ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Menstruation Cycle: What Every Teenager Girl Should Know

Updated on October 2, 2011

The menstruation cycle is a pretty interesting topic for ladies especially for teenagers. “Are you ready to become a woman?” Usually this is how some people refer to the time when a girl has her first menstruation.

Some girls are pretty excited about the whole growing up thing and can’t wait to have their first menstruation. Some view this question playfully while others see the whole process as a serious thing. But is it really appropriate to use the words “becoming a woman” when it happens to a child? Most girls begin to menstruate between the ages of 12 and 15. Some girls as early as 9 years old or as late as 17.

The fact is that when you are already menstruating, you can already be impregnated. Yes, don’t miss this important fact! Your body has now the ability to get pregnant and have babies. But for the most parts like emotionally and mentally, you still have a long way to go to becoming a wonderful mature woman that I am sure you would like to be.

The first menstruation as I said can be taken lightly or solemnly. Either way, girls should know it is coming or it may frighten them. Knowledge of menstruation, its process and understanding helps the teenager. It is important to be aware that this is all very natural and half the human race (the female half to be more exact) undergoes the same thing.

Let’s take Claire (not her real name) for example. She had no idea that her first menstruation was coming. She was away from home attending a summer camp. She was frightened when she saw that her panties and pajamas became bloody. She hid her clothes and didn’t tell anyone. Good thing, an older friend found the hidden clothes and explained to her what was happening. She was showed some sanitary napkins and how to use them. The girl also helped her washed her clothes. The fear and panic could have been avoided if she understood what was going to happen.

The Four Phases of the Menstrual Cycle

Phase 1: Day 1 to 5

  • Uterine Lining: The uterine lining is shed. Menstruation is taking place.
  • Ovaries/Follicles: The ovaries are producing minimal amounts of hormones
  • Pituitary Glands: The pituitary glands are producing minimal amounts of hormones

Phase 2: Days 6 to 15

  • Uterine Lining: The uterine lining is beginning to thicken
  • Ovaries/Follicles: The ovaries are producing the hormone estrogen, the follicles in the ovary are moving toward the ovary’s surface.
  • Pituitary Glands: The pituitary glands are producing the hormone FSH.

Phase 3: Day 14 to Ovulation

  • Ovaries/Follicles: The ripe ovum detaches from the ovary and moves into the fallopian tube.
  • Pituitary Glands: The pituitary glands release LH, a hormone.

Phase 4: Days 15 to 28

  • Uterine Lining: The uterine lining breaks down and this is the first day of menstrual bleeding
  • Ovaries/Follicles: The remnants of the follicle become the corpus luteum and begin to make the hormone progesterone. The progesterone causes the uterine lining to grow thicker. The corpus luteum disintegrates when fertilization does not occur. The disintergration of the corpus luteum means that progesterone is no longer being produced.

Watch this video to visualize the menstrual cycle in a simpler way

Your body has been creatively designed! Wouldn’t it be wonderful to celebrate this process of journeying into womanhood? You bet! Girls would likely notice that you all mature differently in many aspects like the details of breasts, the size of your hips, body hair, mental outlook and including your interest in boys. Discuss with someone you trust all these things so you could understand all the complex changes taking place.

One way to associate happy feelings would be to celebrate it. Some suggestions would be to:

  • Do a simple ritual of thanksgiving. Light a candle and say a prayer of gratitude.
  • Say an affirmation, “I am happy to be alive and I welcome the process of womanhood!”
  • Buy a cake and share it with family or close friends.
  • Write your experience in a journal or diary.

Or you may have your own ideas on how to do it. The essential thing is to remember that having your monthly period or undergoing your menstruation cycle is not a “curse.” You might resent that you now have to leave your “girly-hood” and is still longing to be babied by your parents. So the celebration or a mini party would show that menstruation is like sort of an accomplishment, much like you are a year older.

©My Digest


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I had my first (very light) period for only one day a year and a half ago, and have just properly started today. I lost a lot of weight (which stopped it) but my weight is always changing, and I'm worried about how it will affect my period. Any tips?

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      it is confusing

    • My Digest profile imageAUTHOR

      My Digest 

      9 years ago

      Kathy, are you feeling stressed? Stress affects our menstrual cycle too. But a visit to the ob gyne won't hurt either.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      I've had my period for almost three years... and at first my period was very normal. However, i have noticed in the past two months it has become very irregualr. I will get my period at the start of one month and not get it for two more months? I'm not sure what I should do? Any advice?

    • My Digest profile imageAUTHOR

      My Digest 

      9 years ago

      Hi Amelia, that is a good suggestion. But I didn't put that topic in this hub because that is a another topic to tackle plus not all girls experience pain. :) I went over your blog and smiled at your tagline..breaking the silence on menstruation..keep up the great work! :)

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      No mention of painful cramps (and how to cope with the pain)? That's what every girl needs to know about periods.

      I wish someone had told me when I was young that periods are often very painful (and that, if mine are, I am still normal). I also wish that I had been informed about pain relief products like ibuprofen and mefenamic acid.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)