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Neck Pain and Headaches from computer use.

Updated on October 26, 2016

Neck pain associated with computers and texting.

Quite often patients present with non traumatic neck pain (cervicalgia) that can be attributed to their computer usage and more recently to texting.. These patients may complain of frequent muscle spasms in the neck and midback, sharp cervical or thoracic pain, and or radiating pain down the arm. Additional symptoms may include shoulder, elbow or hand pain, numbness, or weakness. Neck pain can become debilitating and cause extreme discomfort, decreased strength and eventual arthritis.

In order to reduce neck pain it is important to identify the primary cause rather than just giving a diagnosis. Diagnosing neck pain without removing the irritant leads to future flare ups and degeneration. A preventative treatment plan must be incorporated with pain management otherwise symptomatic care is temporary.


Signs of neck pain due to computer use or texting

  • Pain in the neck
  • Pain in the upper back
  • Fatigue in Neck Muscles
  • Muscles spasms in the Neck
  • Pain,Tingling, Numbness down the arm
  • Weakness of the Shoulder, arm or hand
  • Headaches


Physical changes noted from computer use

  • Head forward Posture
  • Hunchback
  • Rounded Shoulders
  • Raised shoulder on one side
  • Tilted or rotated head
  • One arm appears longer

What happens when you work on a computer

The distribution of weight down our spine and legs is a delicate and important balance. Our heads are very heavy and if our neck is not in the right position a tremendous stress is put on the muscles and joints. When seated in front of a computer we first reduce the normal curve of our lower back ( lordosis) because of the rotation of the pelvic bones and sacrum.

This lordosis is what makes the curve in your lower back and in your neck. The upper back curves the opposite way and is called a kyphosis. When one lordosis is reduced the other must make up for it in order to maintain the balance of the body. The same holds true is one is increased, the other must decrease.

The computer user often finds that their head drifts forward towards the screen. This is due in part by the fatigue of the muscles of the neck but also by the shortening of the pectoral muscles. The pect muscles lie in your chest and are responsible for bringing your upper arm forward and internally rotating the humerus.

A little example of the pects at work

Put your right pointer finger on the J key and your left on the F key. Notice the forward movement of your arm and the internal rotation of the arm, elbow and hands. The main stabilizer of this position is the pect muscles. Imagine how strong and short they become after hours upon hours of this posture. Add to this the movements of the mouse and you can see how your dominant side has to rely on these pect muscles for gross movements while using the computer.

  • Shortened pects cause the shoulders to roll forward
  • This along with muscle fatigue cause head forward movement
  • The result is strain on the neck


As the shoulders roll forward and the neck juts out the stress is transferred to the lower neck and upper back. This area contains a complex network of nerves that go to your arm and hands. This is called the Brachial Plexus.

Irritation of the tissue surrounding these nerves will cause neurological symptoms as well as local pain. Many neurological dysfunctions aren't reported and often aren't noticed by the patient but found on examination.

  • Reduced strength in arm and hand
  • Changes in sensation
  • Changes in reflexes

It is this irritation to the brachial plexus that leads to a misdiagnosis of carpal tunnel, tendinitis, bursitis and other secondary conditions. Once again, treating a symptom or secondary condition does not fix a problem and often leads to a worsening condition.

Why would this give me headaches?

There are three different types of loose vertebrae in your spine in addition to your sacrum and coccyx : cervical, thoracic and lumbar. Each has different features and orientations that are specific to its function. Only the cervical vertebrae have arteries running through them called vertebral arteries.

These arteries supply blood to your brain along with the arteries in the front of your neck. They run through little holes in the vertebrae and much like the nerves mentioned above , are susceptible to irritation. If the neck is not in its proper alignment these vessels are compromised and the brain gets a decreased blood flow which in turn causes

So How Do You Correct This?

The first step is to become aware of posture. Not just yours, but everyone's. The ear should be lined up with the shoulder and if a line was drawn down the side of the body when standing it would transect: Ear-Shoulder-hip-behind knee-ankle. Any variation to the line will cause problems.

Get someone to take a picture of you from the side when standing up. Use this picture to note where your ear is in relation to your shoulder. Tape this picture on your monitor to remind yourself of how you were, and how you want to be.

