ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Mental Health Care:A New Approach

Updated on October 14, 2012
It is time for a new approach to mental illness
It is time for a new approach to mental illness | Source

The problem with traditional mental health care which is currently being addressed is twofold:

1.An over-emphasis on the use of the medical model.

2.An over-use of inpatient treatment.

The development of a recovery model of care has required a change of attitude by service providers and service users.This is a cultural change in many ways and is being rolled out gradually within the mental health service.

Some statistics claim that one quarter of people will have mental health difficulties at one time or another.A focus on care provision using the medical model ignores the importance of the right economic and social factors being in place to facilitate recovery.This was evident in the past when the whole emphasis was on medication based treatments.

There is an increased emphasis on and increased resources for community based care instead of inpatient care in the recovery model,The rate of readmission to inpatient care facilities is evidence of the limited efficacy of the medical model of treatment.

Furthermore, there are now more resources directed towards recognizing and developing mental health promotion resources.Many support groups are being developed by the users of the service who are becoming more proactive in their own care as time goes on.


The traditional medical model of the psychiatrist prescribing medication is fast losing it's influence in the new recovery model of care.The emphasis is now on a more holistic approach considering social and economic factors in the context of improving and maintaining positive mental health.

The recovery model of mental health care is different from the traditional medical model in a number of ways.It emphasizes personal growth and development fostering the ability to live a more normal life in spite of the limits imposed by mental illness.It puts the focus on individuals as active participants in their own care rather than just being the recipients of the care in the traditional medical model.There is also more liaison between those providing the mental health services and those services developed by users in the recovery model.

There are more advocacy groups run by users of mental health services for their peers with the emphasis on people taking more control of their lives than was possible in the traditional medical model of the doctor being all-powerful and the patient passively cooperating.

The focus on inpatient care is moving more towards an emphasis on community-based care instead within two main areas:

1.Developing awareness of positive mental health throughout the community.

2.Provision of community-based mental health services which are accessible to users.

Instead of the traditional medical model of psychiatrist only based care there is now a trend towards a multidisciplinary team approach where members of a mental health care team liaise among themselves and with service users.

This change from the medical model to the recovery model is a positive one both for the service users and the service providers.Service users can avail of a more holistic approach to their care while being empowered to take more responsibility for their own mental health.Service providers can avail of the support of a multidisciplinary team while getting more job satisfaction from the ensuing reduced rate of relapse and readmission which will hopefully result as the recovery model of mental health care continues to gradually replace the medical one.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Kate Mc Bride profile imageAUTHOR

      Kate McBride 

      5 years ago from Donegal Ireland

      You are right about that-there is a long way to go;it's more of an evolution than a revolution really.Thanks for your visit and your positive feedback

    • gsidley profile image

      Dr. Gary L. Sidley 

      5 years ago from Lancashire, England

      Great hub on a really important topic.

      Western psychiatric services still have a long, long way to go to be able to claim they provide recovery-orientated services. But encouragingly, things are changing, albeit slowly.

    • Kate Mc Bride profile imageAUTHOR

      Kate McBride 

      5 years ago from Donegal Ireland

      Thanks for your feedback and for sharing the hub

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 

      5 years ago from California

      So many of us were taught using the medical model--I agree, that attitudes are shifting in a meaningful way. Sharing this if you do not mind!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)