/her delusions and hallucinations. Giving proper attention for the fulfillment of daily functions is not possible by the patient, so the other members of the family have to assist him/her to lead a normal life. The patient’s relationship with other members of the family and with the members of the society will be affected by his/her paranoid behavior.

Increased suicide risk is common among schizophrenic patients, so close attention by the family members is very necessary. As an effort to reduce the discomforts of the disease, the patient may use alcohol or drugs in increased quantities; smoking habit also may be increased. These bad habits will produce negative effects on the health of the patients and also it will reduce the effectiveness of the medicines prescribed by the doctor to cure the disorder.

Can Schizophrenia Be Cured?

There is no cure for schizophrenia, but with proper treatment and with social support many people with schizophrenia became able to lead productive lives.

Mathematician John F Nash
Mathematician John F Nash | Source

The life of Nobel laureate John F Nash is an example for how to live with schizophrenia. He is a mathematician and worked as a professor at Princeton University in USA. He won Nobel Prize in 1994 and lived with paranoid schizophrenia most of his life. He managed to lead a normal life even without taking any medicines. ‘A Beautiful Mind’ is a Hollywood film made based on the life of John F Nash.

The right treatment for this disorder should be a combination of drug administration and implementation of different psycho social therapies. People with schizophrenia often do not admit that they need any medical assistance; so they resist any type of treatment at first. The most essential thing to do for helping the patient is to convince him/her about the importance of consulting a competent medical professional for getting relief from the discomforts of the disorder.

Couselling | Source

A psychiatrist will prescribe the medicines required, but family members or trained health professionals should co-ordinate different group activities for the improvement of the behavior aspect of the patient. The patient will get educated through these group activities and gradually become able to manage his/her day-to-day affairs without others help.

Anti-psychotic drugs will help to control the hallucinations and the delusions of the patients effectively. But there will be some side effects for these medicines which have to be tolerated by the patients. Some of the side effects of anti-psychotic medicines are blurred vision, constipation, drowsiness, dry mouth etc.

Therapy Session
Therapy Session | Source

Psychotherapy or rehabilitation therapy will become useful for the patients because it will create confidence in them for doing regular functions such as personal hygiene, cooking, communicating etc. Therapies are not treatments and they should be coordinated along with appropriate medicines.

Specific programs should be planned and conducted in the community health centers for the rehabilitation of the schizophrenia patients of that locality. A trained health professional should act as the coordinator of these programs. Complete cure of this disorder is not possible normally, so lifelong support by the medicines and by the society is a must for the patient to lead a healthy and productive life. With enough support from the family and from the community, the patient will become able to lead a healthy life even without using medicines (or by using the medicines in reduced quantities) after getting recovery from the initial attack of schizophrenia.

Living With Schizophrenia

Most of the help should come from the family and from the community. Family members should always maintain calmness in their behavior to the patient and they should arrangements to get more help from the community support group. Also take a close watch for the timely intake of the medicines prescribed by the psychiatrist.

Since this disorder is not completely curable, the success of living with schizophrenia is based on the intake of the prescribed medicines and successful psycho-social rehabilitation programs, self-help groups, employment programs and therapy, counseling services that are available to the patients. Successful treatment for schizophrenia is aimed to get relief from the symptoms of the disorder and to restore the patient’s ability to function normally in the society.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • unvrso profile image

      Jose Juan Gutierrez 

      3 years ago from Mexico City

      I had a relation with someone with schizophrenia and I can say that sharing moments with her was not an easy task. Hopefully, she was able to live normally, after some treatment.

    • Tom Marshal profile imageAUTHOR

      Tom Marshal 

      3 years ago from India

      Zeenat Rasool,

      Thanks for finding time to read my article and share your comment.

    • zeenat rasool profile image


      3 years ago from Bangalore, India

      its very useful... thanks for sharing.

    • Tom Marshal profile imageAUTHOR

      Tom Marshal 

      3 years ago from India

      Dear Luis,

      Hallucination is one of the symptoms of schizophrenia. Delusions and hallucinations are strong symptoms of schizophrenia.

    • Luis G Asuncion profile image

      Luis G. Asuncion 

      3 years ago from City of San Jose Del Monte, Bulacan, Philippines

      Does hallucination is schizophrenia?

    • Tom Marshal profile imageAUTHOR

      Tom Marshal 

      3 years ago from India

      Hi Denise,

      Schizophrenic disorder is not completely curable, but with proper care and attention your daughter can lead nearly normal life. But miracles can happen anytime..... so pray to God to give complete recovery to your daughter. Wishing your daughter a speedy recovery.

    • denise.w.anderson profile image

      Denise W Anderson 

      3 years ago from Bismarck, North Dakota

      My daughter was diagnosed with schizzoaffective disorder several years ago following her second stint in the hospital with delusions and hallucinations. It took longer to bring her around the second time, she had become so lost in the delusional thinking and hallucinations that we could not have her in our home. After several months, medications were found that enabled her to became grounded enough to come home. Since then, through counseling and therapy, she has discovered ways to deal with the delusions and hallucinations when they first start, and she has been able to function somewhat normally. Stress seems to exacerbate the problem, however, and she is unable to work outside of our home or be involved with activities that require higher level thinking skills.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)