Start taking note of other around you. Look at their posture. You will start to notice head forward posture and rounded shoulders. You will become aware of rounded upper backs and uneven shoulders. By noticing these imbalances in others you will become self conscious about your own body and that is a key step.


Step 2 Stretch your pects, strengthen your back

Remember your pects flex your arm and rotate your shoulder in. To stretch these muscles do the opposite. Much like a yawning pose, bring your arms back and point your thumbs up and back as far as you can. This stretches your pects and also by squeezing your back muscles will build strength.

Remember the old tv shows that featured women learning to walk with books on their heads? This is a great exercise which can be done mentally. Pretend that you aways have a balloon on your head. You want to keep pressing up on the balloon by straightening your back and neck. If you keep this thought in your mind you will begin sitting upright naturally within weeks. You will appear stronger, healthier and even taller!

Stuff to help you

There are three items that I recommend to people to help them reduce the stress to their neck from computer use.

  • Posture Pump
  • Wireless Mouse
  • Ergonomic Chair

Posture Pump is by far the best device

When the neck loses its curve it is called hypolordosis. If the curve reverse and goes forward it is called anterolisthesis. When the curve is decreased the joint becomes irritated degenerates. When it starts to degenerate the area becomes acidic and calcium is deposited around the joint. This is arthritis. Osteoarthritis has many names; degenerative joint disease, degenerative disk disease, spondylosis. All of these conditions imply an irritated, degenerating condition.

The failure of traditional medicine to identify and prevent arthritis is my biggest concern and my largest peeve.

Every patient that presents with an altered cervical curve or signs of arthritis is prescribed a treatment utilizing a Posture Pump. This device features an air bladder and neck support that restores the curve to the neck. This device can be used at home for 12 minutes a day and yields amazing results after repeated use for several weeks.

There are doctors offering what is called decompression therapy to people and charging thousands of dollars. They have to charge the patient because the FDA found that these tables are no different than ordinary traction tables already in use. The Posture Pump costs 1/10 of what these clinics are charging and you can do it at home.

Please visit Posture Pumps Website for information.Ebay has the posture pumps for less than most providers can buy them for so grab one there.

Click here for a review of cervical traction devices

Go wireless.

A wireless mouse affords you more freedom in your placement of the mouse and pad. When my arm or hand get tired I just use the mouse at a different height by adding books under the pad. This decreases the repetitive stress by changing the movement of some muscles.

Change your chair or lose it all together

I have an admission to make: I don't use a chair at home. My computer sits on top of a cedar chest and I sit on the floor. I am constantly shifting around from sitting to laying. I feel that this keeps my blood flowing and changes up my muscles. I understand that this would be odd in an office setting, so I use and recommend an ergonomic chair. Just because a chair is advertised as ergonomic doesn't mean that it always is good for you.

You either want complete back support or none at all. If you go for support buy a chair that has a lumbar support built in. This will prevent you from slouching forward and decreasing that lumbar curve we spoke about earlier. The other option is to get a kneeling backless chair. These force you to sit up straight by using your back muscles instead of relying on an artificial support.


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    • Kelsey Farrell profile image

      Kelsey Elise Farrell 

      3 years ago from Orange County, CA

      whoa boy does this article hit home with me. I work from home and don't have the room for a desk and chair and therefore have found myself tearing up my back and neck trying to find positions that work for me

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Very useful article, Thanks

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Great, thanks for sharing this awesome hub.Really thank you!

      Ron from Fitness

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Good information on how important our posture is while sitting at a computer. Especially today with using them for work and for many other reasons. I feel taking breaks to stretch and for your eyes is really important. I'm still working on improving my posture. Thanks for sharing a great hub.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      so what are the long term injures and the short term. Non of these blasted computer sites tell me and my project is due tommorro. thanks so much for helping me with nothing.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Useful - as an osteopath I cannot stress the importance of integrating ergonomics in this day and age when many of are spending more and more time in front of our PCs. Learning how a well set up work station can help manage the signs/symptoms your article mentioned is key as it can not only help us manage our pain but also self-educte, prevent ad thereby improve quality of life and productivity at work. I offer home treatment and advice which may be especially useful to people working from home - my pages may be of use to find out more about this and osteopathy

    • profile image


      8 years ago


    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Good article. The information is very good.

