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Multiple Myeloma Life Expectancy

Updated on June 30, 2012
I hope to stick around long enough to see these little guys grow up!
I hope to stick around long enough to see these little guys grow up! | Source

Multiple Myeloma

I’ve done a lot of informal research on multiple myeloma life expectancy. My aunt, with whom I was very close, died from multiple myeloma, and several years ago, I was diagnosed with MGUS. I’ll explain more about that later. Since MGUS is often a precursor to the cancer, you can easily understand my interest in the multiple myeloma survival rate, as it might very well directly affect me at some point in the future. I’ve read reams of information, and I’ve spoken with several doctors, PAs, and nurses. Here, I’m sharing with you what I’ve learned about multiple myeloma life expectancy.

What is Multiple Myeloma

Before I go any further, I need to answer the question – What is multiple myeloma? It’s a type of cancer that affects plasma cells in the blood. Everyone has plasma cells, which create antibodies. With multiple myeloma, however, the plasma cells get “out of whack,” so to speak. They proliferate in the bone marrow, crowding out normal, healthy blood cells. With MM, an abnormal cell begins cloning itself, and the resulting cells make antibody proteins called “paraproteins” or “M-proteins.” The “M,” by the way, stands for “monoclonal.”

So what do these M-proteins do to your body? For one thing, they can prevent your producing normal red blood cells. For another, they can cause “holes” in your bones, known as lytic lesions. This cancer can also cause renal failure. Furthermore, MM affects the immune system, so people who have the disease can’t fight off infections they way healthy people can. Pneumonia is probably the most persistent infection that MM patients will have to battle.

What is Multiple Myeloma?

MGUS

MGUS stands for monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. I was diagnosed with MGUS several years ago, via a routine blood test. I had no idea what the condition was, but I found out more when I was referred to a hematologist-oncologist. The way he explained it to me was that I have multiple myeloma cells in my blood, but I don’t have enough for an MM diagnosis. I also don’[t have enough of the harmful cells to cause any symptoms…yet.

I say “yet” because my “bad” numbers keep rising. I have to go for blood work every six months. Each time I go, my number of paraprotein cells has increased. I had a bone marrow biopsy and aspiration performed a few months ago, which revealed clonal plasma cells in my bone marrow. Many oncologists say 10% suggests multiple myeloma, and my level was between 5 and 10%.

Someone with MGUS is much more likely to develop MM. According to research and to my oncologist, I have about a 2% chance a year of having cancer. That might not sound like much, but consider this: I was diagnosed at the age of fifty, and if I live for twenty-five more years, my chances of developing MM are 50%. That’s not too reassuring, especially considering my family history with the disease.

I had to undergo a bone marrow biopsy and aspiration.
I had to undergo a bone marrow biopsy and aspiration. | Source

Smoldering Myeloma

Like many other cancers, multiple myeloma is described in stages, according to the seriousness of the disease and its symptoms. In an ascending scale, these are the stages:

MGUS

Smoldering multiple myeloma

Stage I

Stage II

Stage III

I’ve already explained MGUS, so I’ll move on to smoldering multiple myeloma. With smoldering myeloma, patients basically have MM, but they might not have any symptoms of the disease, and they don’t usually have the harmful effects, either, like bone lesions, anemia, and damage to the kidneys. Smoldering multiple myeloma patients don’t have severely compromised immune systems, either, so they aren’t prone to serious infections like those with active MM are.

If you have smoldering myeloma, the disease grows slowly, but you have a significant chance of developing active MM. Your chances of smoldering multiple myeloma progressing to MM are about 10-20% a year. If you’re not experiencing symptoms or damage, your physician might put off treatment.

Multiple Myeloma Treatment:

Multiple Myeloma Survival Rate

The multiple myeloma survival rate depends on several factors. These include the stage of the cancer, the treatments that are received, the race and gender of the patient, the type of paraprotein involved, and the patient’s age and overall health. With regular multiple myeloma treatment, the symptoms can be at least partially relieved, and you might very well survive for three or four years or longer.

According to the International Staging System, the median survival rate for patients in Stage I is just over five years. The rate for patients in Stage II is almost four years. The multiple myeloma survival rate for patients with Stage III is about 2 ½ years.