    • gramsmith profile image


      9 years ago

      Very helpful for everybody.I do work on computer everyday.I usually work 8-10 hours a day.So its really very helpful for me..Thanks..........

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      I do not work outside the home.I am a 70 year old senior woman.

      Mostly for pleasure. and news, music sites.

      I do have an excellent lumbar chair, as I have Spinal arthritis.

      But because of eye problems, and many lasar surgeries, from the years 1996=to= 2000, and open angle Glaucoma,as a side effect from the lasar surgeries, that saved these eyes. I do have the tendancy to lean forward.When I do lean forward, I see better. My Ottomaogist encourages my intrest in the computer, and I do enjoy it.

      As a guess, i spend about 14 hours a week on it. I am a night person, insomnia. lol

      I am on during the day, as well as evening.Not to say that I have ever gone on line in the middle of the night. Never.

      I will get the wireless mouse. Did have one, but something went array.

      Any ideas for someone with eye problems.?

      Thank you. Blessings.


      I do not ever get headaches, but now and then, my neck hurts as do shoulders.

      Nothing real bad. When my husband rubs my neck and shoulders, even for five minutes, ir goes away.

      My flat screen ,I think 24 or 25 inches

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Good job connecting the forward head posture with computer use. We spend most of the day leaning forward these days.

    • johnpol78 profile image


      9 years ago from United Kingdom

      That is a hub.. every body needs it .. Just flag it as the MUST READ kinda

      You really made me think about the way i work my official 8 hours


    • guidebaba profile image


      10 years ago from India

      Excellent Hub with Great Explanation. Thanks for sharing.

    • Shirley Anderson profile image

      Shirley Anderson 

      10 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      Thanks SirDent! I will look into those, though I'm wondering if the laptop is then too high to type conforably....would I be trading off one thing for another?

    • Back2Basics profile imageAUTHOR


      10 years ago from Aston, Pennsylvania

      Thank you all for coming and reading this. I will answer some of your questions in future posts.

    • esocial profile image


      10 years ago from California

      This is for me, too :) OK all of us need to stand up and stretch. One, two , three....

    • DJ Funktual profile image

      DJ Funktual 

      10 years ago from One Nation Under a Groove

      Great great hub. i printed it and everything. Good job funnebone!

    • profile image


      10 years ago

      Good article. The information is very good.

      Shirley, they make a base for laptops that will elevate them to make it easier on the hands and back. It is angled so you can set it where it will be most conforatable for you. I am not sure what it's called.

    • Shirley Anderson profile image

      Shirley Anderson 

      10 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      I suffer from the discomforts of computor use, mostly because I'm a freelance writer and I usually work 12 - 16 hours a day. I got a wireless mouse which has made a big difference for my arms and wrists, but my neck, shoulders and back can get pretty stiff. Also, my ankles and feet swell by the 10th or 11th hour. I've started taking more frequent breaks to get up and move around, and I pull one leg up on my chair for awhile, then switch legs. That has helped a lot, too.

      I only have a laptop, and I work at a table, so I'm not sure how I can line up my ears and shoulders and still see the screen and type comfortably....any suggestions?

    • Bob Ewing profile image

      Bob Ewing 

      10 years ago from New Brunswick

      Very informative.

    • terenceyap07 profile image


      10 years ago from Singapore

      Excellent article and very relevant to all of us that are "chained" to our work stations, my friend. Your advice is very comprehensive and well researched. I shall definitely be looking forward to reading more hubs from "this" account.

    • compu-smart profile image

      Tony T 

      10 years ago from London UK

      Im not sure if i missed the joke here funnebone!!!

      Haha just kidding!!

      Its good to a serious side of someones work, just as much as funny! This subjest is very important, especially when they tell you that we spend x amount of our lives laying down in bed!, i think we spend just as much, if not more time sitting upright at a desk!

    • SweetiePie profile image


      10 years ago from Southern California, USA

      I have sciatica and need to have better posture, so I will read this again to be sure.

    • Squimpleton profile image

      Squintina Nightgard 

      10 years ago from New York

      :) I'm definitely one of those people with bad computer posture, mostly because I sit on a bed while on my laptop. I know that's the reason for my increasing back problems but I never thought that was also the reason for my increasing headaches. Guess I'll have to work out a way to get better posture while on the computer somehow..


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