Standard multiple myeloma treatment includes radiation, chemotherapy, and steroids. The median multiple myeloma survival rate with such treatments is about three and one-half years. If more aggressive treatment options are used, the median multiple myeloma survival rate increases by several years. These treatment options include autologous stem cell transplants, allogeneic stem cell transplants, and syngeneic stem cell transplants.

With an autologous stem cell transplant, your own cells are harvested and stored. After the harvest, you’ll receive chemotherapy. The cells will then be replaced in your body. With an allogeneic stem cell transplant, a donor with matching cells provides the stem cells. If you have an identical twin, you might be able to have a syngeneic stem cell transplant, using healthy cells from your sibling.

Unfortunately, there’s not a cure yet for MM. occasionally, an MM patient will go into remission, but the remission rarely lasts. Aggressive multiple myeloma treatment, however, can increase the quantity and the quality of your years.

Multiple Myeloma Life Expectancy - Hope:

Multiple Myeloma Life Expectancy

Multiple myeloma life expectancy has greatly increased over the past decade or so. My aunt died in May of 2001, just ten months after her first symptoms. She moved in with her daughter in Atlanta in order to receive treatment. Her personal goal was to survive until her granddaughter got married, which she did. She died the day after the wedding. I think sheer willpower allowed to hang on until then.

Remember that the figures quoted on multiple myeloma life expectancy cite the median. Your individual case could be much different. For example, my daughter, who’s a nurse, has a patient who has had the cancer for over eleven years. He had a stem cell transplant. Surprisingly, this man was doing very well the last time my daughter saw him.

Multiple myeloma is a terrifying diagnosis. Heck, just having MGUS scares me. Keep in mind, however, that in many cases, MM isn’t the quick death sentence that it once was. New treatment methods, including drugs, are extending the lives of patients and making them more comfortable, allowing them to live a more normal life. Some exciting research is also occurring, which might discover a cure for multiple myeloma. With all these studies and clinical trials, multiple myeloma life expectancy will most likely get longer and longer.

Stem Cell Transplant for Multiple Myeloma:

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    • habee profile imageAUTHOR

      Holle Abee 

      5 years ago from Georgia

      How is your wife doing, Adriean? Like I said in the hub, my daughter had a patient who's lived 11 years with MM.

    • habee profile imageAUTHOR

      Holle Abee 

      5 years ago from Georgia

      KK, I'm so sorry for your loss. It must have been devastating to lose your husband at such a young age.

    • profile image

      KK 

      5 years ago

      I lost my 45 yr old husband just 7 wks after diagnosis of MM w/ AL Amyloidosis. Cardiac Amyloidosis was the direct cause of his death. His specialists had given him 4-5 yrs, we sought treatment from a well known facility for treating both diseases. His body fooled even the best doctors. They thought he'd had Amyloidosis 12-18 mos. Cardiac Amyloidosis prognosis is 15 mos.

      Doing my best to spread awareness of both diseases.

    • habee profile imageAUTHOR

      Holle Abee 

      6 years ago from Georgia

      Thanks, pals!

      Adele, I'll send up a prayer!

    • profile image

      Adele Snyder 

      6 years ago

      I have just been diagnosed with smoldering myeloma and am just starting my journey to understand it. This article has given me a good overview of what I should expect.

    • Angela Blair profile image

      Angela Blair 

      7 years ago from Central Texas

      habee -- I was aware of MM but certainly did not have the in depth information you presented here and I thank you. Like you, I believe in modern medicine and new discoveries being made every day. I'm so sorry you're having to go through this experience and admire you so much for your proactive stance on the matter and your willingness to share your information with us. Best/Sis

    • thewritingowl profile image

      Mary Kelly Godley 

      7 years ago from Ireland

      Very good article. I had never heard of this condition before and I wish you all the best. There are so many conditions out there that we are not generally aware of and fair play to you for raising awareness as it will help others. Best Wishes, Mary.

    • fpherj48 profile image

      Paula 

      7 years ago from Beautiful Upstate New York

      habee.....My heart is just pounding. I don't know why, but the WORD "cancer" frightens the dickens out of me. I do know a woman with MM....although I haven't seen her for quite some time, so I don't know how she's doing.

      I am sorry to know that you were diagnosed with MGUS. I can understand why this would be upsetting. But bless your heart for doing the research and getting the facts and data,. This is so so crucial to taking care of yourself and keeping up with your testing.

      I appreciate the education on MM. As always, you are a great teacher. UP++

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